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English Language 101 for Non-Specialist Departments (Intisab) Compiled by : Ms. Nisreen MA. Yamany (A Lecturer At The English Department/ Umm Al-Qura University)

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Presentation on theme: "English Language 101 for Non-Specialist Departments (Intisab) Compiled by : Ms. Nisreen MA. Yamany (A Lecturer At The English Department/ Umm Al-Qura University)"— Presentation transcript:

1 English Language 101 for Non-Specialist Departments (Intisab) Compiled by : Ms. Nisreen MA. Yamany (A Lecturer At The English Department/ Umm Al-Qura University)

2 Section 1

3 Lesson 1 English Alphabets

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5 Vowels

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7 Lesson 2 Parts of Speech

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9 Exercise: Write the correct part of speech in the given blank. 1. Remember to drive safely. Part of speech: Don't talk like that. Part of speech: Sally and Tom are coming back soon. Part of speech: This is a pretty vase. Part of speech: Let's do it. Part of speech: The cat is on the table. Part of speech: Oh, I didn't know that. Part of speech: Do you want to go out or stay home? Part of speech: New York is a big city. Part of speech: I want the blue ball. Part of speech: We finished it yesterday. Part of speech:

10 Exercise: Write the correct part of speech in the given blank. 1. Remember to drive safely. Part of speech: -Adverb 2. Don't talk like that. Part of speech: --Verb Sally and Tom are coming back soon. Part of speech: ----Noun This is a pretty vase. Part of speech: --Adjective Let's do it. Part of speech: ---Pronoun The cat is on the table. Part of speech: --noun Oh, I didn't know that. Part of speech: ---verb Do you want to go out or stay home? Part of speech:noun New York is a big city. Part of speech: ----noun I want the blue ball. Part of speech: ---adjective We finished it yesterday. Part of speech: ---Pronoun

11 12. What am I going to do without you? Part of speech: He will come. Part of speech: Wow, those are great news! Part of speech: We have pens, pencil, notebooks and markers. Part of speech: *You can try this exercise online and check your answers speech-exercise-02.html speech-exercise-02.html More online-exercises:

12 12. What am I going to do without you? Part of speech: -----Pronoun He will come. Part of speech: Verb Wow, those are great news! Part of speech: ----noun We have pens, pencil, notebooks and markers. Part of speech: ---Verb *You can try this exercise online and check your answers 02.html More online-exercises:

13 Nouns

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15 Lesson 3 Nouns A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. People man, father, teacher, neighbor, … Things book, table, sugar, fruit, … Places school, street, city, house, ….. Ideas freedom, honesty, truth, …. Feelings happiness, anger, boredom, joy, ….

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17 1) Countable (count) nouns Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: "pen". We can count pens. We can have one, two, three or more pens. Here are some more countable nouns: dog, cat, animal, man, person bottle, box, litre coin, note, dollar cup, plate, fork table, chair, suitcase, bag

18 Countable nouns can be singular or plural: My dog is playing. My dogs are hungry. We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns: A dog is an animal.

19 Spelling Rules

20 Irregular plural nouns

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22 Online exercises: plural.php#.UlLccyTrb44

23 Lesson 4: A, An, and some 1) Using “A” (A + consonant sound) If the following word starts with a consonant sound, then we say a. consonant

24 2) Using “an” ( AN + vowel sound ) If the following word starts with a vowel sound, then we say an.vowel

25 3) Using “some” Some often appears with plural nouns.

26 Add a, an or some to the following list. 1- ______ house. 11-______ condominium. 2- ______apartment.12-______ shopping mall. 3-______ mosques.13- ______ museums. 4-______ elevator.14- ______ art gallery. 5-______ tunnels. 15-______ orange 6-______ taxis. 16- ______ offices. 7- _____ island. 17-______ commuter. 8- _____ airport. 18-______ headache. 9- ______ buildings.19- ______ computers. 10-____ bridge. 20- ______ horse.

27 Add a, an or some to the following list.(Answers) 1- __a__ house. 11-_a___ condominium. 2- _an__apartment.12-__a___ shopping mall. 3-__some_ mosques.13- ___some__ museums. 4-__an___ elevator.14- __an__ art gallery. 5-_some__ tunnels. 15-_an___ orange 6-_some__ taxis. 16- _some___ offices. 7- _an__ island. 17-_a___ commuter. 8- _an__ airport. 18-__a___ headache. 9- __some__ buildings.19- _some_ computers. 10-_a___ bridge. 20- _a___ horse.

28 Online exercises : english.com/grammar/counta.htm english.com/grammar/counta.htm hilfen.de/en/exercises/confusing_words/a_an _some.htm hilfen.de/en/exercises/confusing_words/a_an _some.htm em.qc.ca/prof/epritchard/aandim.htm em.qc.ca/prof/epritchard/aandim.htm

29 Lesson 5: Uncountable (Noncount) Nouns Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot "count" them. For example, we cannot count "milk". We can count "bottles of milk" or "litres of milk", but we cannot count "milk" itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns: music, art, love, happiness advice, information, news furniture, luggage rice, sugar, butter, water electricity, gas, power money, currency

30 We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb. For example: This news is very important. Your luggage looks heavy.

31 We do not usually use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We can use some and any with uncountable nouns: I've got some money. Have you got any rice? We can use a little and much with uncountable nouns: I've got a little money. I haven't got much rice.

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33 1. Write (C) for countable and (N or U) for uncountable: time - books - sugar - milk - pens - hair - chairs - meat - butter - pencils - bread - jam - friends - fingers - flour - apples - oil - cars - salt - houses - cheese - rice - tea - games - tomatoes - cream - honey - carrots -

34 1. Write (C) for countable and (N or U) for uncountable: time N/U books C sugar N/U milk N/U Pens C hair N /U chairs C meat N/U butter N/U pencils C bread N/U jam N/U friends C fingers C flour N/U apples C oil N/U cars C salt N/U houses C Cheese N/U rice N/U tea N/U games C Tomatoes C cream N/U honey N/U carrots C

35 Underline the correct choice: 1. Homework non-countable/ both /countable 2. Apple non-countable /both /countable 3. hair non-countable /both /countable 4. music non-countable /both /countable 5. star non-countable /both /countable 6. chair non-countable/ both /countable 7. butter non-countable/ both /countable 8. love non-countable both countable 9. cat non-countable /both /countable

36 Underline the correct choice: 1. Homework non-countable/ both /countable 2. Apple non-countable /both /countable 3. hair non-countable /both /countable 4. music non-countable /both /countable 5. star non-countable /both /countable 6. chair non-countable/ both /countable 7. butter non-countable/ both /countable 8. love non-countable both countable 9. cat non-countable /both /countable

37 1. money non-countable /both /countable 12. time non-countable/ both/ countable 13. car non-countable/ both /countable 14. friend non-countable /both /countable 15. noise non-countable /both /countable 16. rice non-countable/ both /countable 17. coffee non-countable/ both /countable Online exercises: nouns.php#.UlLgmiTrb44

38 1. money non-countable /both /countable 12. time non-countable/ both/ countable 13. car non-countable/ both /countable 14. friend non-countable /both /countable 15. noise non-countable /both /countable 16. rice non-countable/ both /countable 17. coffee non-countable/ both /countable Online exercises: nouns.php#.UlLgmiTrb44

39 Lesson 6: Pronouns

40 I - Self I like pizza. You - Other You are tall. He - Man Daniel is from Mexico He is from Mexico. She - Female Jane is happy. She is happy.

41 It - Things The computer is black. It is black. We - I and other people David and I are hungry. We are hungry. They - Other people (plural) Tim and Kelly are from Canada. They are form Canada.

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47 Examples: I like you but you don't like me. Do you really hate her? She loves sitting next to him. She always writes s to us. He's talking to her about it. She's my friend. I really enjoy being with her. I like this film. I saw it last week.

48 Use a subject pronoun as the subject of each sentence based on the word(s) given in the brackets. Example => ………works at a bank. (James) Answer: He works at a bank. 1. ………………….. is my sister. (Susie) 2. …………………… is a clever boy. (Brad) 3. ……………………. are my classmates. (Peter and Harry) 4. ………………….. enjoy watching films. (My sister and I) 5. …………………… have bought a house in the city. (John and his wife) 6. …………………… has had its breakfast. (The cat) 7. …………………… are great dancers. (Merlin and her sister)

49 8. ………………….. lives in California. (Brian) 9. ………………….. study at Oxford. (Ann, Peter and Sally) 10. ……………… belong on the top shelf. (Those glasses) 11. …………………has a long trunk. (The elephant) 12. ……………….. have made nests on the branches. (The birds)

50 Answers 1. She is my sister. 2. He is a clever boy. 3. They are my classmates. 4. We enjoy watching films. 5. They have bought a house in the city. 6. It has had its breakfast. 7. They are great dancers. 8. He lives in California. 9. They study at Oxford. 10. They belong on the top shelf. 11. It has a long trunk. 12. They have made nests on the branches.

51 Underline the correct choice: 1. ________ is my best friend. a) He b) Him 2. I live with ________. a) she b) her 3. ________ have three brothers. a) They b) Them 4. Does ________ have a dog? a) he b) him 5. Are the pizzas for ________? a) we b) us

52 Underline the correct choice: 1. ________ is my best friend. a) He b) Him 2. I live with ________. a) she b) her 3. ________ have three brothers. a) They b) Them 4. Does ________ have a dog? a) he b) him 5. Are the pizzas for ________? a) we b) us

53 6. The man does not like ________. a) I b) me 7. The children made ________ lunch. a) we b) us 8. Do ________ need to bring my jacket? a) I b) me 9. I do not love ________. a) she b) her 10. I am going to buy ________ an ice cream cone. a) she b) her Check your answers online: online.com/grammar/tests/subjectobjectpronouns.html

54 6. The man does not like ________. a) I b) me 7. The children made ________ lunch. a) we b) us 8. Do ________ need to bring my jacket? a) I b) me 9. I do not love ________. a) she b) her 10. I am going to buy ________ an ice cream cone. a) she b) her Check your answers online: online.com/grammar/tests/subjectobjectpronouns.html

55 Fill in the spaces with the correct subject or object pronoun. For example, He knows Tom. He knows him. 1.He lives with Jennifer.=> He lives with. ……………. 2.Thomas likes the movie. => Thomas likes ……………… 3. Jane and I are friends.=>…………….are friends 4. The computer is broken.=>…………….is broken. 5. He will talk to Jeff later today. =>He will talk to…….. later

56 6. The children play in the park every day. => …………play in the park every day. 7. He does not know Peter and Mike. =>He does not know ……………… 8. My mother and father like baseball. =>………….like baseball. 9. The teacher helped my friend and I. The teacher helped. ………… The hockey players have a game tonight. => …………….. have a game tonight. Check your answers online:

57 Online exercises: ml ml e/viewgame.asp?id=7233 e/viewgame.asp?id=7233

58 Lesson 7: Verb to be

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64 Examples: Is Brad Pitt French? No, he isn't. He's American. What about Angelina Joli? Is she American, too? Yes, she is. She is American. Are brad Pitt and Angelina Joli French? No, They aren't. They are American.

65 A. Complete using : am / is/ are 1.My father___ a taxi driver. 2.It___cool in spring Mr. Beek___our English teacher. 4. It ___a cute cat. 5.We __good friends. 6.David ___our family doctor. 7.She ___ your music teacher. 8.They___at school today. 9.The kids___in U.S.A now. 10. I ____ happy.

66 A. Complete using : am / is/ are 1.My father_is__ a taxi driver. 2.It_Is_cool in spring. 3.Mr. Beek_is_our English teacher. 4. It ___ is __a cute cat. 5.We _are__good friends. 6.David _is__our family doctor. 7.She_is _ your music teacher. 8.They_are__at school today. 9.The kids_are__in U.S.A now. 10. I _am__ happy.

67 11.This __my new car. 12.My grandparents __ old. 13. I and Ben___sick. 14.That__my villa. 15.You __a bad pupil. 16. The apples __red. 17.It __winter. 18.I__hungry. 19. My schoolbag__ green. 20. Roses____ red. Sugar ____ sweet.

68 11.This _is__my new car. 12.My grandparents _are_ old. 13. I and Ben_are__sick. 14.That_is_my villa. 15.You _are_a bad pupil. 16. The apples _are_red. 17.It _is_winter. 18.I_am_hungry. 19. My schoolbag_is_ green. 20. Roses_are___ red. Sugar _is__ sweet.

69 Chose the correct form of the verb to be - am/is/are. 1.It ___cold today. 2.I ____at home now. 3.They _____Korean. 4.There ____a pen on the desk. 5.My name _____Nikita. 6.We _____from Ukraine. 7.That _____right. 8.I ____OK, thanks. 9.Clara and Steve _____married. 10.She______ an English teacher. You can check your answer online:http://www.eclecticenglish.com/grammar/PresentSimpleToBe1A.h tmlhttp://www.eclecticenglish.com/grammar/PresentSimpleToBe1A.h tml

70 Chose the correct form of the verb to be - am/is/are / was/were 1-John …….. so busy yesterday. 2-I ……. so busy today. 3- She …….. Studying last year. 4-We …….. In Paris 6 months ago. 5-Sam ……. In school now. 6-Linda & Margo ……… in the mall this moment. 7- Tom & Sam ………. at home 2 hours ago. 8- I …….. a student in 2009.

71 Chose the correct form of the verb to be - am/is/are / was/were 1-John …was. so busy yesterday. 2-I …am. so busy today. 3- She …was.. Studying last year. 4-We …were….. In Paris 6 months ago. 5-Sam …is…. In school now. 6-Linda & Margo …are. in the mall this moment. 7- Tom & Sam …were……. at home 2 hours ago. 8- I …was.. a student in 2009.

72 9- I ……. A teacher now. 10- They ……….. at their grandparents’ house last month. 11- I can see that the birds …….. on the tree. (right now). 12- He …… the tallest boy in the class when he was young. 13- She ……. So pretty. 14- We …….. happy to see our friends last night. 15-The weather …….. cold 2 days ago. 16- The baby …… crying 5 minutes ago. 17-Jasmine ….. white and has such a nice smell.

73 9- I …am…. A teacher now. 10- They …were….. at their grandparents’ house last month. 11- I can see that the birds …are….. on the tree. (right now). 12- He …was… the tallest boy in the class when he was young. 13- She …is…. So pretty. 14- We …were.. happy to see our friends last night. 15-The weather …was….. cold 2 days ago. 16- The baby …was… crying 5 minutes ago. 17-Jasmine …is.. white and has such a nice smell.

74 Section 2:

75 In The classroom

76 Classroom instructions

77 Underline the correct choice. 1-There is a big white ……. In our classroom. a)Picture b)Pencil c) board. 2-My …… is full of books. It is really heavy. a)Window b)Table c) Bag 3-I like reading …….. a lot. a)Boards b) books c)Notebooks 4-There is a pretty ……. a cat on the wall of our classroom. a)board. b)picture. c) pencil.

78 5- Students were making lots of noise so the teacher asked them to ….. a)Sit down b)Close their books. C)Be quiet 6-Teacher: “If you have a question, just……..” a)Listen b) draw c)raise your hand 7- The teacher asked us to ……. a picture of a tree. a)Draw b)Read c) listen 8- when the lesson starts, I …………. So as to write the important things that the teacher says. a)Stand up b) take out my note c)look at the board. 9-when you have your exam paper, the first thing to do is to…….. a)Write your name c) sit down b) listen 10- We sat in class waiting for our ……. to start the lesson. a) Teacher b) doctor c) parents

79 Underline the correct choice. 1-There is a big white ……. In our classroom. a)Picture b)Pencil c) board. 2-My …… is full of books. It is really heavy. a)Window b)Table c) Bag 3-I like reading …….. a lot. a)Boards b) books c)Notebooks 4-There is a pretty ……. Of a cat on the wall of our classroom. a)board. b)picture. c) pencil.

80 5- Students were making lots of noise so the teacher asked them to ….. a)Sit down b)Close their books. C)Be quiet 6-Teacher: “If you have a question, just……..” a)Listen b) draw c)raise your hand 7- The teacher asked us to ……. a picture of a tree. a)Draw b)Read c) listen 8- when the lesson starts, I …………. So as to write the important things that the teacher says. a)Stand up b) take out my note c)look at the board. 9-when you have your exam paper, the first thing to do is to…….. a)Write your name c) sit down b) listen 10- We sat in class waiting for our ……. to start the lesson. a) Teacher b) doctor c) parents

81 In the Kitchen

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84 Underline the correct choice. 1-I usually keep all cups and plates in the ……. a)Cooker b)cupboard c)fridge 2-Linda uses a ………… to wash her clothes. a)Sink b)toaster c) washing machine. 3-Leave the dirty dishes in the ……., I will clean them later. a)Pillow c)wardrobe d) sink 4-I put some toasts in the ……….. to prepare my breakfast. a)Sheet c) toaster d) floor 5-Use the ………… to boil some water. a) Sink b)drawers c) kettle

85 Underline the correct choice. 1-I usually keep all cups and plates in the ……. a)Cooker b)cupboard c)fridge 2-Linda uses a ………… to wash her clothes. a)Sink b)toaster c) washing machine. 3-Leave the dirty dishes in the ……., I will clean them later. a)Pillow c)wardrobe d) sink 4-I put some toasts in the ……….. for my breakfast. a)Sheet c) toaster d) floor 5-Use the ………… to boil some water. a) Sink b)drawers c) kettle

86 6- I have a …………. In my bedroom because I like to read something before I sleep. a) Drawers b)carpet c) bookcase 7- It was so cold so I covered myself with a …….. and 2 ……….. a)pillow/ sheets b) sheet/ blankets c)rug/blanket d) sheets/ blanket 8- I use an …………… to wake up early to go to work. a)Night table b) lamp c) alarm clock 9-There is a ………… on the ……….. next to my bed. a)lamp/ night table b) alarm clock/ night table c)pillow/ desk d) Both A & B are correct.

87 6- I have a …………. In my bedroom because I like to read before I sleep. a) Drawers b)carpet c) bookcase 7- It was so cold so I covered myself with a …….. and 2 ……….. a)pillow/ sheets b) sheet/ blankets c)rug/blanket d) sheets/ blanket 8- I use an …………… to wake up early to go to work. a)Night table b) lamp c) alarm clock 9-There is a ………… on the ……….. next to my bed. a)lamp/ night table b) alarm clock/ night table c)pillow/ desk d) Both A & B are correct.

88 10- I always keep my underwear in the …….. In my bed room. a)Carpet b)night table c) dresser d) chest of drawers e) Both C & D are correct. 11- My ……… is totally filled with my clothes. I need to get a bigger one. a)Table b)cupboard c) wardrobe d) fridge 12- You need to put the cheesecake in the ….. For few hours. a)Sink b) fridge c)kettle d)pillow 13-I always like to study at my ……….. I can’t study sitting on the …….. a)desk/ floor b)bed/desk c) blanket/ desk d)table/ chair e)floor/ desk

89 10- I always keep my underwear in the …….. In my bed room. a)Carpet b)night table c) dresser d) chest of drawers e) Both C & D are correct. 11- My ……… is totally filled with my clothes. I need to get a bigger one. a)Table b)cupboard c) wardrobe d) fridge 12- You need to put the cheesecake in the ….. For few hours. a)Sink b) fridge c)kettle d)pillow 13-I always like to study at my ……….. I can’t study sitting on the …….. a)desk/ floor b)bed/desk c) blanket/ desk d)table/ chair e)floor/ desk

90 14- I like to open my bedroom’s ………… in the morning to let the sunlight in. a)Wardrobe b) drawer c) window d)picture 15-You can use the …….. To warm your food. a) Sink b) kettle c) microwave d)carpet 16-when you sleep, you need to have a comfortable …….. So as not to hurt your neck. a)Blanket b) picture c) pillow d) sheet 17-You need to keep the ice cream in the …..or it will melt. a) Cooker b) freezer c) sink d)dresser

91 14- I like to open my bedroom’s ………… in the morning to let the sunlight in. a)Wardrobe b) drawer c) window d)picture 15-You can use the …….. To warm your food. a) Sink b) kettle c) microwave d)carpet 16-when you sleep, you need to have a comfortable …….. So as not to hurt your neck. a)Blanket b) picture c) pillow d) sheet 17-You need to keep the ice cream in the …..or it will melt. a) Cooker b) freezer c) sink d)dresser

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