Presentation on theme: "Learning to read and write Patrícia Garcia Martín Reception class."— Presentation transcript:
Learning to read and write Patrícia Garcia Martín Reception class
Why this theme to focus on? I am a Speech and Language Therapist. I am interested in how children cope with the learning of such a big deal. In Spain children use to know how to read and write in primary school.
The Spanish language characteristics Spanish has 27 letters and 5 digraphs. A sound for each grapheme.
The English language characteristics English has 26 letters and over 46 sounds so... ▫one sound (phoneme) can be represented by one, two, three or four letters: e.g. /a/ a, /f/ ph, /igh/ igh, /oa/ ough. ▫one sound can be represented by multiple spelling alternatives (graphemes): e.g. /oa/: o, oa, ow, oe, o-e, eau, ough. ▫one grapheme (letter or letter group) can represent multiple sounds: e.g. ‘ough’: /oa/ though, /or/ thought, long /oo/ through, /ou/ plough, /u/ thorough. http://www.phonicsinternational.com/
So... Complex association: Image – shape – letter – phonic.... In an easy way.
And lots of inputs! Paper strips on the table with the phonics. Individual letters stuck on the literacy wall.
Very important: Keywords! The most frequently used words. Different colours related to different difficulties.
And lots of inputs! Key words hanging on a string. Individual charts with sounds and key words.
Conclusions In Spain we focus on non-sense words (syllables) and they try to make them aware of the importance of the written communication. When learning there is a gradual increment of the difficulty. It is important to provide visual, oral and manipulative inputs.
References: Read Write Inc. Oxford University Press: https://global.oup.com/education/content/primary/series/rwi/; jsessionid=2FA10CBC057840F6BAEC8183EA57427A?region=in ternational SpeedySSP Reading and Spelling Lessons: http://www.myspeedyssp.com/#!rwi-letter-formation/c1asn Research Regarding Phonics: http://projectpro.com/ICR/Research/Phonics/Summary.htm Phonics international: http://www.phonicsinternational.com/FR_PI_About_teaching_ reading_spelling.pdf