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Chapter 16 Lecture One of Two Theseus, Myths of Athens ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Theseus Latecomer Myths are confused and pale Theseus becomes their “hero” almost artificially ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
CEROPS, ERICHTHONIUS AND THE DAUGHTERS OF CECROPS ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Cerops, Erichthonius and the Daughters of Cecrops Three different versions of the origins of the Athenians: – Descended from Athena (?) – Autochthonous (from the earth itself) – Descended from Cecrops Great founding ancestor, who brought laws, civilization, proper worship of the gods ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Cerops, Erichthonius and the Daughters of Cecrops Born when Hephaestus tried to have his way with Athena “The man of wool and earth” Given in a concealed basket to the daughters of Cecrops (Aglauros, Hersê, Pandrosus) Only Pandrosus refrains from looking – Aglaurus and Hersê driven mad and jump to their deaths from the Acropolis ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Observations Festival of the Dew Carriers and the Erechtheum on the Acropolis in Athens. (Fig. 16.1) Yearly ritual of the Arrhephoria (“dew carriers”) in late March The two arrhephoroi lived on the Acropolis Wove a robe for a statue of Athena Sent at night to Aphrodite’s grove (near the Acropolis) with baskets, to return with a mysterious object ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. University of Wisconsin–Madison Photo Archive
Fig. 16.2 Birth of Erechthonius ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Antikenmuseum, Berlin; Bildarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource, New York
Fig. 16.3 Athena and Erechthonius. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. (© Trustees of the British Museum / Art Resource, New York
PROCRIS AND CEPHALUS ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus In another myth, the daughters Aglaurus and Hersê survive the jump Hermes lusts after Hersê, and at first Aglaurus agrees to act as a go-between for gold But Athena afflicts Aglaurus with jealousy, and ties to deny Hermes passage ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus Hermes turns her into a stone and continues on his way Hersê becomes pregnant with a son, Cephalus Cephalus, being a beautiful boy, is carried away for a while by Eos, nymph of the dawn ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus Cephalus marries Procris, a daughter of Erechthonius, soon giving way to jealousy To test her, he approaches her in disguise ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus When once she gives in, she is banished to Crete There Minos lusts after her, but his wife Pasiphaë had cursed his sexuality Procris gives him an herbal remedy, and in thanks Minos gives her Laelaps and a magic spear ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus Procris starts to fear Pasiphaë and returns to Athens disguised as a boy, with the gifts Cephalus lusts after this “boy’s” gifts, and the “boy” offers them in exchange for sex He agrees, but the “boy” then reveals “him”self, and they live happily ever after – for a while ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus But Procris fears that Cephalus is still seeing his former girlfriend, Eos (Lat. Aurora), a forest nymph of the fresh winds of the dawn ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procris and Cephalus She hears a report that he’s been calling out to “Dawn,” so one day she follows him on his morning hunt. She hears him calling “Dawn,” she thinks he’s having an affair and jumps out of the woods to confront him Thinking he’s being attacked by wild animal, he kills her with the magic spear she gave him ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 16.4 Death of Procris ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. (© Trustees of the British Museum / Art Resource, New York
Procris and Cephalus Cephalus forced into exile by the Areopagus and he flees to Thebes Thebes being plagued by a “fox that can never be caught.” Sends his dog against it Zeus “resolves” the contradiction by turning both to stone ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
PROCNÊ AND TEREUS ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procnê and Tereus Pandion, a son of Erichthonius, has two daughters – Procnê – Philomela And two sons – Butes – Erechtheus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procnê and Tereus Pandion (king in Athens) gives his daughter Procnê to Tereus, the king of the Thracians for his help in a war against Thebes Procnê and Tereus have a son, Itys After a time, Procnê wants Tereus to go to Athens and bring Philomela back for a visit ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procnê and Tereus But Tereus lusts after Philomela when he sees her On arrival in Thrace, he rapes her To keep her from talking, he cuts out her tongue, hides her and tells Procnê that her sister died Keeps her locked in a mountain house ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Procnê and Tereus In her cell, Philomela weaves the story of what happened in a tapestry and sends it to Procnê Procnê understands the message In revenge, they kill Itys and serve him to Tereus In the end, they all turn into birds ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Fig. 16.5 Philomela, Procnê and Itys. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc. Musée du Louvre, Paris; © Giraudon/Art Resource, New York
OBSERVATIONS Ovid’s Literary Myth ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Ovid's Literary Myth Ovid's retelling of the Greek myths emphasize the moral and psychological effect of a metamorphosis. Though the original myths may have their source in the belief that the human and animal worlds are closely linked together, Ovid uses them for entirely different purposes and with different effects. ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
End ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Chapter Sixteen, Lecture One Theseus, Myths of Athens.
Chapter 9 Lecture Two of Two Artemis Athena ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Cephalus and Procris By: Heidi Morgans. The Javelin: Phocus asks Cephalus about his unique javelin The javelin is very beautiful But it also always hits.
Chapter 19 Lecture Two of Two After the Argo ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Chapter Sixteen, Lecture One
Perseus By: Richie Akatue. Facts Facts Perseus was one of the first heroes in Greek Mythology. Perseus was one of the first heroes in Greek Mythology.
Chapter 11 Lecture One of Two Myths of Fertility Dionysus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Chapter 18 Lecture Two of Two Oedipus and Thebes ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Chapter 24 Lecture One of Two Legends of Early Rome ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Chapter 18 Lecture One of Two Oedipus and the Myths of Thebes ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
This is Hades the god of the underworld, he fell in love with Persephone the goddess of nature.
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THESEUS Hero of Athens. Early Myths of Athens Cecrops – serpent shaped, founder of Attica Erichthonius – serpent shaped son of Ge and Hephaestus Athena.
Chapter Eight Myths of Hermes, Pan, Hephaestus, and Ares ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Chapter 17 Lecture One of Two Myths of Crete ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
THE GOD OF WAR ARES Kelsey Terrell AP English September 10, 2012.
Chapter 16 Lecture Two of Two Theseus ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Hephaestus. I am a dark haired man who has difficulty walking due to misformed feet. Some accounts make me small in stature My symbol is the forge of.
Chapter 15 Lecture Two of Two ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Books 1-4 Summaries by Erin Salona. Book ONE Athena Advises Telemachus Homer’s invocation to the Muses (9 daughters of Zeus worshipped for Inspiration.
Theseus an archaic religious and social order a founding hero, considered by Athenians as their own great reformer.
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Epic Greek Heroes By: Chris Robertson. Odysseus Odysseus was a hero from the epic book series The Odyssey. He spent ten years away from home fighting.
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Chapter 20 Lecture Two of Two ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Dionysus. God of wine, life force, instinctive side of personality (partying) Beginnings: Hera wanted him dead, Zeus changed him into a goat and took.
The Trojan War. The Golden Apple A Greek man and goddess were getting married. Their names were Peleus &Thetis A Greek man and goddess were getting married.
Greek Heroes. The Ideal Greek Hero We use the term hero very broadly. For us a hero is someone who stands out from others, someone distinguished by prominence,
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Chapter 9 Lecture One of Two Myths of the Female Deities: Demeter, Hestia, Aphrodite ©2012 Pearson Education Inc.
Greek: Aiakos, "bewailing" or "earth borne". Zues appeared to Aegina, the daughter of a river god named Asopus, as a flame.
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