2French and Dutch Settlements A shortcut to Asia is all that we seekNorth-west Pass-ageA path that is quick for the trade-goods, you seeExplorers searched for it - for years at a timeThey looked and they looked but they never did findNorth-west Pass-age (do do dee do do do tweet)
3French and Dutch Settlements Many countries hoped to be the first to find the Northwest Passage through the Americas.A Northwest Passage would make it easier to trade between Europe and Asia.
4French and Dutch Settlements The colony of Quebec was founded on the St Lawrence river.This was a good location because of:water travel made transportation and travel easyMillions of beavers lived in the forests in this region. Beaver fur was very popular in Europe and the beaver trade industry was very profitableOther towns like Montreal followed. These cities were called the colonies of New France.
5French and Dutch Colonies Dutch leaders hired English sea captain, Henry Hudson, to search for the Northwest Passage through America.
6French and Dutch Settlements Henry Hudson explored 150 miles up the River and claimed the land he saw for the Dutch.These colonies would be called New Netherlands.The biggest and most important Dutch settlement in North America was called New Amsterdam. It sat on the mouth of the Hudson river and controlled trade up and down the river.
7New Amsterdam GrowsTo help the colony grow, the Dutch encouraged people from many countries and religions to settle in New Netherland.New Amsterdam became a thriving town with a diverse population.Later the English will take over the city and give it a new name.Today it is one of the largest and most important cities in the world. You may know it as:
8Time to hit a high note! Open your textbook to page 164. Read through the lesson and find cause-effect relationships.Add these relationships to your notes.Then open to page Use the "Fact File" to answer these questions.Which explorer reached North America first?Which two explorers sailed under the flag of the country in which they were born?What body of water is named after one of the explorers.