4Phonological Awareness is awareness of Sounds around usRhymes , alliterationPhonemesSyllable awarenessBlending and segmenting phonemes in wordsManipulation of sounds in words
5What is ‘Letters and Sounds’ document Developed to build children's speaking and listening skills and to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills starting from Nursery with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven( year 2).Letters and sounds is a Six Phase program starting from foundation stage to end of key stage one to develop children's Phonological awareness and direct correspondence between letters and the sounds they make .Pack consists of materials designed to assist practitioners and teachers in promoting speaking and listening skills, so that, by the end of Key Stage 1, children have developed fluent word reading skills and have a good foundation in spellingPhase 1 – Beginning of Phase 2 ( Nursery)Phase 2,3,4 (Reception)Phase 4-5 (Year 1)Phase 6- (Year 2)
6Phase 1 aimsTo hear and recognise , differentiate and sounds in the environment, sounds made by body, mouth and musical instrumentsTo show awareness of rhyme and alliteration.Exploring sounds in wordsOrally blend and segment wordsPhonemes
7Phonics: Key concepts and skills Concept 1 :What is a syllable?A syllable is the sound of a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) that's created when pronouncing a word.Vowels break the sound in words .
8Exercise Count how many syllables in these words Cake 1 syllable Eat – Cheese –Eating –2 syllables (eat - ing)chicken –2 syllables (chick - en)Fatimah3 syllables (fa-ti-mah
9Concept 2 What is a phoneme? The smallest unit of sound in a word is called a phonemeThere are 26 alphabets and 44 phonemes in English language !!
10Activity : How many phonemes sounds) in this word? Pen/p//e//n/
14A. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, Concept 3 :What is a Grapheme ?The letters that represent phonemes are called graphemes. Egg d-/d/ ,n-/n/A. Graphemes can be made up from1 letter e.g. p,2 letters e.g. sh- diagraph3 letters e.g. tch - trigraph.
15Underline how many Graphemes, Digraphs and Trigraphs in these words PrintDuckThumbThingshack
16Did you get that right? Print- p-r-i-n-t 5 Duck d-u-ck 3 Cow c-ow 2 Thumb th-u-m-b 4Chang ch-a-ngShack sh-a-ck
17Phoneme is what you hear Grapheme is what you see
18Key skills Key skill 1 – Key skill 2 – Oral blending Blending This involves hearing phonemes and being able to merge them together to make a word. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to blend written wordsBlendingThis involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading.Key skill 2 –Oral SegmentingThis is the act hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words to spell them.SegmentingThis involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order. This is the basis of spelling
23The complexities of the English Alphabetic Code include - One sound can be represented by in different ways using1,2,3 or 4 letters e.g. sound /o/- or, saw,watch,salt,law- One spelling can represent multiple sounds: e.g. crowd, low, arrow, own, sow, know, acknowledge
24ExerciseRead the words below and discuss how many sounds do these letters ‘cc’ represent.SoccerCappuccinoflaccidOccurSoccer , Occur -/ck/Cappuccino /ch/Flaccid /s/
25Bleed Flop Cow Jumper Night boat Count how many phonemes in these each of these words using the alphabetic code?BleedFlopCowJumperNightboat
26Did you get it right Bleed = b-l-ee-d =4 Flop = f-l-o-p =4 Cow = c-ow =2Jumper =j-u-m-p-er =5Night =n-igh-t =3Boat =b-oa-t =3
27Activity Count how many phonemes in each of these words. shelf dress sprintstring
28Did you get it right?shelf = sh – e – l – f = 4dress = d - r - e – ss = 4sprint = s – p – r – i – n – t = 6string = s – t – r – i – ng = 5
58Plan of action Develop a phonic rich environment. Discreet session of phonics teaching everyday.Phase 1 through out the year + Introduce 1-2 letters a weekRepetition at every opportunity ,building in routines e.g. register, fruit and snack , general conversation.Literacy in areas of curriculum.