2A business letter is also known as a formal letter. What is a business letter?A business letter is a written or typed message from one business party to another, from one individual to an organization, or from one individual to another within an organisation for business related purposes.
3What is the difference between an informal letter and a business letter? Basically, it depends on the purpose and the way they are written.An Informal Letter is written in a conversational and friendly manner because it is written between friends or very close acquaintances.A business letter is written solely for business/formal purposes and therefore has formal language.
4For what Purposes can formal letters be written? to apply for jobsto make an enquiry of a service, information, etc., or to deliver such.to make an appointment.to lodge in a complaint.to apologiseto recommend someone for a certain job or position, or to recommend a service to praise for a service offered etc.
5Think before you writeWhat guidelines should I keep in Mind when writing for Business purposes?Firstly, Know your purpose for writing. Ask yourself questions like:Why am I writing this formal letter?What response do I want from the recipient (s)?What do I hope to achieve from writing this formal letter?Indeed, what is my goal?
6Different parts of a letter Letter head Dateline Sender’s address Inside address Reference/ Subject Salutation Body text Complimentary close Signature block Stenographic reference Enclosure CC
7Contents in different parts The StartDear Personnel Director,Dear Sir or Madam: (use if you don't know who you are writing to)Dear Dr, Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms Smith: (VERY IMPORTANT use Ms for women unless asked to use Mrs or Miss)Dear Frank: (use if the person is a close business contact or friend)
8Contents in different parts The ReferenceThe reference no. of previous letterWith reference to your advertisement in theTimes, your letter of 23 rd March, your phone call today,Thank you for your letter of March 5 th .
9Contents in different parts Enclosing DocumentsI am enclosing Please find enclosed Enclosed you will findClosing RemarksThank you for your help Please contact us again if we can help in any way. there are any problems. you have any questions.
10Contents in different parts Reference to Future ContactI look forward to ... hearing from you soon. meeting you next Tuesday. seeing you next Thursday.The FinishYours faithfully, (If you don't know the name of the person you're writing to)Yours sincerely, (If you know the name of the person you're writing to)Best wishes,Best regards, (If the person is a close business contact or friend)
17SemiblockDate is flush with the right margin.Inside address and salutation are set flush with the left margin.Paragraphs are indented.Complimentary close and signature are slightly to the right of the centre.
19SimplifiedNo salutation or complimentary close.All lines begin flush with the left margin.Date is six lines below the letterhead.Inside address is four or more lines below the date line.Subject line is in all caps, there lines below the inside address and above the body of the letter.Writer’s name and title are typed in caps, four or five lines below the body of the letter.