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Business in Action 6e Bovée/Thill Labor Relations Chapter 12.

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Presentation on theme: "Business in Action 6e Bovée/Thill Labor Relations Chapter 12."— Presentation transcript:

1 Business in Action 6e Bovée/Thill Labor Relations Chapter 12

2 Unionization: Employee’s Perspective  Higher compensation  Greater benefits  Influence over hiring, promotions, and layoffs  Working conditions and workplace safety  Formal processes for employee grievances, discipline, and other matters  Solidarity and recognition Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-2

3 Unionization: Management’s Perspective  Work Rules  A common element of labor contracts that specifies such things as the tasks certain employees are required to do or are forbidden to do Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-3

4 Unionization in Historical Perspective  National Labor Relations Act  Legislation passed in 1935 that established labor relations policies and procedures for most sectors of private industry; commonly known as the Wagner Act Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-4

5 Unionization in Historical Perspective  Labor-Management Relations Act  Legislation passed in 1947 that addressed many concerns raised by business owners and shifted the balance of power again  Commonly known as the Taft -Hartley Act Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-5

6 Right-to-Work States Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-6

7 Union Organizing Drives  Authorization Cards  Cards signed by employees to indicate interest in having a union represent them  Certification Eelection  A secret-ballot election overseen by the NLRB to determine whether a union gains the right to represent a group of employees Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-7

8 Union Organizing Drives  Decertification  An employee vote to take away a union’s right to represent them Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-8

9 The Collective Bargaining Process  Collective Bargaining  A negotiation between union and management negotiators to forge the human resources policies that will apply to all employees covered by a contract  Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBAs)  Contracts that result from collective bargaining Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-9

10 Negotiating an Agreement  Mediation  Use of an impartial third party to help resolve bargaining impasses  Arbitration  A decision process in which an impartial referee listens to both sides and then makes a judgment by accepting one side’s view Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-10

11 Labor Options  Strike  A temporary work stoppage aimed at forcing management to accept union demands  Boycott  A pressure action by union members and sympathizers who refuse to buy or handle the product of a target company Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-11

12 Labor Options (cont.)  Injunction  A court order that requires one side in a dispute to refrain from or engage in a particular action Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-12

13 Management’s Options  Strikebreakers  Nonunion workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers  Lockout  A decision by management to prevent union employees from entering the workplace  used to pressure the union to accept a contract proposal Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-13

14 Grievance, Discipline, and Arbitration Procedures  Unfair labor practices  Unlawful acts made by either unions or management  Grievance  A formal complaint against an employer Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-14

15 Grievance, Discipline, and Arbitration Procedures  Progressive Discipline  An escalating process of discipline that gives employees several opportunities to correct performance problems before being terminated Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 12-15


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