Presentation on theme: "Renaissance Europe. Changes in Society Middle Ages: (Europe in the 4th - 14th centuries) –Feudal society (everyone has a master but the king and the Pope)"— Presentation transcript:
Changes in Society Middle Ages: (Europe in the 4th - 14th centuries) –Feudal society (everyone has a master but the king and the Pope) –Catholic church had absolute power Renaissance: (15-17th centuries) –Catholic church questioned; peoples’ worlds began to expand –Poor still had masters but everyone began to rebel against authority
The Arts Renaissance = “rebirth” of art and learning Art still to honor and to serve God, but also to celebrate humans Art became more nuanced – human form studied Painting, sculpture, architecture, music
Leonardo da Vinci
The School at Athens, with lines to show perspective
Cities Beautiful, powerful, crowded, filthy Powerful cities due to trade &/or having a cathedral –Venice, Florence, Paris, Rome, London Cities were centers for merchants, religious beliefs, education Also where diseases spread most quickly
Buildings Centers of power made of stone (castles, cathedrals, universities) Homes built of wood or mud brick In some places, poor homes were built of mud walls (wattle and daub) with thatched roofs
Government Powerful kings ruled - absolute authority Their advisors carried out laws - Disobedience meant prison or death Very high taxes on the poor, had to pay with cash or land England is different
Religion in Europe Corrupt Catholic Church questioned by Martin Luther and other Protestants New Protestant churches divided European church Jews, Muslims, also lived in Europe, but faced persecution.
Education & Science Scientists needed patrons (someone wealthy to pay for their research) –Johannes Gutenburg – –Copernicus, then Galileo – proved earth revolves around sun
Trade and Money Every country had its own currency –gold and silver coins –Jewels also valued Trade existed throughout Europe –Bad roads, boats could sink Venice most powerful merchant city - traded with Asia (silks, spices) –Marco Polo went to Asia in 1271, opened up that continent for trade
Writing and Record Keeping Keepers of Information –Universities, Monasteries, King’s Court Printing press means more books available for cheaper prices - lower classes can read!