Knowledge of the alphabetic codeSkills of segmentation and blending
Phoneme – smallest unit of sound in a word. Grapheme – a letter or sequence of letters that represents a phoneme.
1. f l m n r s sh v th z (continuous phonemes) 2. e p t ch h (unvoiced) 3. b d g w qu y j (voiced) Video showing pronunciation of sounds
The 44 phonemes /b//d//f//g//h//j//k//l//m//n//ng/ /p//r//s//t//v//w//y//z//th/ /ch/ /sh//zh//a//e//i//o//u//ae//ee//ie//oe/ /ue//oo//ar//ur//au//er//ow//oi//air//ear//ure/
BLENDING Recognising the letter sounds in a written word, for example c-u-p and merging or ‘blending’ them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word ‘cup
SEGMENTING ‘Chopping Up’ the word to spell it out The opposite of blending Use your ‘ROBOT ARMS’
Sounds/phonemes are represented by letters A phoneme can be represented by one or more letters e.g. Sh, th, ee, etc The same phoneme can be represented/ spelled in more than one way e.g. rain, may, lake The same spelling may represent more than one sound e.g. mean, deaf
Phase 1 Letters and Sounds Environmental sounds Instrumental sounds Body percussion Rhythm and Rhyme Alliteration Voice sounds Oral blending and segmenting
Sounds are introduced in sets/ We use Jolly Phonics and Sounds Write. Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m d Set 3: g o c k Set 4: ck e u r Set 5: h b f ff l ll ss Sounds Write – a i m s t n o p b c g h d f v e l r u j w z x y ff ll ss – Extended code ai ee
With word cards: s a t p i n m d make as many CVC & CV words as you can.
And now you have the knowledge… Play lots of sound and listening games with your child. Read as much as possible to and with your child. Encourage and praise – get them to have a ‘good guess’. Ask your child’s teacher if you want to know more.