Presentation on theme: " Henry VII (1485-1509) Henry VIII (1509-1547) Edward VI (1547-1553) Mery I (1553-1558) Elizabeth I (1558-1603)"— Presentation transcript:
Henry VII (1485-1509) Henry VIII (1509-1547) Edward VI (1547-1553) Mery I (1553-1558) Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
When the Wars of the Roses ended Henry VII became king Tried to consolidate his position through: - a treaty with France, giving him recognition; - a trade treaty with the Netherlands; - the dynastic marriage between his son Arthur and the Spanish princess, Catherine of Aragon.
He fuonded the english naval power and exstended military power Aimed at increasing and reinforcing England’s trading position. Turned England into a modern State
Henry VII’s second son. Popular both with the English elite and the English public. Called the ‘Golden Prince’ for his natural good looks and his chivalry and education. He was interesting in culture and he granted the title of “ defender of the faith “ by the Pope He married Chaterine of Aragon and he had a doughter Mary I Asked the Pope for a divorce to marry his pregnant mistress Anne Boleyn.
He created a protestant religion Ireland remaind a catholic country begein Irish Quest Anne Boleyn gave him a second daughter, Elizabeth.She was tried and executed for treason in 1536. Henry went on to have four more wives and one son, Edward, later Edward VI, from Jane Seymour.
The son of Jane Seymour and Henry VIII. Made Protestant doctrine He built schools. Replaced the old Latin with The Book of Common Prayer in English.
The daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. Refused to abandon the Catholic faith. Tried to restore England to papal obedience. Married the Catholic Philip of Spain. The burning of Protestants earned her the nickname ‘Bloody Mary’ and alienated public opinion. Died without an heir.
Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn’s daughter. Became queen of a divided nation, the majority of which was anti-Catholic and anti-Spanish She was twenty-five and had a strong personality, a lively intelligence and a passionate character. She had received an excellent education: she could speak French, Latin and Italian.
Was unmarried and she was married to her people She became the ‘Virgin Queen’ because she didn’t want to share her power Went on royal progresses inspired literature, music, drama and poetry. Expanded exploration and overseas trade.
Encouraged sea-captains Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh in their piracy against Spanish ships and took a share of the profits. Defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. Laid the basis of England’s empire chartering seven companies – including the East India Company – to colonise in the name of trade.