Presentation on theme: "Texas Revolution. The Constitution of 1824 March 19, 1823: Federalists (believed in sharing power between the states and national government), overthrew."— Presentation transcript:
The Constitution of 1824 March 19, 1823: Federalists (believed in sharing power between the states and national government), overthrew the Mexican Emperor. – Centralists believed the power should be concentrated in the national government 1824: Federalists wrote a Constitution – Divided country in to 19 states and 4 territories – Coahuila and Texas were joined to create the state of Coahuila y Tejas – Constitution allowed for Texas to break off as a separate state after the population was large enough
Texas was allowed to select 1 of the 12 members of the state legislature. – Baron de Bastrop was chosen from Texas 1824: As part of the Constitution, a new colonization law was passed 1825: Foreigners were invited to Texas – $30 payment/fee – Up to 4,428 acres – No taxes for a set number of years – Single men were given less acreage (1,107), and then more (3,321) when they married. – Had to be of good moral character and Roman Catholic
The Good and the Bad Why did the Texans like the Constitution of 1824? – States’ rights government. Allowed more local control. – Allowed Texans to own slaves. Why did the Texans not like the Constitution of 1824? – Texans had to obey Spanish Law and practice Catholicism. – Texans had to speak Spanish and agree to become Spanish citizens
Did the Constitution of 1824 Last? The freedoms given in the Constitution of 1824 were ultimately taken away. – The Law of April 6th, 1830 abolished the Constitution of 1824. – “The Dictator” Santa Anna, abolished the Constitution of 1824
Too many Colonists in Mexico? Mier y Teran expressed concern that Anglo’s outnumbered Mexican’s 10-1. Mexico began to tighten its grip on Texas – Outlawed Slavery in Mexico. – Outlawed immigration from the U.S. – Placed Customs Duties on goods from the U.S. – Cancelled all Empresarial Grants.
Stephen F. Austin goes to Mexico City SFA sent a letter to the Texans from Mexico City, but the letter was intercepted. – Gomez Farias was slow to address the Texans’ problems, and Austin grew impatient. – It was interpreted that Austin was challenging the authority of Mexico’s government. – SFA was thrown in to prison.
William Travis Calls for Help in San Antonio Travis wrote a letter asking for reinforcement’s or, volunteers to help him defend the Alamo. No one in answered his call for help.
Battles of the Texas Revolution Battle of Velasco Battle of Gonzales Siege of Bexar Battle of the Alamo Battle of Coleto Creek/Goliad “Massacre” Battle of San Jacinto
“Battle” of Velasco – Description- Conflict over the passage of a cannon through the city of Velasco. – Outcome- Mexican officials ran out of ammunition and had to let the Texans through with the cannon. – Significance- First true military conflict between Texans and Mexicans. Battle of Gonzales – Description-Battle over a Mexican cannon given to the Texans. – Outcome- Texan’s fired the cannon at Mexican soldiers. – Significance- The first battle of the Texas Revolution.
Siege of Bexar – D- Texan army marches to San Antonio in attempt to overthrow Mexican army. – O-Texan army forced Mexican troops out of San Antonio. – S- Texans had control of San Antonio. Battle of the Alamo – D- Texan army fights Mexican troops to retain control of San Antonio and the Alamo. – O- Mexican army defeats Texan troops at The Alamo. – S- Mexico crushes Texas rebellion and forces Texans to rethink their cause.
Battle of Coleto Creek/Goliad “Massacre” – D-Battle between Col. Fannin and Gen. Urrea. – O- Texas soldiers are massacred at Goliad. – S- Angered the Texans. Helped the Texans cause by getting more volunteers. Battle of San Jacinto – D- Final battle between Texans and Mexicans. – O- Santa Anna surrenders Texas and signs Treaty of Velasco. – S- Last battle of the Texas Revolution.
Can You Identify Me? Person of InterestWhy am I significant? George Childress I was present at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the Brazos and wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence James Fannin I led the Texans at Coleto Creek and surrendered to Gen. Urrea. Later my men and I were executed at Goliad by order of Santa Anna. Susanna Dickinson I was one of the only survivors at the Alamo. Santa Anna spared my life and I was the messenger that told Sam Houston the news about the fall of the Alamo. William B Travis I was a lawyer that was thrown into jail at Anahuac for passing a note to a guard. I also was the head commander during the fall of the Alamo, and wrote the famous “Victory or Death” letter. Santa Anna I overthrew the Mexican government and became president in 1832. The Texans liked me at first, but then rebelled against me after I stopped following the Mexican Constitution of 1824, and was declared a dictator.
Can You Identify Me….Continued Sam Houston I was the Commander in Chief of the Texas Army during the Revolution and led Texas to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto. Later I will become the first President of Texas. Jim Bowie I was an adventurous pioneer that died at the Alamo. I am best known for my knife. Runaway Scrape I am the great movement East, back to the US, after the fall of the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre. Davey Crockett I am a former Congressman from Tennessee and was already famous when I arrived in Texas. I am most known for my frontier skills and coonskin hat.