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Texas Revolution. The Constitution of 1824 March 19, 1823: Federalists (believed in sharing power between the states and national government), overthrew.

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Presentation on theme: "Texas Revolution. The Constitution of 1824 March 19, 1823: Federalists (believed in sharing power between the states and national government), overthrew."— Presentation transcript:

1 Texas Revolution

2 The Constitution of 1824 March 19, 1823: Federalists (believed in sharing power between the states and national government), overthrew the Mexican Emperor. – Centralists believed the power should be concentrated in the national government 1824: Federalists wrote a Constitution – Divided country in to 19 states and 4 territories – Coahuila and Texas were joined to create the state of Coahuila y Tejas – Constitution allowed for Texas to break off as a separate state after the population was large enough

3 Texas was allowed to select 1 of the 12 members of the state legislature. – Baron de Bastrop was chosen from Texas 1824: As part of the Constitution, a new colonization law was passed 1825: Foreigners were invited to Texas – $30 payment/fee – Up to 4,428 acres – No taxes for a set number of years – Single men were given less acreage (1,107), and then more (3,321) when they married. – Had to be of good moral character and Roman Catholic

4 The Good and the Bad Why did the Texans like the Constitution of 1824? – States’ rights government. Allowed more local control. – Allowed Texans to own slaves. Why did the Texans not like the Constitution of 1824? – Texans had to obey Spanish Law and practice Catholicism. – Texans had to speak Spanish and agree to become Spanish citizens

5 Did the Constitution of 1824 Last? The freedoms given in the Constitution of 1824 were ultimately taken away. – The Law of April 6th, 1830 abolished the Constitution of 1824. – “The Dictator” Santa Anna, abolished the Constitution of 1824

6 Too many Colonists in Mexico? Mier y Teran expressed concern that Anglo’s outnumbered Mexican’s 10-1. Mexico began to tighten its grip on Texas – Outlawed Slavery in Mexico. – Outlawed immigration from the U.S. – Placed Customs Duties on goods from the U.S. – Cancelled all Empresarial Grants.

7 Stephen F. Austin goes to Mexico City SFA sent a letter to the Texans from Mexico City, but the letter was intercepted. – Gomez Farias was slow to address the Texans’ problems, and Austin grew impatient. – It was interpreted that Austin was challenging the authority of Mexico’s government. – SFA was thrown in to prison.

8 William Travis Calls for Help in San Antonio Travis wrote a letter asking for reinforcement’s or, volunteers to help him defend the Alamo. No one in answered his call for help.

9 Battles of the Texas Revolution  Battle of Velasco  Battle of Gonzales  Siege of Bexar  Battle of the Alamo  Battle of Coleto Creek/Goliad “Massacre”  Battle of San Jacinto

10 “Battle” of Velasco – Description- Conflict over the passage of a cannon through the city of Velasco. – Outcome- Mexican officials ran out of ammunition and had to let the Texans through with the cannon. – Significance- First true military conflict between Texans and Mexicans. Battle of Gonzales – Description-Battle over a Mexican cannon given to the Texans. – Outcome- Texan’s fired the cannon at Mexican soldiers. – Significance- The first battle of the Texas Revolution.

11 Siege of Bexar – D- Texan army marches to San Antonio in attempt to overthrow Mexican army. – O-Texan army forced Mexican troops out of San Antonio. – S- Texans had control of San Antonio. Battle of the Alamo – D- Texan army fights Mexican troops to retain control of San Antonio and the Alamo. – O- Mexican army defeats Texan troops at The Alamo. – S- Mexico crushes Texas rebellion and forces Texans to rethink their cause.

12 Battle of Coleto Creek/Goliad “Massacre” – D-Battle between Col. Fannin and Gen. Urrea. – O- Texas soldiers are massacred at Goliad. – S- Angered the Texans. Helped the Texans cause by getting more volunteers. Battle of San Jacinto – D- Final battle between Texans and Mexicans. – O- Santa Anna surrenders Texas and signs Treaty of Velasco. – S- Last battle of the Texas Revolution.

13 Can You Identify Me? Person of InterestWhy am I significant? George Childress I was present at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the Brazos and wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence James Fannin I led the Texans at Coleto Creek and surrendered to Gen. Urrea. Later my men and I were executed at Goliad by order of Santa Anna. Susanna Dickinson I was one of the only survivors at the Alamo. Santa Anna spared my life and I was the messenger that told Sam Houston the news about the fall of the Alamo. William B Travis I was a lawyer that was thrown into jail at Anahuac for passing a note to a guard. I also was the head commander during the fall of the Alamo, and wrote the famous “Victory or Death” letter. Santa Anna I overthrew the Mexican government and became president in 1832. The Texans liked me at first, but then rebelled against me after I stopped following the Mexican Constitution of 1824, and was declared a dictator.

14 Can You Identify Me….Continued Sam Houston I was the Commander in Chief of the Texas Army during the Revolution and led Texas to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto. Later I will become the first President of Texas. Jim Bowie I was an adventurous pioneer that died at the Alamo. I am best known for my knife. Runaway Scrape I am the great movement East, back to the US, after the fall of the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre. Davey Crockett I am a former Congressman from Tennessee and was already famous when I arrived in Texas. I am most known for my frontier skills and coonskin hat.

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