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The Renaissance. A Renaissance Man Renaissance comes from latin rinascere which means “to be reborn.”

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Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance. A Renaissance Man Renaissance comes from latin rinascere which means “to be reborn.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Renaissance

2 A Renaissance Man

3 Renaissance comes from latin rinascere which means “to be reborn.”

4 A Renaissance Man Renaissance comes from latin rinascere which means “to be reborn.” Used for people who are educated in all things such as the arts and sciences

5 A Renaissance Man Renaissance comes from latin rinascere which means “to be reborn.” Used for people who are educated in all things such as the arts and sciences Leonardo da Vinci: artist, designer, scientist, craftsman, researcher

6 Where did it begin?

7 Italy: Florence, Italy during the 1300’s! It was one of the wealthiest countries. Church helped pay for many of the pieces.

8 Where did it begin? Italy: Florence, Italy during the 1300’s! It was one of the wealthiest countries. Church helped pay for many of the pieces. –Patrons: Wealthy families who commissioned works of art or architecture (the Medici family).

9 Where did it begin? Italy: Florence, Italy during the 1300’s! It was one of the wealthiest countries. Church helped pay for many of the pieces. –Patrons: Wealthy families who commissioned works of art or architecture (the Medici family). –Reemergence of Greek and Roman art, literature, sculpture

10 The Medicis

11 “Godfathers of the Renaissance”

12 The Medicis “Godfathers of the Renaissance” Started in Florence, Italy!

13 The Medicis “Godfathers of the Renaissance” Started in Florence, Italy! –Florence: Known as the “Banking” city in the Renaissance. Florence is not by the Mediterranean Sea like Venice is, therefore, trading wasn’t as affluent

14 The Medicis “Godfathers of the Renaissance” Started in Florence, Italy! –Florence: Known as the “Banking” city in the Renaissance. Florence is not by the Mediterranean Sea like Venice is, therefore, trading wasn’t as affluent The Medici created a lucrative partnership with the Catholic Church.

15 The Medicis “Godfathers of the Renaissance” Started in Florence, Italy! –Florence: Known as the “Banking” city in the Renaissance. Florence is not by the Mediterranean Sea like Venice is, therefore, trading wasn’t as affluent The Medici created a lucrative partnership with the Catholic Church. –It had become one of the most ingenious enterprises of all time, the Medici bank collected 10% of your earnings for the Church. If you couldn't pay, you faced excommunication!

16 Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel The building work started in 1475 ended in

17 Michelangelo’s Crucifixion of St. Peter

18 Michelangelo “The Last Judgment” WHAT DO YOU THINK HE POTRAYED?

19 Leonardo Da Vinci’s The Last Supper

20 Leonardo Da Vinci: Mona Lisa

21 Raphael’s School of Athens

22 Plato and Aristotle

23 Raphael’s School of Athens Apollo and Athena

24 Raphael’s School of Athens Sappho and Socrates

25 Raphael’s School of Athens Pythagoras and Archimedes

26 Raphael’s School of Athens Ptolemy and Raphael

27 American Renaissance Man Benjamin Franklin Inventor, writer, printer, scientist, researcher, economist (mathematician), politician, diplomat, musician, one of the first electricians and helped found our country!

28 Hanes Magnet Renaissance Student Your assignment is to write one paragraph explaining how you are a renaissance individual. Look back to our definition: What are you good at? What do you do or know that comes from the past?

29 The Authority of the Roman Catholic Church

30 With feudalism, the church became the one unifying force.

31 The Authority of the Roman Catholic Church With feudalism, the church became the one unifying force. Church began to hold a lot of power

32 The Authority of the Roman Catholic Church With feudalism, the church became the one unifying force. Church began to hold a lot of power –Educated the masses through monasteries and universities

33 The Authority of the Roman Catholic Church With feudalism, the church became the one unifying force. Church began to hold a lot of power –Educated the masses through monasteries and universities –Politics: lords must obey the laws of the church or be excommunicated=thrown out of church and all activities

34 The Authority of the Roman Catholic Church With feudalism, the church became the one unifying force. Church began to hold a lot of power –Educated the masses through monasteries and universities –Politics: lords must obey the laws of the church or be excommunicated=thrown out of church and all activities –Jews were discriminated against. Put in ghettos (moved away from rest of community)

35 Reformation

36 Renaissance brought on Secularism= move toward earthly, or away from the church.

37 Reformation Renaissance brought on Secularism= move toward earthly, or away from the church. Some church leaders criticized the church for spending too much money on decorations or living to richly

38 Reformation Renaissance brought on Secularism= move toward earthly, or away from the church. Some criticized church for spending too much money on decorations or living to richly Martin Luther (Catholic monk) posted “95 thesis” on church door in Germany asking for reform in 1517.

39 Martin Luther A Catholic Monk who wrote about the “abuses” of the Catholic Church- which was the 95 Theses He posted them on the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany on October 31 st, Older Luther Younger Luther

40 Reformation Luther’s thesis began to circulate, and the church broke off into 2 parts: Protestants and Catholics

41 Reformation Luther’s thesis began to circulate, and the church broke off into 2 parts: Protestants and Catholics –Printing press allowed for the circulation.

42 Reformation Luther’s thesis began to circulate, and the church broke off into 2 parts: Protestants and Catholics –Printing press allowed for the circulation. Luther also translated the Bible from Latin so that everyone could read it instead of just church officials.

43 Birth of Protestantism Jean Calvin

44 Birth of Protestantism From Latin protestans or one who protests. Jean Calvin

45 Birth of Protestantism From Latin protestans or one who protests. Other protestant groups included followers of Jean Calvin  Puritans, Presbyterians, Huguenots. Jean Calvin

46

47 New Governments/New States

48 Many Lords and Barons began to revolt against Kings.

49 New Governments/New States Many Lords and Barons began to revolt against Kings. English Lords made King John sign the Magna Carta

50 New Governments/New States Many Lords and Barons began to revolt against Kings. English Lords made King John sign the Magna Carta –Gave more rights to citizens and made the king not above the law.

51 Newly Created States

52 Spain

53 Newly Created States Spain France

54 Newly Created States Spain France Great Britain

55 Newly Created States Spain France Great Britain Austria

56 Newly Created States Spain France Great Britain Austria Prussia

57 Newly Created States Spain France Great Britain Austria Prussia Russia

58 Influence for rulers:

59 Influence for new rulers came from one specific source.

60 Influence for rulers: Influence for new rulers came from one specific source. –Niccolo Machiavelli: Book called “The Prince”.

61 Influence for rulers: Influence for new rulers came from one specific source. –Niccolo Machiavelli: Book called “The Prince”. Gave practical but brutal advice. “It is much safer to be feared than to be loved, if it is necessary to choose.”

62 France: Europe’s Newest State

63 “I AM THE STATE”- King Louis XIV - He was in control over all of France!

64 France: Europe’s Newest State “I AM THE STATE”- King Louis XIV - He was in control over all of France! An absolute monarch: a ruler with complete power

65 France: Europe’s Newest State “I AM THE STATE”- King Louis XIV - He was in control over all of France! An absolute monarch: a ruler with complete power Louis XIV organized and built states: land with borders, fixed population, and government that rules the land and people

66 France: Europe’s Newest State “I AM THE STATE”- King Louis XIV - He was in control over all of France! An absolute monarch: a ruler with complete power Louis XIV organized and built states: land with borders, fixed population, and government that rules the land and people Ruled from

67 France: Europe’s Newest State Had a number of departments that were given duties assigned by the king himself.

68 Absolute Power: Example

69 The Palace at Versailles: Started in 1661

70 Absolute Power: Example The Palace at Versailles: Started in 1661 –To tighten his grip on the government King Louis XIV moved from Paris to Versailles.

71 Absolute Power: Example The Palace at Versailles: Started in 1661 –To tighten his grip on the government King Louis XIV moved from Paris to Versailles. All members of the government were forced to live in the palace instead of their homes. (can’t rebel when the king is next door)

72 Absolute Power: Example The Palace at Versailles: Started in 1661 –To tighten his grip on the government King Louis XIV moved from Paris to Versailles. All members of the government were forced to live in the palace instead of their homes. (can’t rebel when the king is next door) –The palace took 20 years to complete.

73 Absolute Power: Example The Palace at Versailles: Started in 1661 –To tighten his grip on the government King Louis XIV moved from Paris to Versailles. All members of the government were forced to live in the palace instead of their homes. (can’t rebel when the king is next door) –The palace took 20 years to complete. –More than a half mile long.

74 Petite Park, Versailles

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85 How does this shape Europe?

86 Nationalism: A belief that your country is the best in the world.

87 How does this shape Europe? Nationalism: A belief that your country is the best in the world. Began the Age of Exploration and the race for new land.

88 How does this shape Europe? Nationalism: A belief that your country is the best in the world. Began the Age of Exploration and the race for new land. Europe expands to the New World and changes forever.


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