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Communication, Language and Literacy Knowledge of the alphabetic codeSkills of segmentation and blending.

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Presentation on theme: "Communication, Language and Literacy Knowledge of the alphabetic codeSkills of segmentation and blending."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Communication, Language and Literacy

3 Knowledge of the alphabetic codeSkills of segmentation and blending

4 Phoneme – smallest unit of sound in a word. Grapheme – a letter or sequence of letters that represents a phoneme.

5  1. f l m n r s sh v th z (continuous phonemes)  2. e p t ch h (unvoiced)  3. b d g w qu y j (voiced)  Video showing pronunciation of sounds

6 The 44 phonemes /b//d//f//g//h//j//k//l//m//n//ng/ /p//r//s//t//v//w//y//z//th/ /ch/ /sh//zh//a//e//i//o//u//ae//ee//ie//oe/ /ue//oo//ar//ur//au//er//ow//oi//air//ear//ure/

7 BLENDING Recognising the letter sounds in a written word, for example c-u-p and merging or ‘blending’ them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word ‘cup

8 SEGMENTING ‘Chopping Up’ the word to spell it out The opposite of blending Use your ‘ROBOT ARMS’

9 Sounds/phonemes are represented by letters A phoneme can be represented by one or more letters e.g. Sh, th, ee, etc The same phoneme can be represented/ spelled in more than one way e.g. rain, may, lake The same spelling may represent more than one sound e.g. mean, deaf

10 Phase 1 Letters and Sounds Environmental sounds Instrumental sounds Body percussion Rhythm and Rhyme Alliteration Voice sounds Oral blending and segmenting

11  Sounds are introduced in sets/ We use Jolly Phonics and Sounds Write.  Set 1: s a t p  Set 2: i n m d  Set 3: g o c k  Set 4: ck e u r  Set 5: h b f ff l ll ss  Sounds Write – a i m s t n o p b c g h d f v e l r u j w z x y ff ll ss – Extended code ai ee

12  With word cards: s a t p i n m d make as many CVC & CV words as you can.

13 rainbright witchlaughter

14  Letter progression and graphemes continued  Set 6: j v w x  Set 7: y z zz qu  Set 8: ch sh th ng  Teach: ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur ow oi ear air ure er

15 Tricky Words Words that are not phonically decodeable e.g. was, the, I Some are ‘tricky’ to start with but will become decodeable once we have learned the harder phonemes e.g. out, there,

16 pigpig churchchurch boy curl thorn chick down shirt

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18 And now you have the knowledge… Play lots of sound and listening games with your child. Read as much as possible to and with your child. Encourage and praise – get them to have a ‘good guess’. Ask your child’s teacher if you want to know more.


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