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Phonics workshop for the Foundation Stage

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1 Phonics workshop for the Foundation Stage
Welcome Phonics workshop for the Foundation Stage

2 What will we cover? A brief overview for phonics
Phonics within the Foundation Stage Activities – an opportunity to experience how your child learns and ideas for home.

3 Phonics Phonics is the main approach to helping children with unknown words. Children need to use letter sounds (not letter names) to decode words. = The smallest unit of sound is called a phoneme. There are 44 phonemes in spoken English. Phonics Skill of blending and segmenting Knowledge of the Alphabetical code of Phonics

4 Phoneme - The smallest unit of sound. There are 44 phonemes in English
Phoneme - The smallest unit of sound. There are 44 phonemes in English. Phonemes can be put together to make words. Grapheme - A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough. Digraph - A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme). Trigraph - A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

5 Phoneme a cat Digraph oa boat Trigraph igh sight

6 How do we say the sounds?

7 Phonics in Foundation Stage
The children are taught using LCP Phonics scheme of work that follows the Primary National Strategy Letters and Sounds. Letters and Sounds is broken up into phases 1-6 In the Foundation Stage and KS1 phonics is taught every day for 20 minutes 4 days a week. Children start from phase 2 as phase 1 runs continuously throughout the Foundation Stage.

8 Phase 2 Set 1 - s a t p Set 2 - i n m d Set 3 - g o c k
Set 4 - ck e u r Set 5 - h b f ff l ll s ss

9 Phase 3 Phase 3 continues in the same way as Phase 2 and introduces new phonemes. By the end of Phase 3 the children will know one way of writing down each of the 44 phonemes. Set 6 - j v w x Set 7 - y z zz qu Consonant digraphs - ch sh th ng Vowel digraphs (and trigraphs) ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur ow oi ear air ure er

10 ur er nurse flower

11 oo oo moon book

12 Phase 4 The main challenge in this phase is to help children to blend and segment words with adjacent consonants e.g. truck, help. These adjacent consonant phonemes can both be heard when you say the word which makes them different from a digraph where there are two letters that make just one sound.

13 gulp stamp hand thank

14 Oral blending This involves hearing phonemes and being able to merge them together to make a word h - a - t hat d – u –ck duck

15 Activity: Oral blending
On the yellow sheet in your pack there are a list of words, in the first column shows the phonemes within the word, sound talk them and then say the word.

16 Blending to read This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading. dog tree All about recognising letter sounds in a written word, go through example The order in which they are written!

17 p a t t r ai n Sound buttons
Sounds buttons are used under each grapheme to help the identify sounds. p a t t r ai n

18 Activity: blending to read
recognising graphemes in words (single letter phonemes and digraphs)

19 Activity: blending to read green sheet
1st table – real words to try and blend 2nd – nonsense/alien words Find it difficult to find words your child doesn’t know from sight vocabulary to check/hellp phonemes and blending skills

20 Oral Segmenting This is the act hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words to spell them.

21 Activity: how many phonemes (sounds) are in these words?
Fingers to count

22 Segmenting This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Then writing those graphemes down in the right order Basis of spelling bat, duck, soon might, market, pram, tent, chair

23 Spelling application: What goes in each part of the phoneme frame?
Activity – segmenting Spelling application: What goes in each part of the phoneme frame? d o g Phoneme frame helps organise sounds Count sounds, see difference between number of sounds and letters sh ee p

24 k i ck n igh t

25 Tricky words However, some words just don’t ‘sound out’.....these are called ‘Tricky Words’

26 How to help your child Phonics will only work in an environment where Speaking and Listening Skills are promoted and developed. Children should also be regularly exposed to a wide range of quality texts. They should be regularly read aloud to. Read regularly every opportunity not just your child’s books Nonsense/alien words – make your own words up using 44 phoemes Activities and games Reading record – list of phonemes and phase children are working on in school. Websites

27 Thank you 6pm Mrs Pimperton overview of phonics throughout KS1
6:20pm Mrs Wilsher Year 1 Screening test Resources and Questions

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