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PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook The University of West Alabama 1 Human Resource Management ELEVENTH EDITION G A R Y D E S S L E R © 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Labor Relations and Collective Bargaining Chapter 15 Part 5 | Employee Relations
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–2 After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1.Give a brief history of the American labor movement. 2.Discuss the main features of at least three major pieces of labor legislation. 3.Present examples of what to expect during the union organizing drive and election. 4.Describe five ways to lose an NLRB election. 5.Illustrate with examples bargaining that is not in good faith. 6.Develop a grievance procedure.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–3 What Do Unions Want? Union Security Improved wages, hours, working conditions, and benefits Aims of Unions
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–4 Union Security Closed Shop Open Shop Union Shop Types of Union Security Agency Shop Maintenance of Membership
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–5 The AFL-CIO The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) A voluntary federation of about 100 national and international labor unions in the United States. Structure of the AFL-CIOStructure of the AFL-CIO Local unions National unions National federation Change to Win CoalitionChange to Win Coalition
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–6 The Organizing Drive Employer Responses to OrganizingEmployer Responses to Organizing Can attack the union on ethical and moral grounds and cite the cost of union membership. Cannot make promises of benefits. Cannot make unilateral changes in terms and conditions of employment that were not planned to be implemented prior to the onset of union organizing activity. Can inform employees of their right to revoke their authorization cards.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–7 The Organizing Drive (cont’d) Union Activities During OrganizingUnion Activities During Organizing Unions can picket the company, subject to three constraints: It must file a petition for an election within 30 days after the start of picketing. The firm cannot already be lawfully recognizing another union. There cannot have been a valid NLRB election during the past 12 months.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–8 NLRB Hearing Officer’s Duties Determining if the record indicates there is enough evidence to hold an election.Determining if the record indicates there is enough evidence to hold an election. Did 30% of the employees in an appropriate bargaining unit sign the authorization cards? Deciding what the bargaining unit will be.Deciding what the bargaining unit will be. The bargaining unit is the group of employees that the union will be authorized to represent and bargain for collectively.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–9 The Union Organizing Drive and Election (cont’d) The Supervisor’s RoleThe Supervisor’s Role Unfair labor practices by supervisors: Could cause the NLRB to hold a new election after the company has won a previous election. Could cause the company to forfeit the second election and go directly to contract negotiation.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–10 The Collective Bargaining Process What Is Collective Bargaining?What Is Collective Bargaining? Both management and labor are required by law to negotiate wages, hours, and terms and conditions of employment “in good faith.” What Is Good Faith Bargaining?What Is Good Faith Bargaining? Both parties communicate and negotiate. They match proposals with counterproposals in a reasonable effort to arrive at an agreement. Neither party can compel the other to agree to a proposal or to make any specific concessions.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–11 Classes of Bargaining Items Mandatory Items Illegal Items Categories of Bargaining Items Voluntary Items
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–12 Impasses, Mediation, and Strikes An ImpasseAn Impasse Usually occurs because one party is demanding more than the other will offer. Sometimes an impasse can be resolved through a third party—a disinterested person such as a mediator or arbitrator. If the impasse is not resolved: The union may call a work stoppage, or strike, to put pressure on management. Management may lock out employees.
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–13 Strikes Economic Strike Unfair Labor Practice Strike Wildcat Strike Sympathy Strike Types of Strikes
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–14 Grievances GrievanceGrievance Any factor involving wages, hours, or conditions of employment that is used as a complaint against the employer. Sources of GrievancesSources of Grievances Discipline Seniority Job evaluations Work assignments Overtime Vacations Incentive plans Holiday pay Problem employees
© 2008 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.15–15 K E Y T E R M S closed shop union shop agency shop open shop right to work Norris-LaGuardia Act (1932) National Labor Relations (or Wagner) Act National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) Taft-Hartley Act (1947) national emergency strikes Landrum-Griffin Act (1959) union salting authorization cards bargaining unit decertification collective bargaining good faith bargaining voluntary bargaining items illegal bargaining items mandatory bargaining items impassemediation fact finder arbitrationstrike economic strike unfair labor practice strike wildcat strike sympathy strike picketing corporate campaign boycott inside games lockoutinjunctiongrievance
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