Chapter 13 Ancient Greece Section 1 The Aegean World
Anticipatory Set A-MAZE-ING Adventure!!! One day I decided that I wanted to complete this huge maze. As I started the course, I felt so small. The paths were narrow, and it was hard for me to find a way out or even contact my friends on the other parts. Once I reached the end I knew that I had made it! Finally I could reunite with my friends. The Greeks had narrow paths holding them back from being united all because of their geography.
Standards H-SS 6.4.1 Discuss the connections between geography and the development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea, including patterns of trade and commerce among the Greek city-states and within the wider Mediterranean region. E-LA Reading 6.1.3 Recognize the origins and meanings of frequently used foreign words in English and use these words accurately in speaking and writing.
Objective Students will be able to read about the geography of ancient Greece and it’s limited farmland. They will also be able to comprehend why the sea was so important to Greek society.
Language of the Discipline Peninsula Mainland Isthmus Mediterranean Sea
The Geography of Greece (Input) Even though the land of Greece was small, it had many kings who conquered many lands and ideas that reached around the world. Greek culture played a huge role in the growth of western civilization Many words and ideas we use today can be traced back to the Greeks. Ancient Greece was not just one country but a region Greece’s geography had a huge effect on how people lived.
The Geography of Greece (Input) Most of Greece is a large peninsula that stick out into the Mediterranean Sea A peninsula is a body of land surrounded on three sides by water The Greek Peninsula sits between Europe, Africa, and Asia. For centuries travelers and traders passing through or near Greece exchanged goods, ideas, and customs.
The Geography of Greece (Input) Greece is surrounded by three bodies of water To the east Aegean Sea Beyond the Aegean Western Asia To the west Ionian Sea – between Greece and the Italian Peninsula To the south The Mediterranean Sea and the coast of North Africa
The Geography of Greece (Input) The surrounding seas have hundreds of small islands. The largest one is Crete which is on the southern tip of the Greek Peninsula. The first civilization to appear in Europe was in Crete also known as the Minoan civilization named after King Minos. They had great stone palaces They traded with other lands They did not speak Greek but were of high influence to Greek society Later their palaces were destroyed over time (some say it might have been due to natural disasters).
The Geography of Greece (Input) The Greek Peninsula has a rocky coastline. Large bays cut into the mainland or the part of a country that is attached to the continent. Many peninsulas extend into the Greek mainland like the Peloponnesian Peninsula. Greece’s peninsula is also connected by an isthmus or narrow strip of land that connects two larger bodies of land. In ancient times Greece included the coastline of the eastern edge of the Aegean Sea which is now present day Turkey and southwest Asia which was called Ionia.
The Effects of Geography (Input) Mountains, seas, and climate were factors that shaped the way ancient Greeks lived. Landscape had a big effect on agriculture Mountains were good for grazing sheep but were too steep and rocky for farming Fertile land was limited to the low land valleys for farming (less than ¼) Due to the lack of farmland, farmers could not produce grain which was the most important food source of the time.
The Effects of Geography (Input) Mountains separated Greek settlements from each other Most towns were isolated by deep valleys The narrow paths made it take days to go from on town to the other. As a result Greece has a lot of trouble uniting
The Effects of Geography (Input) Even though they could not produce grain, Greece was fortunate to have the sea Most towns were 60 miles from the sea, but many were much closer. As a result the Greeks engaged in fishing and trade. Fish became a main food source and the sea became a highway for trade and transportation. These geographic barriers had the Greek people living in small independent communities
Climate (Input) Greece has a Mediterranean climate which features mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Greek farmers had the risk of too much rain or flooding in the winter. On the contrary they had to deal with long hot summers as well with little rain.
Climate (Input) These climate conditions also made it difficult for farmers to grow shallow-rooted crops that needed frequent watering. They had ideal land for deep-rooted crops like olive trees and grape vines. Therefore olive oil and wine became important trade items or goods. The Greeks even believed that their mild, dry climate made the superior to others. Although that might not be true, they did build an amazing civilization in a land with limited resources.
Check for Understanding Please determine the BEST answer for the following question. Please write your answer on your white boards and wait for the teacher’s signal. On the teacher’s signal, hold up your white boards.
Checking for Understanding Question #1 A body of land surrounded by three sides of water is called a ___________________. Peninsula
Checking for Understanding Question #2 What were the three factors that shaped the way ancient Greeks lived? Mountains, seas, and climate
Checking for Understanding Question #3 What was the main source of food and trade that the Greek’s had because they could not farm on the rocky and dry land? The sea
Guided Practice/Independent Practice Guided Practice Complete questions 1 and 2 on the reading comprehension worksheet. Raise your hand and wait to get stamped. Independent Practice Once you have been stamped moved to independent practice and complete numbers 3 and 4 on the reading comprehension worksheet. Homework Note-taking guide on the reverse side.