2Cultural information 1 Cultural information 1. Quote O Hare Noel (American Writer): As a modern parent, I know that it’s not how much you give children those counts, it’s the love and attention you shower on them. A caring attitude can not only save you a small fortune, but also even make you feel good about being tight-fisted and offering more care than present.
3Cultural information 2.1 2. Father The father is often seen as an authority figure. A common observation among scholars is that the authority of the father and of the political leader are closely intertwined, that there is a symbolic identification between domestic authority and national political leadership. The fundamental common grounds between domestic and national authority, are the mechanisms of naming (exercise the authority in someone’s name) and identification. In a patriarchal society, authority typically uses such rhetoric of fatherhood and family to implement their rule and advocate its legitimacy.
4Cultural information 2.2Cultural informationIn Western culture patriarchy and authority have been synonymous. In the 19th century Europe, the idea was common, among both traditionalist and revolutionaries, that the authority of the domestic father should “be made omnipotent in the family so that it becomes less necessary in the state”. In the second part of that century, there was an extension of the authority of the husband over his wife and the authority of thefather over his children, including “increased demands for absolute obedience of children to the father”.
5Global Reading-Text analysis1 Main ideaStructural analysisMain ideaWhat is the story narrated in the text about?The text recollects a series of events concerning the narrator’s father, who showed profound affection for his daughter by offering her valentines on Valentine’s Day.
6Global Reading-Text analysis2 Main ideaStructural analysis2. Why does the writer focus her accounts anddescriptions on her first recollection of the magicher father brought to the occasion and on the last cardand gift from him?Because the first and last gifts her father offered her are the most impressive and the most unforgettable ones.
71. Work out the structure of the text by completing the table. Structural analysis 1Main ideaStructural analysisStructural analysis1. Work out the structure of the text by completing the table.ParagraphsMain ideaIt gives a brief account of the narrator’s father and points out the theme of the text.1-2It provides a detailed account of how the father showed profound affection for his daughter on Valentine’s Day.3-10
8Structural analysis 2Main ideaStructural analysisParagraphsMain ideaThe narrator tells us how important it has been to her to have such a loving father and that she will never forget her father and his kindness to her.11-12
9The three sentences that indicate the progression of time are: Structural analysis 2Main ideaStructural analysis2. The author’s recounting of her Valentine’s Day memories in the second part of the text follows closely the chronological order. Try to pick out the three sentences in this part that indicate the progression of time.The three sentences that indicate the progression of time are:My first recollection of the magic he could bring to Valentine’s Day came when I was six. (Paragraph 3)
10Structural analysis 2Main ideaStructural analysis2) As I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed “Love, Dad.” (Paragraph 5)3) My mailbox eventually had a rural address, and the job of hand-delivering candy and cards was relegated to the U.S. Postal Service. (Paragraph 7)
11Detailed reading1 My Forever Valentine The traditional holidays in our house when I was a child were spent timing elaborate meals around football games. My father tried to make pleasant chitchat and eat as much as he could during half time. At Christmas he found time to have a cup or two of holiday beer and do his holly-shaped bow tie. But he didn’t truly shine until Valentine’s Day.1
12Detailed reading2Detailed readingI don’t know whether it was because work at the office slowed during February or because the football season was over. But Valentine’s Day was the time my father chose to show his love for the special people in his life. Over the years I fondly thought of him as my “Valentine Man”.2
13Detailed reading3Detailed readingMy first recollection of the magic he could bring to Valentine’s Day came when I was six. For several days I had been cutting out valentines for my classmates. Each of us was to decorate a “mailbox” and put it on our desk for others to give us cards. That box and its contents ushered in a succession of bittersweet memories of my entrance into a world of popularity contests marked by the number of cards received, the teasing about boyfriends/girlfriends and the tender care I gave to the card from the cutest boy in class.3
14Detailed reading4Detailed readingThat morning at the breakfast table I found a card and a gift-wrapped package at my chair. The card was signed “Love, Dad,” and the gift was a ring with a small piece of red glass to represent my birthstone, a ruby. There is little difference between red glass and rubies to a child of six, and I remember wearing that ring with a pride that all the cards in the world could not surpass.4
15Detailed reading5Detailed readingAs I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed “Love, Dad.” In those years my thank-yous became more of a perfunctory response. The cards seemed less important, and I took for granted the valentine that would always be there. Long past the days of having a “mailbox” on my desk, I had placed my hopes and dreams in receiving cards and gifts from “significant others,” and “Love, Dad” just didn’t seem quite enough.5
16Detailed reading6-7 If my father knew then that he had been replaced, he never let it show. If he sensed any disappointment over valentines that didn’t arrive for me, he just tried that much harder to create a positive atmosphere, giving me an extra hug and doing what he could to make my day a little brighter.My mailbox eventually had a rural address, and the job of hand-delivering candy and cards was relegated to the U.S. Postal Service. Never in ten years was my father’s package late nor was it on the Valentine’s Day eight years ago when I reached into the mailbox to find a card addressed to me in my mother’s handwriting.67
17Detailed reading8-10Detailed readingIt was the kind of card that comes in an inexpensive assortment box sold by a child going door to door to try to earn money for a school project. It was the kind of card you used to get from a grandmother or an aging aunt or, in this case, a dying father.It was the kind of card that put a lump in your throat and tears in your eyes because you knew the person no longer was able to go out and buy a real valentine. It was a card that signaled this would be the last you would receive from him.The card had a photograph of tulips on the outside, and on the inside my mother had printed “Happy Valentine’s Day.” Beneath it, scrawled in barely legible handwriting was “Love, Dad.”8910
18Detailed reading11-12Detailed reading11His final card remains on my bulletin board today. It’s a reminder of how special fathers can be and how important it has been to me over the years to know that I had a father who continued a tradition of love with a generosity of spirit, simple acts of understanding and an ability to express happiness over the people in his life.Those things never die, nor does the memory of a man who never stopped being my valentine.12
19Detailed reading—time1 time: v.arrange or set the time at which something happens or is to happene.g.You timed your arrival well; we were just going to have dinner.Collocations:be timed to do sth.be timed for sth.e.g.The train is timed to arrive at 6 o’clock.e.g.The next show is timed for 8 o’clock.
20Detailed reading—time2 Comparisons:ill-timed, well-timed, mistimeill-timed: adj. happening or done at the wrong timewell-timed: adj. happening or done at the most suitable timemistime: v. do something at the wrong time or at an unsuitable time
21Detailed reading—elaborate elaborate: adj.containing a lot of small details or parts that are connected with each other in a complicated waye.g.She made elaborate preparations for the party.The curtains had an elaborate pattern of flowers.Collocation:elaborate plan/notes/excuses, etc.Derivations:elaborate: v.elaborateness: n.Translation:The problem is too elaborate.这个问题太复杂了。
22Detailed reading–fondly fondly: adv.in a way that shows you like someone very much2) in a foolishly hopeful mannere.g.She greeted her old friend fondly.e.g.She fondly imagined that she could pass her examination without working hard.Comparison:lovely: adj. beautiful or attractive; friendly and pleasantDerivations:fond: adj.fondness: n.
23Detailed reading—S_ The traditional holidays… The traditional holidays in our house when I was a child were spent timing elaborate meals around football games. ( Paragraph 1)Explanation:Some of the traditional holidays in the United States are Valentine’s Day (February 14); St. Patrick’ Day (March 17); and Halloween (October 31). In some states, Arbor Day, Bird Day, and Flag Day are school holidays. Child Health Day (the first Monday in October) is widely observed in schools. Many schools and some businesses close on Good Friday.Translation:小时候，我们家的传统节日总是根据足球比赛的时间来准备精美的饭菜。
24Detailed reading2—Question Paragraph 2QuestionsWhat was the narrator’s father? And what was his hobby?The narrator’s father did office work. He was fond of watching football matches.2) Why did the narrator think of her father as her Valentine Man?Because her father chose Valentine’s Day to show his profound affection for her by presenting her with gifts and showing great care for her on that particular day for many years in succession until he passed away.
25Detailed reading3--Question Paragraph 3QuestionWhat does “the magic” mentioned in Paragraph 3 refer to?“The magic” mentioned in Paragraph 3 refers to charm added to the day by the wonderful gifts and the profound affection that the narrator’s father gave her.
26Detailed reading–recollection recollection: n.memory; the power or action of remembering the past; something in one’s memory of the paste.g.I have no recollection of meeting him.Comparison:recollection, collectioncollection: n. a group of things that are put togetherPractice:1)2)A of empty wine bottles stood on the back porch.Her of the events is rather patchy._________collectionrecollection__________Derivation:recollect: v.
27Detailed reading–succession succession: n.happening one after anotherCollocations:in successiona succession ofe.g.She won the championship four times in succession.e.g.A succession of visitors came to the door.Comparisons:succession to the throne, accession to the thronesuccession to the throne: the act of becoming the next king or queenaccession to the throne: the act of becoming king or queen
28Detailed reading– contest contest: n.a struggle to win control or power; a competition, esp. one judged by a group of specially chosen judgese.g.Many beautiful girls from the five continents participated in the Beauty Contest.Comparison:match: n. an organized sports event between two teams or peopleDerivations:contestant: n. someone who competes in a contestcontest: v.
29Detailed reading– cute cute: adj.1) attractive in an amusing or interesting waye.g.What a cute little baby!2) (sometimes derog.) (too) clever; shrewde.g.You must approach her carefully, for she is a cute woman.Synonyms:lovely, pleasantDerivation:cuteness: n.
30Detailed reading– surpass1 surpass: v.exceed; go beyond in amount, degree, or qualitye.g.China wants to catch up with and surpass the developed countries in the world.Collocation:surpass expectations/hopes/dreams: be better than you had expected, hoped, etc.e.g.Her splendid performances surpassed all our expectations.Derivation:surpassing: adj. much better than that of other people or things
31Detailed reading– surpass2 Translation:He surpassed all his rivals.他比所有的对手都强。
32Detailed reading5-Question Paragraph 5QuestionWhat gifts did the narrator’s father give her as she grewolder?As she grew older, the narrator’s father gave her such gifts as heart-shaped boxes filled with her favorite chocolates, which always included a special card signed “Love, Dad.”
33Detailed reading—give way 1) have its place taken bye.g.Steam trains gave way to electric trains.2) agree to do what someone else wants to do, instead of what you wanted to doe.g.He is too stubborn to give way.Comparisons:give away, give ingive in: unwillingly agree to someone’s demands after they have spent a lot of time arguing with you, trying to persuade youe.g.They argued back and forth until finally Buzz gave in.
34Detailed reading–perfunctory perfunctory: adj.(of an action) done hastily and without thought, interest or caree.g.Olivia dismissed him with a perfunctory nod.Antonym:discreet: adj. done or said in a careful wayDerivation:perfunctory: n. someone who is perfunctory
35Detailed reading—S_ That box and its … That box and its contents ushered in a succession of bittersweet memories of my entrance into a world of popularity contests marked by the number of cards received, the teasing about boyfriends/girlfriends and the tender care I gave to the card from the cutest boy in class. (Paragraph 3)Translation:那只箱子以及其中的贺卡礼物勾起了我一连串苦乐交织的回忆：（六岁起，）我开始加入一场场展示受欢迎程度的角逐，最终结果取决于收到贺卡的数量、有关男女朋友的揶揄，以及我给予班中最可爱的男生所赠贺卡的关爱程度。
36Detailed reading—S_ As I grew older… As I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed “Love, Dad. ” (Paragraph 5)Explanation:The affectionate message might be carried by a heart-shaped box of chocolate candies, or by a bouquet of tulips tied with filmy red ribbon.Translation:长大后，我收到的礼物变成了心形的盒子。里面装满了我最喜欢的巧克力，还随附一张很特别的卡片，上面写着“我的心肝，爱你的爸爸”。
37Detailed reading—S_ He never … He never let it show. (Paragraph 6)Paraphrase:He never revealed his feelings.
38Detailed reading-Activity Activity: Making sentencesDirections: Use the following words and expressions to make sentences.elaborate cute fondly recollection succession surpass give way
39Detailed reading—7 Question Paragraph 7QuestionWhy was the job of hand-delivering candy and cards relegated to the U.S. Postal Service?Because the narrator settled down in a rural area, which was far away from where her father lived.
40Detailed reading-- eventually eventually: adv.at last; in the ende.g.After many attempts she eventually managed to get promotion.Comparison:eventfully: adv. in a way that is full of interesting or important eventsDerivations:eventual: adj.eventuality: n. a possible event or result, esp. an unpleasant one
41Detailed reading--deliver deliver: v.take goods, letters, etc. to people’s houses or places of worke.g.Letters are delivered every day.Collocation:deliver sth. toe.g.Could you deliver this letter to the accounts department?Derivations:deliverer: n. someone who takes goods, letters, etc. to people’s houses or places of workdelivery: n. the act of bringing goods, letters, etc. to the person or place they have been sent to
42Detailed reading--relegate relegate: v.put into a lower or worse placee.g.He was relegated to a remote place to do farm work.Comparison:delegate: v. give part of your power or work to someone in a lower positionPractice:1)2)A good manager knows when toTheir football team wasdelegate________relegated_________Derivation:relegation: n.
43Detailed reading--assortment assortment: n.a mixture of different things or of various kinds of the same thinge.g.She has an odd assortment of friends.This is an assortment of sweets.Synonym:collection: n. a group of things that are put togetherDerivation:assorted: adj. of various different kinds
44Detailed reading--scrawl scrawl: v.write in a careless, hurried, awkward, or unskillful waye.g.She scrawled a brief note and handed it to her secretary.Synonym:scribble: v. write something quickly and untidilyPractice:1)2)Don’t on the wall.I his phone number in my address book.______scrawl________scribbledDerivation:scrawl: n. something written in an untidy careless way
45Detailed reading--legible legible: adj.(of handwriting or print) that can be read, esp. easilye.g.Her handwriting was tiny and barely legible.Antonym:illegibleDerivation:legibility: n.
46Detailed reading—S_ Never in ten … Never in ten years was my father’s package late nor was it on the Valentine’s Day eight years ago when I reached into the mailbox to find a card addressed to me in my mother’s handwriting. (Paragraph 7)Translation:10年中，我父亲的包裹总是准时寄到，即使在8年前的情人节，也是如此。那天，我把手伸进邮箱，拿到的是一张寄给我的卡片，上面是我母亲的笔记。
47Detailed reading—S_ It was the kind of… It was the kind of card that put a lump in your throat and teas in your eyes because you knew the person no longer was to go out and buy a real valentine. (Paragraph 9)Translation:这是张能让人喉咙哽咽、泪水盈眶的贺卡，因为当你看到它时，你明白这个人再也无法出门给你买情人节贺卡了。
48Detailed reading-8-10 Question Paragraphs 8-10QuestionHow did the writer describe the final card she received from her dying father?It was an ordinary-looking card, but full of her dying father's year-long affection for her which could move the author into tears.
49Detailed reading—11-12 Question Paragraphs 11-12Questions1) Why does her father’s final card still remain on her bulletin board today?It’s a reminder of her father, being special and important for her years long.2) Would you please paraphrase the concluding part?It is something that makes me remember how particularly great fathers can be and how valuable and influential it has been to me over the years to have such a loving father. Those things will always live in my heart, and the same is true of the memory with my father on Valentine’s Day.
50Detailed reading-reminder reminder: n.something that reminds you of something that happened in the pastCollocation:reminder of sth.e.g.Her disability remains as a perpetual reminder of the war years.Comparison:remembrance: n. a memory that you have of a person or eventDerivation:remind: v.
51Detailed reading-generosity 1 generosity: n.willingness to give money, time, etc. in order to help or please someonee.g.People admire him for his diligence, friendliness, and generosity.Antonym:miserlinessDerivation:generous: adj.
52Detailed reading-generosity2 Translation:His generosity claims our respect.他的慷慨值得我们尊敬。以德服人convince by kindness or generosity
53Detailed reading-Activity Activity: Write a love storyDirections: Work in groups of three or four. Write a love story of no more than 500 words, which is supposed to happen on Valentine’s Day. You should use the following words and expressions in your story.elaborate fondly recollection successioncute surpass give way perfunctory eventually deliver scrawl legible reminder generosity
55Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningthink of as = regard as 认为，把……当作e.g.Crying is always thought of as the nature of women. 人们总认为哭是女人的天性。You can’t think of him as a friend but a business associate.你不能把他当做朋友，他只是你的生意伙伴。
56Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningusher in = be the beginning of 引进，开创e.g.The manager ushered in a series of reform.经理开创了一系列的改革。The change of the president ushers in new ideas and policies.新总统的上台带来了新的理念和政策。
57Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningmore of = to a greater degree 更e.g.Piracy is becoming more and more of a problem in China.隐私在中国已日益成为一个问题。He is more of an athlete than his brother.他比他兄弟更适合当运动员。
58Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison1.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 1careful: if you are careful, you give serious attention towhat you are doing, in order to avoid harm,damage, or mistakese.g.We had to be very careful not to be seen.elaborate: containing a lot of careful details or manydetailed partse.g.They are making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.
59Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison1.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 1conscientious: careful to do everything that it is yourjob or duty to doe.g.A conscientious teacher may feel inclined to take work home.conscious: if you are conscious of something, you noticeit or realize that it is happeninge.g.I had to make a conscious effort not to be rude to him.
60Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 2create: when someone creates a new product or process,they invent it or design ite.g.It is really great for a radio producer to create a show like this.produce: to bring something or bring something intoexistencee.g.France produces a great deal of wine for export.
61Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison2.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 2make: to cause an object to exist, for example, byputting the different parts of it togethere.g.I’m going to show you how to make a box.invent: if you invent something such as a machine orprocess, you are the first person to think of it ormake ite.g.He invented the first electric clock.
62Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison3.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 3eventually: in the end, especially after a long time or alot of effort, problems, etc.e.g.Although she had been ill for a long time, it still came as a shock when she eventually died.lastly: used when telling someone the last thing at theend of a list or a series of statementse.g.Lastly, could I ask all of you to keep this information secret?
63Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison3.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 3finally: you use “finally” to suggest that somethinghappens after a long period of time, usually laterthan you wanted or expected it to happene.g.Finally, after ten hours of negotiations, the gunman gave himself up.at last: finallye.g.I’ve finished my essay at last.
64Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison4.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 4usher: to help someone to get from one place to another,especially by showing them the waye.g.He ushered her into the room.guide: if you guide someone around a city, museum, orbuilding, you show it to them and explain points ofintereste.g.There will be guided walks around the site.
65Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison4.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 4introduce: to put something into use, operation or aplace for the first timee.g.The smaller 10 pence coin was introduced in 1992.display: to show something to people, or put it in a placewhere people can see it easilye.g.All the exam results will be displayed on the notice board.
66Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison5.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 5aging: someone or something that is aging is becomingolder and less healthy or efficiente.g.John lives with his aging mother.old: used to describe or ask about someone’s agee.g.He’s a couple of years older than me.
67Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison5.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 5aged: very olde.g.She nurses her aged mother.elderly: you use “elderly” as a polite way of saying thatsomeone is olde.g.Many of those most affected are elderly.
68Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison6.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 6continue: to keep happening, existing or doing something,or to cause something to so thise.g.It’s said that the boat went down, but the band continued to play.remaining: the remaining people or things are those thatare left when the others have gone, or beendealt withe.g.The few remaining guests were in the kitchen.
69Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison6.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 6persist: if something undesirable persists, it continues toexiste.g.These problems persisted for much of the decade.maintain: to continue to have; to keep in existence, ornot allow to become lesse.g.The army has been brought in to maintain order in the region.
70Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison7.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 7address: if a letter, envelope, or parcel is addressed to you, your name and address have been written on ite.g.Applications should be addressed to: The business affairs editor.deliver: to take goods, letters, parcels, etc. to people’s houses or places of worke.g.Mail is delivered to our office twice a day.
71Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison7.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 7send: to arrange for something to go or be taken to another place, especially by poste.g.Lyn sent some pictures from the wedding.signal: to show that you intend or are ready to do somethinge.g.The union has signaled that the workers will strike.
72Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison8.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 8reminder: a person or thing which makes you remember a particular person, event or situatione.g.This has been a timely reminder of the need for constant care.caution: the quality of being very carefully to avoid danger or riskse.g.We urged caution.
73Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison8.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGroup 8notice: information or a warning given about something that is going to happen in the futuree.g.The next time you visit, can you give me more notice?remainder: the remainder of a group are the things or people that still remain after the other things or people have gone or have been dealt withe.g.Nine people came in and the remainder stayed outside.
74Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGive synonyms or antonyms of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.The traditional holidays in our house when I was a child were spent timing elaborate meals around football games.Synonyms:rich, well-prepared, complicated, complex2. My father tried to make pleasant chitchat and eat as much as he could during half time.Antonyms:unpleasant, displeasing, disagreeable, bitter, nasty
75Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening3. I don’t know whether it was because work at the office slowed during February or because the football season was over.Synonyms:slacken, decelerate4. Over the years I fondly thought of him as my “Valentine Man.”Antonyms:coldly, bitterly, hatefully, spitefully
76Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening5. … the tender care I gave to the card from the cutestboy in class.Synonyms:lovely, lovable, attractive6. I remember wearing that ring with a pride that all the cards in the world could not surpass.Antonyms:shame, disgrace, humiliation
77Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening7. In those years my thank-yous became more of a perfunctory response.Synonyms:indifferent, half-hearted, thoughtless8. I had a father who continued a tradition of love with a generosity of spirit.Antonyms:selfishness, greediness, meanness
78Consolidation Activities- Word derivation1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.1. We must have your answer tonight at the latest. (insist)We insist on having your answer tonight at the latest.2. My father is going to lend me his car tonight. (borrow)My father is gong to let me borrow his car tonight.
79Consolidation Activities- Word derivation2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.3. We see it as a wonderful opportunity. (look)We look upon it as a wonderful opportunity.4. You don’t mean to say you want a fifth ice cream, do you? (surely)You surely don’t want a fifth ice cream, do you?
80Consolidation Activities- Word derivation3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.5. There is almost nothing in the house to eat tonight. (hardly)There is hardly anything in the house to eat tonight.6. The bank now owns this block of flats. (belong)This block of flats now belongs to the bank.
81Consolidation Activities- Word derivation4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.7. Is it really advisable to freeze this sort of food? (should)Should we really freeze this sort of food?8. There’s no need to telephone me when you arrive. (bother)Don’t bother to telephone me when you arrive.
82Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- advocate 1.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeninginsist v.demand sth. should happen 坚决要求，坚持e.g.They insisted that everyone should come to the meeting.insist on / upon sth.e.g.The girl insisted on checking everything herself.
83Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningborrow v.get temporarily 借，借入e.g.They are poor but they never borrow money from others.
84Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 3.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeninglook v.perceive with attention 看e.g.Look at the blackboard please.look upon/on = regard ase.g.We look upon it as a very promising attempt.
85Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 4.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningsurely adv.certainly, definitely 稳当地，无疑地e.g.I surely need your support and trust.
86Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 5.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeninghardly adv.almost not 几乎不e.g.The children in the family hardly watch TV.
87Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 6.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningbelong to:be owned by 属于e.g.I think the toy must belong to that girl.
88Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 7.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningshould aux.will, need to 应该，将要e.g.All kids should be taken good care of.
89Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 8.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningbother to:(usually used in the negative form) to cause inconvenience or discomfort to 费心，麻烦……e.g.It’s no bother to me. And I'll be glad to do it.
90Consolidation Activities- Vocabulary main GrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningReal and unreal conditionalsIt + be + … + that
91Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningWith real conditionals, there is a chance that the condition will be fulfilled; with unreal conditional there is no such chance.e.g.If he arrives on time, he will be able to go with us. (Real condition)If he had arrived on time, he would have been able to go with us. (Unreal condition)If I were (was) you, I would be careful. (Unreal condition).
92Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningConditional sentences have two clauses. Real conditionals:If clause: present tense Result clause: future tenseIf you eat too much ice cream,you’ll get sick.
93Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningUnreal Conditions — present:If clause: simple pastResult clause: would or could + base form of verbIf I had more time, I’d do exercises everyday.If you were rich, you could buy a large house in the suburbs.
94Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningUnreal Conditions — past:If clause: past perfectResult clause: would have + past participleIf Ronald had stayed in school,he would have gotten a better job.
95Consolidation Activities- Grammar _P1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice:Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.1.2.3.What (happen) if I press this button?If the story hadn’t been true, the newspaper(not print) it.I (not buy) things on the installment system if I were you.will happen_____________________________wouldn’t have printedwouldn’t buy____________
96Consolidation Activities- Grammar_P2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice:Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.4.5.6.If he’d taken his doctor’s advice he(not die).She’ll lose weight if she (go) on a diet.If I were you, I (not believe) his story.wouldn’t have died_________________goes___________________wouldn’t believe
97Consolidation Activities- Grammar_POP1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningIn a real conditional, when talking about the future, the verb in the if-clause is in the present tense while that in the main clause is in the future tense.
98Consolidation Activities- Grammar_POP2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningIn an unreal conditional, we use “if + past perfect” and “would + have done” in the main clause when we talk about something in the past.
99Consolidation Activities- Grammar_POP3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningIn an unreal conditional, we use a past tense in the if-clause and “would do” in the main clause when we talk about present or future situations.
100Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningSentences introduced by “It is” or “It was” are often used to emphasize a specific subject or object. The introductory clause is then followed by a relative pronoun. “It + be + … + that” can be used to highlight the subject, object, adverbial of time, place, manner, cause.
101Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeninge.g.It is Jenny who spends all her money on shoes. (subject)It is shoes that Jenny spends all her money on. (object)It was in London that he met his first wife. (place)It was only when he phoned that I realized what had happened. (time)It is learning English that I find most enjoyable nowadays. (gerund action)
102Consolidation Activities- Grammar_ P1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice:Highlight the underlined parts in the following sentences using “it + be + … + that.”1. I put them into the soil the day my first son was born.It was on the day my first son was born that I put them into the soil.2. We reached Istanbul by train.It was by train that we reached Istanbul.
103Consolidation Activities- Grammar_ P2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening3. He’s feeling unwell because he’s been working too hard.It is because he’s been working too hard that he’s feeling unwell.4. The awful weather drives him crazy.It is the awful weather that drives him crazy.
104Consolidation Activities- Grammar_ P3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening5. We get light and heat from the sun.It is from the sun that we get light and heat.6. I understood the true state of affairs not until I had read your letter.It was not until I had read your letter that I understood the true state of affairs.
105Consolidation Activities- Translation1.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening1. 索菲亚委婉地取笑汤姆那顶新帽子，而汤姆不顾情面地对她的卷发嘲弄了一番。( tease sb. about)If you tease sb. about something, you make fun of sb., esp. by making him believe sth. that is untrue, or you dig dirt about sb., or mock or joke about sb.Sophia teased Tom about his new hat mildly, but Tom teased her curly hair unmercifully.
106Consolidation Activities- Translation1.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice：别的男孩经常拿他的口音取笑。The other boys used to tease him about his accent.每当有人对乔的体重开玩笑时。他就勃然发怒。Whenever anyone teases Joe about his weight, he sees red.我们经常取笑约翰的秃头，但他并不见怪。We often tease John about his bald head but he takes it in good part.
107Consolidation Activities- Translation2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening2. 他痛哭不已，我设法劝他不要过度悲伤。( give way to)If you give way to sb. or sth., you move in order to make room for them.He kept crying bitterly, and I tried to persuade him not to give way to grief.
108Consolidation Activities- Translation2.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice：当两辆汽车在路上相遇时，双方司机必须相互礼让通行。When two cars pass each other, both drivers should politely give way to each other.在激烈的竞争下，市场需要往往会让位于竞争需要。In a highly competitive environment, the needs of the market usually give way to the need for competition.暴风雨过后一定是灿烂的阳光。你的暴风雨也会过去。你的难题终将解决。Storms always give way to the sun. Your storm will pass. Your problem will be solved.
109Consolidation Activities- Translation3.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening3. 我想当然地认为你想要看这出戏，所以给你买了一张票。(take for granted)If you take sth. for granted, you accept without question or objection; or you use, accept, or treat it in a careless or indifferent manner.I took it for granted that you would like to see the play, so I bought you a ticket.
110Consolidation Activities- Translation3.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice：我们把每个人都应该有受教育的机会视为理所当然。We take it for granted that everyone should have the chance of being educated.他意大利语说得极好，所以我就理所当然地把他当做土生土长的意大利人。I took it for granted that he was a native Italian because he spoke Italian so well.
111Consolidation Activities- Translation4.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening4. 当我告诉她那个消息时，不知道为什么自己喉咙哽咽起来。(a lump in one’s throat)If there is a lump in your throat, you have a tight or uncomfortable feeling in the throat, as a reaction to an emotion.I don’t know why telling her the news brought a lump in my throat.
112Consolidation Activities- Translation4.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPractice：当我看到她受苦时，心里感到特别不好受。I got a lump in my throat on seeing her suffer.当我听到她与病魔斗争的故事时，我的喉咙哽咽了。I felt a lump in my throat on hearing her story of fighting with the illness.
114Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills_1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningDictationYou will hear a passage read three times. At the first reading, you should listen carefully for its general idea. At the second reading, you are required to write down the exact words you have just heard (with proper punctuation). At the third reading, you should check what you have written down.
115skills_2VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningDictationI believe my father is a talented man. / He is decisive and efficient in doing things. / By his own talents and efforts, / he has secured for the family a good social position / and a comparatively rich life. / People of all fields come to my house, / and from them I have gained lots of valuable social experience / and seen a lot of joys and sorrows of the world. /But at home he is a harsh parent. / He has high expectations of me. / When I am idling away my time, / I can see that it hurts him deeply. / When I am doing something great, / such as writing a book, / he is more than excited. / With such a father, / I always remind myself that I must go on and on, never give up.
116Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills_2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningFill in each blank in the passage below with ONEword you think appropriate.People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and____love______sender_______whether___out______letting
117Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills_2.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningbrigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10). Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!____tend__as________believed_____which__all
118Consolidation Activities- Hints1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a word meaning “affectionate” .People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper andlove__________senderwhether__________out______letting
119Consolidation Activities- Hints2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningthe person who sends the messagePeople in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper andlove__________senderwhether__________out______letting
120Consolidation Activities- Hints3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a word to include the all places mentioned.People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper andlove__________senderwhether__________out______letting
121Consolidation Activities- Hints4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a preposition meaning “from”.People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper andlove__________senderwhether__________out______letting
122Consolidation Activities- Hints5 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a verb meaning “release”.People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper andlove__________senderwhether__________out______letting
123Consolidation Activities- Hints6 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a verb meaning “incline”.brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10). Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!____tend__as________believedwhich_______all
124Consolidation Activities- Hints7 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a preposition meaning “like”.brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10). Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!____tend__as________believedwhich_______all
125Consolidation Activities- Hints8 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHere you can use a word meaning “accept as true”.brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10). Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!____tend__as________believedwhich_______all
126Consolidation Activities- Hints9 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningWhich kind of bird it is?brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10). Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!____tend__as________believedwhich_______all
127Consolidation Activities- Hints10 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningThe sentence is negative, and “not at all” is a regular collocation.brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10). Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!____tend__as________believedwhich_______all
128Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_ main VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGiving a talkHaving a discussion
129Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_1.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningGiving a talkImagine that you are the writer’s father, and now you are seriously ill, knowing that you will not have long to live. Now try to recall how you have spent all the Valentine’s Days in your life, especially how you have shown your love for your daughter on this day during various stages of her life. You may find the following outline helpful for your recounting:
130Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_1.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening— When I was young, I was usually very busy with myoffice work. I could hardly find time to spend with mykids. However …— I still remember the first Valentine gift I gave to mydaughter, when she was six, was a ring …— As she grew older, the small gifts were replaced by …Somehow I felt that in her heart I was replaced too …— When she moved away from home and started a lifeof her own, I …— Now Valentine’s Day is drawing near. This is probablythe last time I will send her a card …
131Consolidation Activities- For your reference_1.3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningA reference for the talk:— When I was young, I was usually very busy with myoffice work. I could hardly find time to spend with mykids. However, I would choose Valentine’s Day to showmy love for them, especially my daughter. She is sospecial and precious to me. I would give her somelovely gifts as a surprise.— I still remember the first Valentine gift I gave to mydaughter, when she was six, was a ring with a smallpiece of red glass to represent her birthstone, a ruby. Icould see how happy she was, because she always worethat ring with a pride that all the other gifts in theworld could not surpass.
132Consolidation Activities- For your reference_1.4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening— As she grew older, the small gifts were replaced byheart-shaped boxes filled with her favoritechocolates. Somehow I felt that in her heart I wasreplaced too. I could see she was a littledisappointed because at her age, she really hopedthat the gifts were given by “significant others”.“Love, Dad” just didn’t seem quite enough.— When she moved away from home and started a lifeof her own, I kept sending Valentine’s cards to her.The package would come to her on time every year. Iknew she had found “significant others”, but I wassure she would be happy to receive two Valentine’sgifts.—
133Consolidation Activities- For your reference_1.5 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening— Now Valentine’s Day is drawing near. This isprobably the last time I will send her a card. I decideto put my words in the card, saying “Dear little girl,you are our princess. You are so important andspecial to me and your mother. If you need me, I willalways be your “Valentine’s Man.”—
134Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningHaving a discussionDiscuss, in a group of four or five students, the modern tendency that many young people in China nowadays seem to be crazy about western holidays and festivals. Voice your ideas frankly, and then work out a list of the pros and cons. Let one of you present your group’s opinions on the issue to the class.
135Consolidation Activities- For your reference_2.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningViewpoints for reference:—I think celebrating western holidays and festivals is acceptable. This is an age of cultural exchanges. We should know the western cultures. Celebrating those holidays is one way. For example, from the celebration of Christmas Day and Easter, we learn some western religions, customs or traditions. On the other hand, some western holidays are quite humanistic. Celebrations of holidays such as Mother’s Day and Thanksgiving Day, which we do not have in China, are an advocate of showing love and appreciation to the people who love and help us. Personally speaking, I am quite supportive of the two days.
136Consolidation Activities- For your reference_2.3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening—I worry about the craze. Sometimes people are so crazy about western holidays and festivals that they ignore or forget Chinese traditional festivals. Gradually, those Chinese festivals may vanish. Nowadays, a lot of young men prefer exchanging gifts at Christmas to paying a visit to relatives at Spring Festival. Many people celebrate Valentine’s Day while they totally forget in China we have the Lover Festival (The Seventh Evening of the Seventh Moon) which originated from a beautiful legend. Chinese culture is unique with a long history. What I hope is, when we show our respect for foreign cultures, we can still cherish and pass on our own ones. This is our responsibility.
137Consolidation Activities- Writing_ main VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningStringy sentencePractice
138Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningStringy sentences are sentences in which too many clauses are connected. Thus, they seem to be endless. They would be easier to read and understand if they were broken up into separate clauses. To avoid stringy sentences, we can use division, subordination, combination or phrases.
139Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningA. DivisionBy division, it is to divide the original sentence into several sentences. Division is employed when the clauses in the original sentence are of equal importance.Example:Stringy:He went to a law school, and then he joined a law firm in Miami, and we seldom saw each other anymore.Revised:He went to a law school and joined a law firm in Miami. We seldom saw each other anymore.[Separate the original sentence into two.]
140Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningB. SubordinationBy subordination, it is to change some clauses into subordinate clauses, if they are of less importance.Example:Stringy:Miss Lambert was on a diet, and she was hungry, and Mr. Pym offered her a piece of cake, and she could not resist it.Revised:Although she was on a diet, Miss Lambert could not resist the piece of cake that Mr. Pym offered her because she was hungry.[Change all the clauses have been changed into subordinate clauses, except for the second one.]
141Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningC. PhrasePhrases can be used to substitute the clauses in the original sentence.Example:Stringy:Many students attend classes all morning and they work all afternoon and then they have to study at night so they are usually exhausted by the weekend.Revised:After attending classes all morning, working all afternoon, and studying at night, many students are exhausted by the weekend.[Substitute the first three clauses with participle phrases.]
142Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.5 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningD. CombinationAll the techniques mentioned above can be combined to revise a stringy sentence.Example:Stringy:The rains had been heavy in the spring, and the lake was filling up, and some of my friends were thinking about fishing in the stream, and other friends were thinking about getting out their sailboats.Revised:Because the rains had been heavy in the spring and the lake was filling up, my friends were thinking either about fishing in the stream or about getting out their sailboats.[Change the first two clauses into a subordinate clause, and the last one into a prepositional phrase.]
143Consolidation Activities- Writing_P1.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPracticeImprove the following stringy sentences by any method or combination of methods.1. We must accept the facts and our enormous energy requirements, but it is also important not to forget that attempts to economize on safety provisions in such hazardous industries result in increased risks, and these increased risks may result in terrible tragedy, even in disasters whose consequences exceed national boundaries, although it is certainly true that a nuclear power station working safely, without accident, is ecologically one of the cleanest of all industrial plants.
144Consolidation Activities- Writing_P1.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRevised:We must accept the facts and our enormous energy requirements, but it is also important not to forget that attempts to economize on safety provisions risks. And these increased risks may result in terrible tragedy, even in disasters whose consequences exceed national boundaries. It is certainly true, however, that a nuclear power station working safely, without accident, is ecologically one of the cleanest of all industrial plants.[The original sentence is divided into three sentences.]
145Consolidation Activities- Writing_P2.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening2. Whether it is deceiving yourself or deceiving others, deception requires much time and energy and because deception never really achieves anything of value, it is a great waste of your precious life and resources, but instead, you’d better put that time and energy into successfully dealing with the truth, because after all, you’ll have to deal with it eventually, and the sooner you begin the more you’ll be able to accomplish.
146Consolidation Activities- Writing_P2.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRevised:Whether it is deceiving yourself or deceiving others, deception requires much time and energy. And because deception never really achieves anything of value, it is a great waste of your precious life and resources. Instead, you’d better put that time and energy into successfully dealing with the truth. After all, you’ll have to deal with it eventually, and the sooner you begin, the more you’ll be able to accomplish.[The original sentence is divided into four sentences.]
147Consolidation Activities- Writing_P3.1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening3. Giving is more than merely offering objects and when you give, give your time, your attention, your love, compassion, consideration, patience and respect and give a part of yourself, and you will not ever lose it, because that part of you takes on greater influence and value as it touches other lives beyond your own.
148Consolidation Activities- Writing_P3.2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningRevised:Giving is more than merely offering objects. When you give, give your time, your attention, your love, compassion, consideration, patience and respect. Give a part of yourself, and you will not ever lose it. That part of you takes on greater influence and value as it touches other lives beyond your own.[The original sentence is divided into four sentences.]
149Consolidation Activities- Writing_P4 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListening4. Almost every high school student wants to go to college, and tension and anxiety build to a ridiculous point in college candidates, and this spoils their final year in high school.Revised:As almost every high school student wants to go to college, tension and anxiety build to a ridiculous point in college candidates, spoiling their final year in high school.[The first clause is changed into a subordinate clause and the last clause into a participle phrase.]
150Consolidation Activities- Listening_ A1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningValentine’s DayYou are going to hear a short passage about the origin of Valentine’s Day and how people celebrate it.A. Listen to Part A first, and supply the missing information.Date of observance:“Valentines”:a decorated witha box ofa tied with____________February 14th____________________hearts, flowers orbirds____________romantic cardheart-shapedchocolate candies___________________________bouquet of flowers_________________________red ribbon
151Consolidation Activities- Listening_ A2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningMessages:BeWillMy Valentine___________My Sweetheart_____________My Lover________you be my valentine?__________________Signatures:anonymousSymbols:Cupid — Romanof loveheart_________Guess whoGod of Love_______________arrow
152Consolidation Activities- Listening_B1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningB. Now listen to Part B, and fill in the blanks with what you hear.It is from the Christians that weabout Valentine’s Day that most people have. One story is about whose name was “Valentine.” He lived At that time the Roman Emperor Claudiusany Roman soldiers for any reason whatsoever. So many Roman soldiers.Together with their girls, they came to Valentine to in a Christian way.get the stories_____________come tobelieve______________________a Christian priest_____________around 250 AD______________refused to allowto get married_____________turned toChristianity___________________________be married secretly
153Consolidation Activities- Listening_B2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningLater Valentine was and by the Roman Emperor. One tradition says that heto his friends by and thenthe window of his prison. The leaves were_________discoveredput in prison___________wrote notes__________________________marking on leavesthrowing them out________________shaped like a heart________________
154Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningValentine’s DayPart AFebruary 14th is a complicated but interesting holiday. First of all, Valentine’s Day is not a holiday from work. No one gets a day off. On Valentine’s Day people usually send romantic cards to someone they love. The cards are called valentines. They are very colorful, often decorated with hearts, flowers or birds, and have humorous or sentimental verses printed inside. The basic message of the verse is always “Be My Valentine,” “Be My Sweetheart” or “Be My Lover.” Besides cards, a valentine could also be a heart-shaped box of chocolate candies, or a bouquet of flowers tied with red ribbon.
155Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningBut in whatever form, the message is always the same — “Will you be my valentine?” A valentine may be anonymous, or sometimes signed “Guess who.” The person receiving it has to guess who sent it. This can lead to interesting speculation. And that’s half the fun of valentines.One of the symbols of St. Valentine’s Day is the Roman God of Love, called Cupid. Cupid is often printed on the card, a winged naked infant, poised to shoot his arrow into a heart. He would shoot an arrow of love into a person’s heart to make the person fall in love immediately, maybe with the first person to come along.
156Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop3 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningSometimes one arrow would go through two hearts, holding them together. So on February 14th not only do we have a picture of the Christian St. Valentine but we also have pictures of the non-Christian Cupid, the Roman God of Love.
157Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop1 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningPart BIt is from the Christians that we get the stories about Valentine’s Day that most people have come to believe. One story is about a Christian priest whose name was “Valentine.” He lived around 250 AD. At that time the Roman Emperor Claudius refused to allow any Roman soldiers to get married for any reason whatsoever. So many Roman soldiers turned to Christianity. Together with their girls, they came to Valentine to be married secretly in a Christian way.
158Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop2 VocabularyGrammarTranslationIntegrated skillsOral activitiesWritingListeningLater Valentine was discovered and put in prison by the Roman Emperor. One tradition says that he wrote notesto his friends by marking on leaves and then throwing them out the window of his prison. The leaves were shaped like a heart.There are many favorite lyrics of Valentine’s Day. Here is one of them: Let me call you sweetheart, I’m in love with you. Let me hear you whisper, that you love me, too. Keep the love light shining, in your eyes so true. Let me call you sweetheart, I’m in love with you.
159Section Five Further Enhancement Text IIMemorable quotesLead-in QuestionsTextQuestions for discussion
160Lead-in questions Lead-in Questions Text IIMemorable quotesLead-in QuestionsHave you ever been confined by illness? What does itfeel like?2. What kind of support does a patient with incurable disease need?
161Text1 MAKE TODAY COUNT Orville E. Kelly 1 Text IIMemorable quotesMAKE TODAY COUNTOrville E. Kelly1Soon after the first chemotherapy treatment, I asked Wanda to help me clean up the studio. The desk, the bookcases, and the typewriter were deep in dust, but we finally managed to make the room spotless. I hadn’t written anyting for a long while. Now I began to write again. One of my first pieces was about a Christmas I remembered. I was seven years old, it was during theGreat Depression, and we were living on a run-down farm. In times as hard as those, I didn’t think I would get any presents. A blizzard had developed on Christmas Eve,
162Text2Text IIMemorable quotesand I had snuggled into a featherbed to keep warm, praying that I would get just a little something for Christmas. When I woke the next morning and went downstairs, I found a decorated Christmas tree in the front room, and underneath it, a pair of lace-up boots, a red fire engine, and a sack of candy.“I have seen many other snowfalls,” I wrote, “but for some reason I always remember that night when the blizzard came on Christmas Eve. Whenever I see the snow coming down and hear the wind begin to howl, I remember a dream that came true.”2
163Text3Text IIMemorable quotesI submitted the story to the local Burlington newspaper — the Hawk Eye — for a winter writing contest and received a first prize for it. That was my first Christmas present of the year. And others came, too. Wanda and I had only a little money, although we had been able to make ends meet with the Social Security disability payments and Veterans Administration checks we had been receiving. But Christmas 1973 turned out to be one of the warmest our family ever had, thanks to the generosity of a few friends, particularly those at the factory where Wanda had worked. We received cash,3
164Text4Text IIMemorable quoteshams, turkeys, and countless boxes of candy. Wanda bought a few presents for the children. Most important, the entire family was together.The day after Christmas, I decided it was time for me to write about the struggles of a cancer patient. Before I knew that I had cancer, I had thought of it as similar toleprosy — a disease that rotted people slowly — and visibly away. Life with cancer didn’t have to be that way, and I wanted people to know this. Of course, I didn’t have all the answers, but I wanted to show that cancer could be approached with openness, and that dying people did4
165Text5Text IIMemorable quoteshave something to live for. Although I had read about all the money being spent on cancer research, I had heard very little about the emotional rehabilitation of cancer patients and their families. The void was obvious. No matter how the problem of cancer is handled in a family, all the members of the family are bound to be affected in some way.I spent two days writing and editing the piece. “Once,” I wrote in it, “I asked how there could be a God who would let so many terrible things happen. Now I ask myself how I can doubt the existence of God ... when I5
166Text6Text IIMemorable quoteshear a child’s laughter on a summer evening, or see around me the miracle of life itself. I realize this is life and I am part of it. I know there has to be a God. When I think to myself how lucky I was to have such an understanding person as my wife, Wanda, I know good things happen. When someone does a kind thing for me, I know this is all part of this miracle of living. ”“On Christmas a Burlington woman called to tell me her husband had been told recently he had lung cancer. She wanted to know if I would come to their house and talk to him. He felt he would like to just sit down and talk to someone with the same problems he had.”6
167Text7Text IIMemorable quotes“The thought came to me that there should be some kind of organization of people with incurable diseases. These people could help each other, and I am going to work on this ...”I sent the story to the Hawk Eye, and the editors decided to use it in the Sunday, January 6 edition. The story was carried on Page 2, along with a picture of me looking out from our back porch and another of me taking my pills. The day the story appeared, I received several telephone calls from other cancer patients, telling me how strongly they supported my idea of forming an organization. So I arranged for a gathering at the local78
168Text8Text IIMemorable quotesElks Club on January 25. With the help of a little publicity from the local newspaper, eighteen cancer patients and members of their families, including Wanda and me, met that night in the upstairs meeting room.One of the first things I told the group was that I didn’t think we were there to cry on one another’s shoulders. We weren’t there to find out who was the most seriously ill. We were there to share our mutual problems and to try to work them out so that we could live as close to normal lives as possible. We went around the table introducing ourselves and telling our stories as a9
169Text9Text IIMemorable quotesway to break the ice. After some discussion, we decided we should try to get together once a month to talk with one another and to listen to speakers who could help us face our illnesses.Several days before the meeting, it occurred to me that if we were going to start a group, we ought to have a name. I had three suggestions: Live Each Day Fully; Live for Today; or Make Today Count.When I put the suggestions to a vote, the other seventeen hands were raised in support of my choice.The vote was for Make Today Count.101112
170Text1 –Make Today…Text IIMemorable quotesMake Today Count (Title): We should live each day with a gentleness, a vigor, and a keenness of appreciation.
171Text1 –chemotherapy treatment… Text IIMemorable quoteschemotherapy treatment (Paragraph 1): treatment of disease with drugs that directly poison the disease organism. Chemotherapy most often refers to cancer treatment, where powerful drugs with potentially severe side effects are used to eliminate or contain the spread of tumors.
172Text1 –Great Depression … Text IIMemorable quotesGreat Depression (Paragraph 1): the worst and longest economic collapse in the history of the modern industrial world, lasting from the end of 1929 until the early 1940s. Beginning in the United States, the depression spread to most of the world’s industrial countries. The Great Depression saw rapid declines in the production and sale of goods and a sudden, severe rise in unemployment. Businesses and banks closed their doors, people lost their jobs, homes, and savings, and many depended on charity to survive.
173Text1 – Christmas Eve…Text IIMemorable quotesChristmas Eve (Paragraph 1): 24 December, the day before Christmas Day, when all preparations for Christmas are complete and when almost everyone starts a holiday of several days. It is a traditional time for parties, and many workplaces, including shops and banks, close earlier than usual. In the late evening, many people go to a church service, and children, on going to bed, traditionally hang up an old sock at the head of their bed for Santa Claus to fill with presents during the night. This role is actually played by the child’s parents.
174Text2–Christmas tree…Text IIMemorable quotesChristmas tree (Paragraph 1): The Christmas tree had its origin in Germany. German immigrants took the Christmas tree to other parts of Europe and to the United States and Canada, where it soon became a popular tradition. It is now the centre of interest at most Christmas celebrations. Decorating the tree is part of the Christmas festivities.
175Text3–Burlington …Text IIMemorable quotesBurlington (Paragraph 3): a city in northwestern Vermont, located on Lake Champlain
176Text3- make ends meet…Text IIMemorable quotesmake ends meet (Paragraph 3): have just enough money to buy what one needse.g.Since Mike lost his job, we can hardly make ends meet.
177Text3-Social Security … Text IIMemorable quotesSocial Security (Paragraph 3): public programs designed to provide income and services to individuals in the event of retirement, sickness, disability, death, or unemployment
178Text3- Veterans Administration Text IIMemorable quotesVeterans Administration (Paragraph 3): an independent government agency established in 1930 to administer national benefits for veterans. It was replaced by the Department of Veterans Affairs in 1989.
179Text4-turkeysText IIMemorable quotesturkeys (Paragraph 3): A traditional midday meal (Christmas dinner) is eaten on Christmas Day. It usually includes roast turkey and Christmas pudding with mince pies, and is accompanied by wine. Roast turkey is stuffed with a bread dressing to absorb the tasty juices as it roasts.
180Text4-Most importantText IIMemorable quotesMost important, the entire family was together. (Paragraph 3): Christmas in the United States is a family festival. “Going home for Christmas” is a cherished custom and no distance seems too great if it enables one to join the family circle for the holiday. Parents welcome home their children and grandchildren and often open their doors to friends and strangers.
181Text4-leprosyText IIMemorable quotesleprosy (Paragraph 4): a tropical disease that mainly affects the skin and nerves, and can cause tissue change. Leprosy (麻风病) is transmitted following close personal contact and has a long incubation period. It can now be cured if treated with a combination of drugs.
182Text5- emotional rehabilitation Text IIMemorable quotesemotional rehabilitation (Paragraph 4): helping sb. to live a healthy, useful, or active life again after they have been seriously ill
183Text5-are bound toText IIMemorable quotesare bound to (Paragraph 4): are certain or extremely likely toe.g.In a group as big as this, you are bound to get occasional disagreements.
184Text7-porchText IIMemorable quotesporch (Paragraph 8): an open area with a floor and a roof, often made of wood, fixed to the side of a house on the ground floor
185Text9-break the iceText IIMemorable quotesbreak the ice (Paragraph 9): make people who have just met each other less nervous and more willing to talk, for example at a party or meetinge.g.Sharon tried to break the ice by suggesting that we all play a game.
186Text9-it occurred to me that Text IIMemorable quotes..., it occurred to me that ... (Paragraph 10): ..., it suddenly came into my mind that ...e.g.It suddenly occurred to me that we could use a computer to do the job.
187Questions for discussion1 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussionWhat can we infer from the author’s description of a Christmas about the damaging effect of the Great Depression on American farmers?The Great Depression was devastating to American farmers and their families. Many people lacked adequate food, shelter, and clothing.
188Questions for discussion2 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion2. What memories of childhood come alive againwhenever the author sees the snow coming down?Afflicted by the Great Depression, his family lived in poverty. On Christmas Eve, he prayed that he would get just a little present for Christmas and his dream came true the next morning.
189Questions for discussion3 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion3. What do we know about the author and his family life?He had served in the armed forces. He or his wife was a disabled person. They lived mainly on the money received from the government.
190Questions for discussion4 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion4. What did the author think of cancer before he knewthat he had cancer?He viewed cancer with great horror. He thought of it as a very serious infectious disease in which the flesh and nerves were gradually destroyed.
191Questions for discussion5 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion5. What were the main criticisms directed against thegovernment concerning cancer research?All the money was spent on cancer research, but insufficient attention was paid to the emotional rehabilitation of cancer patients and their families.
192Questions for discussion6 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion6. According to the author, what psychological problemsmay a cancer patient face?Depression and persistent anxiety. He may have low self-esteem, a sense of hopelessness about the future, and a lack of interest in people and activities once found pleasurable.
193Questions for discussion7 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion7. What was the author’s intent in writing about thestruggles of a cancer patient?He wanted to instill positive attitudes in a cancer patient and hoped that the story would serve as an inspiration for all people with incurable diseases.
194Questions for discussion8 Text IIMemorable quotesQuestions for discussion8. What did he suggest people with incurable diseasesshould do to mitigate their own problems?They should share their mutual problems, help each other and take part in community life on an equal level with others.
195Memorable Quotes1 Memorable Quotes Text IIMemorable quotesMemorable QuotesRead “Red Red Rose” and analyze the rhetoric devices used in the poem.Guidance: “Red Red Rose” is a love poem written to be sung. The speaker presents two similes, the first comparing his love to a rose and the second comparing his love to a melody. The speaker also uses repetition to echo his sentiments — my luve’s like in Lines 1 and 3; that’s newly and that's sweetly (pronoun, verb, and adverb combinations) in Lines 2 and 4.
196Memorable Quotes2 Memorable Quotes Text IIMemorable quotesMemorable QuotesBenjamin Disraeli (1804–1881) was a British Prime Minister, parliamentarian, Conservative statesman and literary figure.Robert Burns (1759–1796) was a Scottish poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide.
197Memorable Quotes3 Memorable Quotes Text IIMemorable quotesMemorable Quotes1. We are all born for love, … It is theprinciple of existence and its only end.— Benjamin DisraeliWe are all born to love, … We live by love and for love only.principle: a rule or standard especially of a good behaviore.g.Confucius suggested one of the principles for the conduct of life: “Do not do to others what you would not want others to do to you.”
198Memorable Quotes4 2. Oh my luve’s like a red, red rose, Text IIMemorable quotes2. Oh my luve’s like a red, red rose,That’s newly sprung in June;Oh my luve’s like the melodieThat’s sweetly played in tune.— Robert Burns
199Memorable Quotes5Text IIMemorable quotesThe lady I love is so fresh and beautiful just like a red rose beginning to blossom in June. She is as sweet and pleasant as the melodies played properly.in/ out of tune: to be/not be singing or playing the correct musical notes to sound goode.g.My guitar doesn’t play in tune; I would find someone to scale it.