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Chapter 17 Lecture One of Two Myths of Crete ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Myths of Crete Told by Greeks, not by Cretans themselves Full of tricksters and monsters, beastiality and human sacrifice Tell us more about what the Greeks thought of them than what the early people on Crete were really like ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
EUROPA AND THE BULL ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Europa and the Bull Agenor (Semitic “leader of men”) Brother Belus (=Baal, “lord”) ruled in Egypt Agenor settled in Phoenicia – Europa – Cadmus – Cilix – Phoenix ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Europa and the Bull Agenor sends sons to look for her Phoenix stays near home = Phoenicia Cilix goes to southern Turkey = Cilicia Cadmus goes to Thebes = Cadmeia ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Europa and the Bull Europa’s Sons on Crete – Minos – Sarpedon – Rhadamanthys Talus (the bronze giant) Laelaps (the magic dog) ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 17.1 Europa and the Bull ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Tarquinia; Scala/Ministero per i Beni e le Attività culturali / Art Resource, New York
Minos and Pasiphaë ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
MINOS AND PASIPHAË ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Minos and Pasiphaë As a sign that he should be king, Minos asks Poseidon to send a bull, which he will sacrifice Poseidon sends the bull, but Minos sacrifices another one Married Pasiphaë, a daughter of Helius – Ariadne, Androgeus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Minos and Pasiphaë Makes Pasiphaë lust for the bull Daedalus from Athens is in Crete – Left Athens after killing his nephew and student Perdix over a patent quarrel about the saw Daedalus makes a device for Poseidon and her “bull-friend” – Minotaur is born ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 17.2 Pasiphaë and the Minotaur as an infant. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris
Minos and Pasiphaë Minos asks Daedalus to build a prison for the Minotaur – Labyrinth ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 17.3 Mt. Ida in Crete ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. De Agostini Editore/PhotoLibrary
MINOS AND SCYLLA ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Minos and Scylla Androgeus (a son of Minos) enters athletic contest in Athens and defeats all the local boys Aegeus orders him to fight a wild bull at Marathon and Androgeus is killed Minos collects his fleet and moves to attack Athens ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Minos and Scylla On his way, he attacks Megara, ruled by Nisus, a brother of Aegeus Daughter Scylla falls in love with Minos Betrays Nisus by cutting off his protective purple lock of hair The city falls, but Minos abandons her ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
THESEUS AND AMPHITRITÊ ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus and Amphitritê Cannot take Athens Zeus sent a plague and famine Even four human sacrifices couldn’t deliver the Athenians An oracle tells them to surrender ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus and Amphitritê Every 9 years (or every year), 7 girls and boys must be sent to Crete to be sacrificed to the Minotaur Theseus, the son of Aegeus, the king of Athens, volunteers to go and face the Minotaur ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus and Amphitritê Theseus is also a son of Poseidon Minos is on the ship and makes a pass at one of the girls, Eriboea Theseus warns him off and claims that he is son of Poseidon, just as Minos is a son of Zeus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus and Amphitritê Zeus sends thunderbolts to prove that Minos is his son To test him, Minos throws a ring off the ship and orders him to get it Theseus dives in but returns with a wreath given to him by Amphritritê, the wife of Poseidon ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 17.4 Theseus and Amphitritê ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Musée du Louvre, Paris; Réunion des Musées Nationaux / Art Resource, New York
PERSPECTIVE 17.1 Rick Riordan's Percy Jackson ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Rick Riordan's Percy Jackson The world-wide popularity of the Percy Jackson novels and films show that even when tampered with to suit the tastes of the time the characters and basic structures of Greek myth continue to engage the imagination. Percy, whose name mirrors Perseus, is a hero in the true sense of the word, and has to fulfill his fate on earth, like the Greek heroes we've been studying. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
THESEUS AND THE MINOTAUR ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus and the Minotaur On Crete, Ariadne (daughter of Minos) falls in love with Theseus She gives him the ball of thread on the suggestion of Daedalus, with which he returns from the labyrinth after killing the Minotaur ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus and the Minotaur But Theseus dumps Ariadne on Naxos, though she is rescued and married by Dionysus Theseus also stops on Delos, Apollo’s sacred island, and dedicates a statue of Aphrodite The youth dance the “crane dance” in celebration ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 17.5 Theseus and the Minotaur ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Florence; Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Rome
Perspective 17.2 Picasso's Minotauromachia twists the images of the slaying of the Minotaur into a complex system of symbols and meaning. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Réunion des Musées Nationaux / Art Resource, New York
DAEDALUS AND ICARUS ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Daedalus and Icarus Minos turns on Daedalus He makes wings, bound with wax, and escapes with his son Icarus Icarus flies too close to the sun and falls into the sea ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Perspective 17.3 Fall of Icarus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels; © Scala/Art Resource, New York
DEATH OF MINOS ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Death of Minos Daedalus now flies to Sicily, to the court of Cocalus Minos, looking for Daedalus everywhere, arrives in Sicily with a scheme to catch Daedalus: the shell Daedalus is exposed, but the king’s daughters kill Minos in boiling water ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
End ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
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