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Presented to the 2 nd Combined Maritime Security Conference Halifax, 6 June 2012 Maritime Security Strategy… The Chilean Navy Perspective Maritime Security.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented to the 2 nd Combined Maritime Security Conference Halifax, 6 June 2012 Maritime Security Strategy… The Chilean Navy Perspective Maritime Security."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented to the 2 nd Combined Maritime Security Conference Halifax, 6 June 2012 Maritime Security Strategy… The Chilean Navy Perspective Maritime Security Strategy… The Chilean Navy Perspective

2 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter and confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter and confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks AGENDA

3 Land Area 756,950 Km2 Southeast Pacific Region Coordinator Naval Control of Shipping (1989) 1. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea SOLAS (1929) Coordinator for the World-Wide Navigational Warning Service - Area XV (1992) International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (1953) Tsunami Warning System (1966) Exclusive Economic Zone 3,409, Km2 SAR Area of Responsibility 26,476,004.5 Km2 IMO Circular establishing SAR Regions (2005) Supreme Decree (1976) Our Scenario

4 CHILE NEW ZEALAND PERU FRANCE(TAHITI) ARGENTINA Our Scenario

5 MARITIME TRADE 90,1% TONNAGE 84,7% FOB VALUE 54,6% GDP MARITIME TRADE 90,1% TONNAGE 84,7% FOB VALUE 54,6% GDP North America 20,6 % North America 20,6 % Africa 1,8 % Africa 1,8 % Europe 9,9 % Europe 9,9 % Central and South America 24,2 % Central and South America 24,2 % Asia and Australia 43,5 % Asia and Australia 43,5 % Our Scenario 3 rd major user of the Panama Canal 3 rd major user of the Panama Canal

6 TO BE A RESPECTED AND VALUED NAVY, THAT CONTRIBUTES TO FOREIGN POLICY, WITH NATO- STANDARD INTEROPERABILITY, AND PROVIDER OF A HIGHLY REGARDED NATIONAL MARITIME SERVICE. Our Vision

7 Support our national maritime posture to ensure a significant role in a globalized world and provide an according Naval power to: 1.Defend our territory with the Army and Air Force. 2.Monitor and control our area of responsibility. 3.Protect national interests overseas. 4.Contribute to international peacekeeping. Our Mission

8 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter and confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter and confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks AGENDA

9 XXI CENTURY Globalization Process Foreign Trade Foreign Trade Regional Understanding Lack of Oil Energy demands Water supplies Climate change Hunger Piracy- WMD Illegal Immigration- Organized Crime Illegal Fishing- People Trafficking Weapons smuggling- Money Laundry Drugs trafficking- Pandemics Pollution- Cybercrime Natural Disasters- Polarization Piracy- WMD Illegal Immigration- Organized Crime Illegal Fishing- People Trafficking Weapons smuggling- Money Laundry Drugs trafficking- Pandemics Pollution- Cybercrime Natural Disasters- Polarization Present and Future Threats

10 XXI CENTURY Globalization Process Foreign Trade Foreign Trade Regional Understanding Surveillance Detection Deterrence Persuasion Confront Control Surveillance Detection Deterrence Persuasion Confront Control Interoperability Cooperation International Presence Interoperability Cooperation International Presence Challenges and Opportunities

11 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter or confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter or confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks AGENDA

12 CMDR IN CHIEF CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL JUGDE ADVOCATE GENERAL COMPTROLLER DIRECTOR FOR INTELLIGENCE GENERAL SECRETARY Chilean Navy Organization GEN. DIRECTOR PERSONNEL GEN. DIRECTOR MARIT. TERR. GEN. DIRECTOR FINANCES GEN. DIRECTOR SERVICES DIR. EDUCATION DIR. HEALTH CARE DIR. WELFARE RELIGIOUS SERV. DIR. ENGINEERING SYSTEMS DIR. SUPPLIES DIR. PROJECTS, R&D DIR. SHIP REPAIRS BUILDING & CONS. SERVICE UK NAVAL MISSION MAINTENANCE SERVICE DIRECTOR OF ACCOUNTING DIRECTOR OF BUDGET DIRECTOR FOR MARITIME INTERESTS AND ENVIRONMENT DIRECTOR FOR OPERATIONS AND MARITIME SAFETY HYDROGRAPHIC AND OCEANOGRAPHIC SERVICE (SHOA) USA NAVAL MISSION COMMS. AND I.T.

13 NAVAL OPERATIONS COMMAND Surface Fleet Submarine Force Marine Corps Naval Aviation Amphib. & Transp. Com Special Forces Command FIRST NAVAL ZONE SECOND NAVAL ZONE THIRD NAVAL ZONE FOURTH NAVAL ZONE FIFTH NAVAL ZONE CDR IN CHIEF CHIEF OF CHIEF OF GEN. STAFF Chilean Navy Organization

14 14 18° 21´ 03´´ 26° 00´ 00´´ 34° 09´ 00´´ 46° 00´ 00´´ Fourth Naval Zone First Naval Zone Second Naval Zone Third Naval Zone Naval Zones Jurisdictions G.M. ARICA (1) G.M. IQUIQUE (2) G.M. ANTOFAGASTA (4) G.M. CALDERA (3) G.M. COQUIMBO (3) G.M. VALPARA Í SO (4) G.M. SAN ANTONIO (4) G.M. HANGA ROA (1) G.M. TALCAHUANO (7) G.M. VALDIVIA (6) G.M. G.M. PTO MONTT (6) G.M. CASTRO (7) G.M. AYSEN (6) G.M. PTA ARENAS (6) G.M. PTO WILLIAMS (1) G.M. ANTÁRTICA (4) Fifth Naval Zone

15 Available Means 15 Afloat Maritime Units (7) Patrol Ships (Contiguous Zone) (27) Patrol and Rescue (Territorial Sea) (50) Fast Patrol Crafts (Territorial Sea and Interior Waters) TOTAL: 86 Units (2) Offshore Patrol Vessels (E.E.Z.)

16 Available Means Aircrafts (8) M.P.A. 2 P3ACH + 3 P P-111 (1)General Purpose CS-212 (7) USW, ASuW and SAR SH-32 (19) SAR (2 UH HH UH UH-57) (5) Coastal Patrol O2-A TOTAL40AIRCRAFT

17 Naval Units Surface Fleet (8) Frigates Submarine Force (4) Submarines Amphibious units (1) LSDH (2) LST y (1) AP (5) Auxiliaries (7) Fast attack missile boats TOTAL: 28 Ships Available Means

18 ARICA IQUIQUE ANTOFAGASTA CALDERA COQUIMBO VALPARAISO SAN ANTONIO CASTRO TALCAHUANO PUERTO MONTT PUERTO WILLIAMS VALDIVIA PUNTA ARENAS PUERTO AYSEN ANTÁRTICA Integration and use of the available assets of the Chilean Navy HANGA ROA 131°00’W131°00’W EEZ and Contiguous Zone EEZ and Contiguous Zone High Seas Territorial Sea and Internal Waters

19 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter or confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter or confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Strategy and Capabilities 5. Final remarks AGENDA

20 Three Vector Strategy DEFENSE VECTOR Military Role DEFENSE VECTOR Military Role MARITIME VECTOR Development Support Role MARITIME VECTOR Development Support Role INTERNATIONAL VECTOR Diplomacy Support Role INTERNATIONAL VECTOR Diplomacy Support Role Navy Mission Navy Mission

21  Control of the sea  Projection of military power from the sea  Coastal Defense  Strategic maritime transportation  Prevention and Control of asymmetric threats DEFENSE VECTOR TASKS

22 DEFENSE VECTOR Military Role DEFENSE VECTOR Military Role MARITIME VECTOR Developing Support Role MARITIME VECTOR Developing Support Role INTERNATIONAL VECTOR Diplomacy Support Role INTERNATIONAL VECTOR Diplomacy Support Role Navy Mission Navy Mission Three Vector Strategy

23  Maritime Search and Rescue  Navigation Safety, including Safety of Life at Sea  Protection of Maritime Environment  Maritime surveillance and control  Support to the insular and isolated areas  Humanitarian assistance and catastrophe mitigation  Maritime investigation and research  Support to other State organizations  Antarctic support and presence MARITIME VECTOR AIMS

24 MARITIME VECTOR Developing Support Role MARITIME VECTOR Developing Support Role INTERNATIONAL VECTOR Diplomacy Support Role INTERNATIONAL VECTOR Diplomacy Support Role Navy Mission Navy Mission DEFENSE VECTOR Military Role DEFENSE VECTOR Military Role Three Vector Strategy

25  Preventive deployment  Maritime interdiction  Naval presence  Contribution to mutual trust  Support of international operations  Humanitarian assistance and catastrophe mitigation  State representation INTERNATIONAL VECTOR AIMS

26  GRAFIMAR : Maritime Command and Control System  CRUZ DEL SUR: Combined and ready Task Force at U.N. service, with Argentina  P. AN. C. : Combined Antartic Patrol, with Argentina  NORTHERN DESERT PLAN : Interagency antidrugs initiative  INTERNATIONAL EXERCISES: Panamax, Rimpac, Team Work South, Marcot, ….  MINUSTAH: Stabilization force in Haiti BUILT UP CAPABILITIES TO SUPPORT OUR STRATEGY AND COMMITMENT BUILT UP CAPABILITIES TO SUPPORT OUR STRATEGY AND COMMITMENT

27 SURVEILLANCE, CONTROL, ALERT AND RESPONSE - SCAR Territorial Waters AIS/ Máximun range Coastal Radar LUT COSPAS / SARSAT INMARSAT IRIDIUM LRIT VTS Center Marítime Patrolling Coastal Radar Radiogoniómeter Aereal marítime Vigilance Tx CNTDS Search And Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking VMS / POSAT The Surveillance, Control, Alert and Response concept, is defined as a comprehensive system of systems allowing the effective awareness of all the activities at sea, rivers and inland waterway areas of responsibility, and which may affect the national safety and security, and thus the national interest, in order to provide effective responses. This is our vision, This is our Maritime Situational Awareness vision, …this is our Maritime Domain Awareness approach. SATELLITAL AIS

28 28 GRAFIMAR Command and Control System

29 29 SURFACE PICTURE DATA INPUT IN GRAFIMAR Integral System for Ship Assistance SIGHTINGS COLCO COOPERATION AGREEMENTS AMVER AIS VTS INTERNET VMSPOSAT WINPLOTER CHILREP(QTH) DEPARTURES AND ANCHORING LUT REGIONALTRAFFICCONTROL Automated Mutual- Assistance Vessel Rescue System (SIAN, in Spanish)

30 1.000 NM DC IDE Information: Ship position Time of broadcast Ship ID (DC) Data Centers (IDE) International LRIT Data Exchange DC Access to data: Flag State Port State Control Coastal State SAR Service Long Range Identification & Tracking LRIT System

31 MODULAR AND POLIVALENT MODULAR AND POLIVALENT “CRUZ DEL SUR” COMBINED TASK FORCE

32 “PANAMAX”

33 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter or confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Capabilities 5. Final remarks 1. Introduction – Chilean Scenario 2. Our End – Deter or confront maritime security threats 3. Our Means – Assets 4. Our Ways – Capabilities 5. Final remarks AGENDA

34 34 Morning of the 27/F, 8.8 Richter FACING CATASTROPHE

35 ASMAR SHIPYARD, Talcahuano Facing the Emergency

36 36 Before After FACING CATASTROPHE

37 Stage I: Stage II: Stage III: To recover minimum operational capabilities To reorganize and recover full permanent capabilities To overcome the emergency 27 FEB SEPT FEB FEB 2015 HOW WE ARE DEALING WITH THE EMERGENCY Overcoming the Emergency

38 To identify regional and global cooperation opportunities To increase participation in multinational initiatives To better integrate our country to the globalized world To tighten bonds with other navies in the Pacific Rim Maritime Security Threats and Challenges TO BE AHEAD AND AWARE OF THE MANY SECURITY THREATS THAT MAY ARISE Interoperability Cooperation Presence Interoperability Cooperation Presence Final Remarks

39 We strive to be held as a respected and cherished Institution for every Chilean national, and a respected and reliable partner for the Navies of our overseas friends. THE CHILEAN NAVY

40 END OF PRESENTATION Maritime Security Strategy… The Chilean Navy Perspective Maritime Security Strategy… The Chilean Navy Perspective


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