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The Literacy Programme at Bradbury School

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1 The Literacy Programme at Bradbury School
“The more you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you'll go.”  - Dr. Seuss, "I Can Read With My Eyes Shut!"

2 Beliefs and Values in Literacy
Literacy is fundamental to learning, thinking and communication, and permeates the whole curriculum Literacy is the major connecting element across the curriculum Applied across subject areas Applied throughout the transdisciplinary programme of inquiry

3 Good Learning Practice
Literature is an integral part of the curriculum Books are read to be Enjoyed Discussed Analysed Compared Contrasted Students learn how to understand, interpret and respond to ideas, attitudes and feelings think critically make predictions and inferences

4 Good Learning Practice
Writing is a significant activity in classes of all ages When learning to write, students are encouraged to focus on meaning rather than accuracy enjoy the writing process

5 The Role of Literacy in the POI
Literacy is taught through the relevant, realistic context of the units of inquiry Literacy instruction supports students’ inquiries and the sharing of their learning

6 How Literacy Practices are Changing
Increased emphasis on: Decreased emphasis on: Promoting integrated language development Teaching language as isolated strands A literature-based approach to learning language Using skill-drill texts and workbooks to learn language A teaching approach that sees making mistakes in language as inevitable and necessary for learning A teaching approach that focuses on encouraging students not to make mistakes in language Reading for meaning Decoding only for accuracy Reading selected according to interest level Reading selected according to decoding level Making culturally diverse reading material available Having only monocultural reading materials available

7 How Literacy Practices are Changing
Increased emphasis on: Decreased emphasis on: Focusing on meaning when reading and writing Focusing primarily on accuracy when reading and writing Encouraging appropriate cooperative discussion in the classroom Enforcing silent, individual work in the classroom Writing as a process Writing only as a product Developing a range of independent spelling strategies A dependence on the teacher as the only source of correct spelling Using language for creative problem solving and information processing Using language for rote learning A range of appropriate assessment methods such as conferencing, miscue analysis, and writing sample analysis Standardized reading and writing assessments

8 Knowledge and Skills in Language
The learning process involves Learning Language As students listen to and use language with others in their everyday lives Learning About Language As students try to understand how language works Learning Through Language As students use language as a tool to think about, or reflect on a theme, concept or issue

9 LITERACY STRANDS Listening and Speaking Reading Writing
Viewing and Presenting

10 LITERACY STRAND Listening and Speaking
Students learn to: Listen and respond to a range of texts, and to the ideas and opinions of others Improve fluency and accuracy when speaking Ask and answer questions; relate and retell; persuade; talk about needs, feelings, ideas or opinions; contribute to discussions Recognize that oral language needs to be appropriate to the audience and to the purpose

11 LITERACY STRAND Reading and Writing
Students learn to: Read and write for enjoyment, instruction and information Recognize and appreciate the variety of literary styles, genres and structures; poetry, plays and stories; creative, informative, instructional, persuasive and reflective text Understand and apply a variety of structures, strategies and literary techniques Spelling, grammar, prediction, plot, character, punctuation, voice

12 LITERACY STRAND Viewing and Presenting
Viewing is receptive Presenting is expressive Students learn to: Appreciate that the world is full of visual language that conveys meaning Understand how images and language interact to convey meaning Interpret and respond to text Use texts for different purposes Use visual texts to enrich their own storytelling or presentations

13 Literacy at Bradbury School
Literacy in Action

14 Literacy Year 1 Speaking & Listening Reading Writing

15 Oral language Speaking and Listening
Oral language encompasses all aspects of Speaking and Listening. These are skills that are essential for ongoing language development. Some examples in the classroom are: Role play Drama Circle time Listening activities Following instructions Communication using different languages

16 READING Can you read this?

17 Reading Development Learning to read is a very complex process
All children are different and their reading development varies

18 Phonics We use a variety of phonic programmes to reinforce single phonemes and blends This is done using repetition, through a variety of matching, rhyming, listening and treasure hunt games etc.

19 In the classroom… Shared Reading Guided Reading Independent Reading
Whole class participation Big books or Interactive Whiteboard Modelled reading Guided Reading Small groups High frequency words and unit-related vocabulary Teaching reading strategies Decoding and comprehension Independent Reading Quiet reading Buddy reading

20 A Variety Of Texts Students read and re-read a range of texts eg, non-fiction, poems, songs, big books, fairy tales, picture books Children are encouraged to respond to texts in a variety of ways eg. drawing, painting, retelling, role play and writing

21 Contextual Understanding
Students use language experience to talk about texts Has anything that happens in the story ever happened to you? Is the family in the book like yours? Share opinions Is this book true? Could this really happen? Look at the ways people or characters are represented.

22 Nurturing A Community Of Readers
Create a supportive classroom where everyone is valued for their efforts Foster an enjoyment of reading through discussion and sharing Encourage students to take risks Encourage students to select their own reading materials according to interest or purpose

23 How To Support Early Readers
Read with your child every day – home readers Practice sounds and/or high frequency words as they come home Expose your child to a wide variety of texts Encourage children to use decoding skills to attempt independent reading Encourage your child to talk about books and their reading with other members of the family

24 Writing is fun! Every child is a writer. We need to foster an atmosphere where any mark making is valued as writing.

25 Role Play Writing Children will experiment with marks to represent written language Children are beginning to understand that writing is used to convey meaning or messages As their understanding about sound-symbol relationships has not yet developed their writing is not readable It is important to know what they have written by asking them to read their writing to you

26 Example of Role Play writing

27 Emergent Writing Phase
Children are aware that speech can be written down. They rely on familiar topics to write about such as greeting cards, lists and letters. Children will demonstrate one-to-one correspondence by representing most spoken words in their written text.

28 Example of Emergent Writing Phase

29 Early Writing Phase Children will produce a small range of texts that exhibit some of the conventions of writing eg, retells, reports and weekend news At this stage your child will have a small bank of high frequency words that they spell correctly eg, and, they, come, have When writing unknown words they rely on phonic knowledge

30 Example of Early Writing Phase

31 What does this look like at school?
Encourage the children to sound out unfamiliar vocabulary Opportunities to write daily Teacher modelled writing / Guided writing Value their writing. Children must see themselves as writers. As teachers our main concern is that we create an atmosphere where children enjoy writing and know they are successful.

32 Handwriting Begins with patterns for hand movements to introduce pre-cursive writing:

33 Introduce individual letters through modelling:

34 Explicitly taught letter joins:

35 Commonly asked questions:
Why do you teach children cursive at such an early age? Will my child have to write using cursive all the time? Will this slow my child’s writing process?


37 How can you help at home? Shopping lists Diary/journal
Draw a picture, ask them to write about it Postcards to friends Note to Mummy or Daddy to take to work for them to read in the day Labels around the house Writing birthday cards Correct pencil grip Always value what they have written, even if you can’t read it!

38 Have Fun Remember to enjoy the experience of reading and writing in these first few years of school The partnership between home and school is extremely important

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