Introduction Human cognition develops rapidly throughout the first sixteen years of life and less rapidly thereafter.
Jean Piaget- Course of Various Stages Sensor motor stage (birth to two) Preoperational stage (ages two to seven) Operational stage (ages seven to sixteen) Concrete operation stage (ages seven to eleven) Formal operational stage (ages eleven to sixteen)
Sensor motor stage (birth to two) To see/ feel/ touch/ hear is to believe A direct cognition
Preoperational stage (ages two to seven) Understand and know how to use symbolic signs Self- centered thoughts
Operational stage (ages seven to sixteen) Concrete operation stage (ages seven to eleven) Formal operational stage (ages eleven to sixteen)
Jean Piaget Conceptual development is a process of progressively moving from states of disequilibrium to equilibrium and that periods of disequilibrium mark virtually all cognitive development up through age fourteen or fifteen, when formal operations finally are firmly organized and equilibrium is reached.
Ausubel Adults learning a second language could profit from certain grammatical explanations and deductive thinking that obviously would be pointless for a child.
Ausubel(2) The distinction that he made between rote and meaningful learning. People of all ages have little need for rote, mechanistic learning that is not related to existing knowledge and experience.
More Information Young children are not “aware” that they are acquiring a language. It’s said that “a watched pot never boils”; is it possible that a language learner who is too consciously aware of what he or she is doing will have difficulty in learning the second language?
Conclusion If an adults learning a foreign language by rote methods are compared with children learning a second language in a natural, meaningful context, the child’s learning will seem to be superior.
The Child Happens to Be Learning Language Meaningfully Thank you