Presentation on theme: "Boy Scouts of America National Health and Safety Support Committee CAMP HEALTH OFFICER TRAINING Revised February 2013."— Presentation transcript:
1Boy Scouts of America National Health and Safety Support Committee CAMP HEALTH OFFICER TRAININGRevised February 2013
2Outline Introduction The role of the camp health officer General informationPreopening and opening campActivities during campClosing campQuiz2
3IntroductionThis training is to be conducted under the direction of the local council enterprise risk management committee in conjunction with the camp director and the council health supervisor.Successful completion of this course meets the camp health officer training requirement in the National Camp Accreditation Program’s National Camp Standards, No
4IntroductionPlanning is essential to any successful camping experience. This training course has been developed to help the camp health officer understand some of the important steps in providing adequate health and safety in the camp environment.
5Objectives of Camp Health Officer Training At the end of this training course, you should:Understand the duties and responsibilities of the camp health officer—before, during, and after camp.Understand the policies, procedures, and reference materials you need to do your job.Understand the reporting and record keeping requirements of the job.
6You Have an Important Job You have been selected to serve as camp health officer because of your talents and skills in providing health services.Your medical training will serve as a foundation in performing the role of camp health officer.This training course will act as an introduction to the camp environment and to your role as camp health officer—one of the most critical roles in camp.
7Who Is Responsible?Even though the leadership and equipment of the camp community may be excellent, they will not serve their purpose unless supported by the interest and efforts of all concerned in the camp’s operation.Every camp leader, volunteer, professional, and council employee should promote health and accident prevention.In a single moment, one uninformed or careless person can destroy the reputation of a camp that has taken years to build.While treatment of injury or illness is a primary function, the prevention of injury and the promotion of health should be your primary focus.
8Council Health Supervisor The council will appoint a physician, licensed by the state to practice medicine, to be in charge of medical care and health supervision for the camp. He or she will work closely with and serve as a member of the council’s enterprise risk management committee.The council health supervisor will be responsible for providing written instruction (standing orders) for the camp health officer to follow and will have approved all policies, procedures, and supply/equipment lists before camp opens.The council health supervisor and the camp director (or other council employee) will work together in the selection, qualification, and support of the health officer and be available to support the needs or concerns of the health officer throughout the camp season.
9Council Enterprise Risk Management Committee (ERM) Working with the council health supervisor and the council staff, the council’s enterprise risk management committee (ERM) will provide guidance, oversight, policy, and procedure for the operation of the camp health lodge.The committee members are a resource for the camp health officer and may be called upon for assistance.9
10National StandardsBoy Scout camping is conducted using carefully written standards. These standards are published as the National Camp Standards, No , and guide camps in their participation in the National Camp Accreditation Program conducted by the Boy Scouts of America.These standards establish the basis for a safe and healthy camp and require not only this training but also a host of critical policies and procedures that direct your work and that of all those involved in Scout camping.
11Personal Preparation Complete this training. Attend staff orientation and training.Review the items on the attached resource lists including the National Camp Standards.Review the policies, procedures, and other documents or checklists that have been developed for the camp health lodge.11
12Reference MaterialsMaterials that will help in performing your duties include the following:National Camp Standards, NoGuide to Safe Scouting (available online)First Aid Log, NoScouting Safety Begins With Leadership DVD, No , and the accompanying slide set, No
13References, cont. Incident Reporting Kit, No. 680-147 Program Hazard Analysis, NoBloodborne Pathogen Exposure Control Plan (as developed by your council), Nos andCamp Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plans (No )
14References, cont.Council Program Guidelines: Regarding Response to Adverse Heat and Humidity Conditions, NoFirst Aid merit badge pamphlet, NoAnnual Health and Medical Record, NoOSHA Regulations for Bloodborne Pathogens, No A14
15QualificationsThe camp health officer is an adult who may be a physician, nurse practitioner, nurse (RN, LPN, or LVN), physician’s assistant, paramedic, emergency medical technician, military corpsman/medic, or other qualified first responder (American Red Cross) as defined and approved by the council health supervisor using policies developed by the council enterprise risk management committee. This may vary from camp to camp and is spelled out in the council’s approved policies.Verify licensing requirements of the state for the camp health officer.The health officer must also have current certification in CPR by a recognized community agency.
16Duties SummarizedYour camp director will define your specific position profile and duties. Some of the duties you can expect to perform include those listed below. Many will be discussed later in this training:Complete precamp preparations.Open the camp health lodge.Close the camp health lodge.Assist in staff training (CPR, first aid, safety/accident prevention, bloodborne pathogens).Manage personal medical records and treatment logs.Teach Scouts first aid and/or other subjects. (Have a backup for classes.)
17Duties Summarized, cont. Conduct daily sick call and perform first aid.Manage the medication use process.Conduct ongoing risk assessment and mitigation via First Aid Log review, incident reports, and firsthand observation/inspection/surveillance.Participate in adult leader briefings.Maintain contact information and resources.Manage camp first-aid kits and AEDs.Complete forms and participate in the reporting of incidents and near-miss incidents using the Incident Reporting Kit.17
18TrainOne of your most important duties will be to train other trainers.During precamp staff training, pay close attention to the safety elements of each leader’s role and to situations that affect the welfare of the camp.Every staff member is a safety trainer and should teach safety practices and skills to the youth and adult leaders at camp. You should be prepared to support them in these activities.General camp safety practices are a concern of all staff members, and you are key to the team that will evaluate risks, provide training, and assist in enforcing health and safety rules that will impact all those in camp.
19Manage the Health Lodge One of your most important jobs is the management of the camp’s health lodge.The health lodge should be located conveniently near the central part of camp but far enough away from other facilities to provide privacy. It should be located so that transport from a remote area or transport by EMS out of camp is possible.A health lodge with good signage that is conveniently located helps encourage campers and others to report promptly for first-aid treatment.
20Manage the Health Lodge, cont. The purpose of the camp health lodge is to provide a cool, quiet, private, and properly equipped place to give temporary care to ill or injured campers.In small camps, the health lodge may be only a good tent with a fly. Others will have more elaborate spaces with beds for a longer term stay.If your council or camp uses a tent, it should have a floor and adequate protection against insects and the sun.The health lodge should have provisions for lockable storage.
21Manage the Health Lodge, cont. The health lodge should be neat and clean and as attractive as camping conditions will permit.The surroundings should be pleasant for those who are in the health lodge. A clean, pleasant-smelling health lodge is important.Depending on the facilities available, you may have a waiting area, private restrooms, lodging for the camp health officer, overnight accommodations for the ill or injured, or other facilities provided by the council. Whatever the physical arrangements, your job is to provide the best of care within those facilities.
22Manage the Health Lodge, cont. The health lodge should consist of several rooms, if possible.The ward room should include at least two hospital- type beds, a bedside table, a chair, and adequate light.Windows should be screened and provide cross- ventilation.Beds should be ready for use at all times, with mattresses, pillows, linens, and blankets in place.
23Manage the Health Lodge, cont. You may find a number of opinions as to what constitutes the minimum essentials in equipment and supplies for a camp health lodge.The equipment and supplies found in your camp health lodge were carefully chosen and approved by the council ERM committee and the council health supervisor based on their experience and feedback from camp health officers. Your feedback at the end of the camping season will help guide them to make improvements based on your experiences.
24Manage the Health Lodge, cont. You are asked to avoid bringing and leaving unauthorized supplies, medications, and equipment or allowing others to do so. Well-intentioned “donated” supplies or equipment may encourage and support a level of care inappropriate for the future camp health officer or others.It is assumed and accepted that the health lodge officer will bring his or her own personal stethoscope, blood-pressure apparatus, personal protective eyewear, and other items as needed.As you arrive and begin opening the health lodge, learn how to use the equipment provided and examine it often to ensure it remains in working condition.
25Manage Medication UseAll prescription and nonprescription medications in the health lodge (including those needing refrigeration) must be stored under lock and key.Prescription medications stored outside the health lodge with the unit leader or other adult must be stored under lock and key in the unit’s site.The only exception is for a limited amount of medication for life-threatening conditions, such as EpiPens, heart medication, and inhalers, which may be carried by a youth or adult member for personal use and if he or she is trained to use them.
26Manage Medication Use, cont. Read and understand the camp’s policy and procedure for medication management. Most camps will provide for the unit leader or Scoutmaster to store and dispense medications to the youth in his or her unit, provided it can be done safely and with proper security.The First Aid Log includes a sample form (routine drug administration record) you can use and issue to adult leaders to record prescription drug usage at camp.The procedures for medication management in camp should be reviewed with the adult leaders in camp during leader orientation.
27PrepareNow that you’ve read about the standards, policies and procedures, and your role, it’s time to get ready for your service in camp.Your personal preparation will be key to being prepared for what you may be asked to do beginning your first day in camp.27
28Prepare, cont.During staff week, you will have much to do including opening the camp health lodge by completing the steps on the camp’s health lodge checklist. It will include at least the following:Cleaning the health lodge—inside and the groundsInventorying supplies and ordering necessary replacementsOrganizing and setting up the health lodgeEnsuring that all forms, policy manuals, phone lists, and other resource materials are in place and current.
29Prepare, cont.Additional assignments, following the camp director’s instructions, may include:Participating in camp staff trainingCompleting OSHA requirementsLeading or taking CPR trainingMaking contacts with off-camp referral agencies, such as the local nonresident camp physician, supervising camp physician, referral emergency rooms, local ambulance service, paramedics or EMTs, and local police and fire departments
30Prepare, cont.Find and read the current letter of agreement or understanding with local hospitals and ambulance services for the care and treatment of patients, including their rules and who the backup is if they are unable to provide service.
31Prepare, cont.Find, update, and verify the emergency phone list including the Scout executive, camp director, and council health supervisor.The list should include the following as a minimum:FirefightersPolice (state, county, and local)Hospital (Specify which local hospital has a written agreement with the council.)Emergency medical services (Rescue squads and ambulances)Physicians (More than one listing is advised.)31
32Prepare, cont.After opening the health lodge, there is still much to do:Review all policies and procedures and ensure that you understand what is expected and that the tools you need are present and current.Using existing resources, review and implement the camp’s written plan on bloodborne pathogens and be prepared to train staff members.Identify and train selected staff members to assist in the staff medical screening process as needed.Conduct a medical screening for each staff member.If you are teaching first aid or other classes, talk with the program director to determine what you need to do and prepare according to his or her instruction.
33Prepare, cont.Take a tour of the camp and be sure you can find your way around—even in the dark. Begin your hazard and health surveillance before campers are present.Issue or update any first-aid kits that are in camp. Be sure to check with the camp ranger to update the kit typically carried in his or her vehicle.Place (or verify the location of) the camp’s AEDs and ensure that they are working and complete.Review and understand your role in the camp’s emergency procedures.Know who else in camp has knowledge or skills that may be needed in an emergency.33
34Prepare, cont.You will likely have a role in delivering precamp staff training. What you will teach will be specified by the camp director but will generally include:Information on the importance of operating the camp so that the number of accidents and illnesses is minimal and that positive mental health practices are promoted. Risk assessment and prevention is essential.General operating rules of the health lodge (hours, how and when first aid should be rendered at the site of injury vs. having it performed in the health lodge, etc.).
35Prepare, cont.If you are qualified, you may be called upon to educate staff in CPR, first aid, contents of first-aid kits, locations of AEDs, etc.You will be expected to deliver an OSHA/bloodborne pathogen training that focuses on the use of personal protective equipment and supplies (gloves, sunscreen, eye protection, etc.)35
36Duties During CampDuring the camp season, your duties will include any and probably all of the following:Conduct medical screenings—especially as staff and campers arrive.Set up a medication dispensing plan.Meet with the camp director and adult leaders in camp.Dispense medication daily and maintain records.Treat in-camp injuries and illnesses.
37Duties During Camp, cont. Now that you’ve prepared and have yourself and the health lodge ready to function, it’s time to deliver the best camping experience possible.Camp will be busy, and you will find your days filled with a number of specific tasks and opportunities to create a safe and healthy experience for the Scouts and Scouters in camp.Your day-to-day activities and duties will include those tasks discussed in the remainder of this training.37
38ScreenAt the beginning of each camping session, the camp health officer and/or designated assistants (as needed) must provide a medical screening for each participant— youth, adult, and staff member.The screening must follow the established medical screening checklist provided by the council’s health supervisor.The screening may vary by location and type of experience but will generally seek to identify that the individual is healthy enough to participate in camp activities and how his or her health needs may alter the ability to participate or require some special attention by leaders or camp staff.
39Screen, cont.Screening also serves to identify any health condition that is present on arrival that may affect others (e.g., communicable diseases, rashes) and to provide a general health status (e.g., feeling and looking well).The camp health officer is responsible for seeing that those performing the medical screening have been trained in the process and in obtaining pertinent information and that the screening is conducted privately.Care needs to be taken to assure that Youth Protection guidelines are followed.At the conclusion of the screening, the camp health officer takes possession of the participant’s Annual Health and Medical Record and maintains it according to established policies.
40Screen, cont.The camp health officer, in some circumstances, may call upon the unit leader or other adult familiar with the individual participants to identify special health needs, medical considerations, or limitation of activities.Designated adult leaders should be identified at the screening process and should make available to you a current Annual Health and Medical Record for everyone in his or her unit. He or she can be called upon to assist in ensuring you have them and that they are as correct and complete as possible.The screening process is an ideal time to identify other medical resources who are in camp for the camping period and obtain their consent and contact information.
41InformAfter screening, the camp director must be informed about campers with limitations so that the appropriate staff members can be alerted.This information is shared only with the camp staff members who need to know, and they are instructed to handle this important information in a discreet and proper manner.
42Deliver CareOpen the health lodge and deliver care, both when needed and during regular “sick call”—usually after breakfast or as determined by the camp director.Identify those who need care beyond what can be provided at camp and arrange for transportation and off-site treatment.Maintain the First Aid Log by entering all treatments.Maintain the system for using and protecting the health records that allows for easy access and privacy.Assist in the preparation and dispensing of medications to those who need assistance (sterile, refrigerated meds, etc.).
43Review and AnalyzeOn an ongoing and constant basis, review the First Aid Log for trends. Immediately notify the camp director if issues such as outbreaks of illness or repeated injuries in an area are identified.On a weekly basis, review the camp First Aid Log in depth and discuss it with the camp director.This review should include an analysis of incidents and accidents to determine if any special attention, program changes, or training is needed.Share this analysis on request with the rest of the staff.Ensure that corrective action items are established as a result of this review.Have the camp director initial the logbook with you at the end of the weekly review.
44Look, Listen, and TalkFollow up with the unit leaders on reporting cases of injury or illness in their troops. While maintaining privacy as much as possible, be sure they are being notified of injury/illness—especially if follow-up or observation is needed.Attend adult leader meetings to provide feedback, encourage healthy behaviors, and communicate known trends in camp.44
45Look, Listen, and Talk, cont. As you live and work in camp, make it a daily habit to perform routine health and safety surveillance of the camp and the programs.As you move about camp, look for processes and situations that can be made better and may require intervention by you or others. These may include:Overall sanitationProper hand washing by kitchen staff and campersPersonal health and cleanlinessSafety of equipment and groundsAvailability of first-aid kits and protective equipment
46TeachIn addition to your routine duties in managing the camp health lodge and treating the ill and injured, you may be given teaching assignments (if you are qualified) for both youth and adults, including such subjects as:First aidCPRAccident preventionSafety
47Plan and RespondYour camp has emergency action plans specific to the camp and the hazards that have been identified.Emergency action plans include detailed instructions for dealing with fires, serious illnesses, accidents, and fatalities.Reviewing the plan and understanding your role as camp health officer before the opening of camp season will help you move quickly when faced with an emergency situation.Share your suggestions for change or implementation of the emergency action plan with the camp director.
48Plan and Respond, cont.You should specifically review the camp plan on how to handle serious accidents and situations including:Evacuation of possible back or neck injurySerious illnessFatalitiesCamp crises such as food poisoning, fire, flood, windstorm, search for a lost person, and outbreak of an apparent contagious diseaseThis plan and your planned response should be known and maintained in the camp health lodge and included in your policies and procedures.
49Document and ReportThe First Aid Log, No , meets the requirements of the National Camp Standards and should be used unless another system has been approved by your council leadership and is equivalent.Each entry should be printed clearly, including the date, the time of day, the legal name of each person seen, a brief summary of the injury or complaint of illness, any contributing factors causing the injury or illness, and other pertinent comments (such as the health officer’s diagnosis of what the injury or illness might be).
50Document and Report, cont. Each treatment or disposition (such as “Sent to hospital” or “Sent home”) must be entered on the same line and initialed by the person authorizing or handling the disposition or treatment.Specific examples of how to make correct entries are shown in the log on page 4.Because of employee reporting requirements, there must be two separate logbooks: one for staff and employees and one for all others—campers/guests/ adult volunteers.
51Document and Report, cont. The logbook must also reflect situations in which an accident victim is taken directly from an accident scene to a hospital or private clinic rather than to the health lodge.An entry that an Incident Information Report was completed and that it was transmitted to the camp director or other authorized employee for reporting should also be made.
52Document and Report, cont. The camp health officer should retain a copy of the Annual Health and Medical Record of anyone who has a serious or fatal illness or injury during the camping operation.A copy of the completed Incident Information Report should be attached to that form.At the end of the season—or immediately for a serious event—the report and the Annual Health and Medical Record should be transmitted to the council office.
53Document and Report, cont. The First Aid Log and other records will be used by the council’s health supervisor and the council enterprise risk management committee to prepare for future camping seasons.The council office will maintain the records according to the approved council records retention policy.Injury and illness logs must be available when requested by the Bureau of Labor Statistics or a state agency.A separate log should be maintained for:Campers and volunteer leadersLocal council employees, including professional staff, camp ranger, and summertime part-time employees
54Document and Report, cont. The reporting and handling of serious illnesses are to be treated with the utmost of care by a team—not by the camp health officer acting alone!Inform the camp director as soon as possible after the injured person is receiving care.Procedures to be followed in the event of a fatality, serious injury, or illness are outlined in the First Aid Log and should be read and understood before the camp season. This information can also be found online and in the Incident Reporting Kit.When an incident occurs, refer to the procedures to ensure that you follow them as written.
55Document and Report, cont. Because camp staff are employees, special reporting requirements exist for them.Any accident resulting in the death of one or more employees or the hospitalization of three or more employees must be reported by the employer (the council), either verbally or in writing, to the nearest OSHA office or via OSHA within eight hours of the accident.The camp director or other member of the council staff must report. This is not the responsibility of the camp health officer.
56CloseAs with opening the camp, closing the camp for the season brings another list of important activities:Complete the checklist for closing the camp health lodge. The checklist will focus on storing the supplies and equipment, cleaning up for the next event/camp, and dealing with the paperwork you’ve accumulated.Prepare an end-of-season report that summarizes events, activities, and recommendations for the future. The report should be submitted to the camp director for transmittal to the council enterprise risk management committee.Give all incident reports, medical records, and logbooks (by week for the season) to the camp director.Consult with the camp director and camp ranger for other duties.
57Review Questions Take time to review the material we have covered. Write down your answers to the following questions.
58Review Questions Question 1: True or false? The camp health officer reports to the camp director but operates under the direction of the council’s health supervisor using approved policies and procedures.
59Review Questions Question 2: What are some of the duties of the camp health officer?Medical screeningHelping provide CPR, first-aid, and safety training to the camp staffMaintaining medical records and reportsAll of the above
60Review Questions Question 3: True or false? The camp health officer may train others to assist in the administration of the medical screening process at camp.
61Review Questions Question 4: True or false? Every camper and leader is required to have a medical screening prior to participating in any activity at summer camp.
62Review Questions Question 5: Which document is used to record all injuries at camp?Annual Health and Medical Record, NoFirst Aid Log, NoA lined legal padGuide to Safe Scouting, No
63Review Questions Question 6: What is the function of the camp health lodge?To provide temporary care to ill or injured campersTo provide a reception room, clinic, and ward for temporary hospitalization of injured or sick campersTo provide sleeping quarters for the doctor or camp health officer in or nearbyAll of the above
64Review Questions Question 7: Who will routinely administer routine prescription drugs to Scouts in summer camp?Scoutmaster or other designated unit adultCamp directorCamp health officerCamp commissioner
65Review Questions Question 8: The camp emergency action plan should address which of the following items?Serious accidentsEvacuation of a possible back or neck injuryA crisis involving the entire camp, such as food poisoningAll of the above
66Review Questions Question 9: True or false? In the case of a fatality, serious injury, or illness, the camp health officer should immediately contact the camp director.
67Review Questions Question 10: What procedure should be followed when treating a camper who comes to you with a cut finger?Have the patient report to his Scoutmaster for treatment.Treat the patient, following bloodborne pathogens precautions, and then record the injury in the camp First Aid Log.Place a bandage on the cut and have the Scout return to his campsite.Have the patient rest in the camp health lodge until emergency personnel arrive to treat the patient.
68Answers to Review Questions TrueD: All of the aboveB: First Aid Log, NoD: All of the aboveA: Scoutmaster or other designated unit adultB: Treat the patient, following bloodborne pathogens precautions, and then record the injury in the camp First Aid Log.
69Course CompletionOnce you have completed this Camp Health Officer Training course:Print the course completion form on the last slide.Enter your name and date on the course completion form.Print and sign a copy of the form.Give a copy of the form to your camp director and have him or her initial it.
70For the latest information and resources, visit the Scouting Safely section of the BSA’s website and via MyScouting.org
71Camp Health Officer Training Boy Scouts of AmericaCamp Health OfficerTraining___________________NameI have successfully completed the BSA Camp Health Officer Training program.Signature_____________Date