11 What happened in Olympia, Greece in 776 BCE? What is Greece’s capital city called?How many letters make up the Greek alphabet?What is Greece’s national cheese?What is the currency used in Greece?How many Greeks work in agriculture?What two major geographic features shape Greece?How many islands are apart of Greece?What religion do ninety-eight percent of Greeks belong to?What is a major holiday in Greece?First OlympicsAthens24fetaEuroOne in fiveMountains and Seas2000Greek Orthodox Church ~ ChristianEaster and Christmas
20 Peloponnesus Peninsula and numerous islands in the Aegean Sea 2)They were separated from one another by rugged mountains, bays and inlets, and by being on an island3) Most Ancient Greeks were farmers
21 4) A Mediterranean climate – mild winters with hot, sunny summers 4) A Mediterranean climate – mild winters with hot, sunny summers you can grow crops all year round similar to southern California5) Mainly grow grapes and olivesGrow small amounts of wheat and barley
22 6) Main disadvantage is that only ¼ of the land is level so they could only grow small amounts of grain crops and, therefore, they had to trade with others to get more grain
23 7) Main advantage is the sea – it connected all Greeks to one another and Greece to other civilizations so that they could trade and get what they needed
24 LOCATIONGreece is located in southern Europe between Albania and Turkey. It borders the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. It has a population of 10,964,020. Athens is its capital.
25 AREAGreece has a total area of 131,940 sq km. That means it is slightly smaller than Alabama
26 CLIMATEGreece has a Mediterranean climate with plenty of sunshine, mild temperatures and a limited amount of rainfall.
27 SUMMERIn summer, the dry hot days are cooled by seasonal winds called the meltemi, while mountainous regions have generally lower temperatures.
28 WINTERThe winters are mild in lowland areas, with a minimum amount of snow and ice, yet, mountains are usually snow-covered.
29 TERRAINGreece consists of a mountainous and craggy mainland jutting out into the sea. Four-fifths of Greece consist of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Greece has the tenth longest coastline in the world.
30 LAND USEAbout 20% of Greece is farmable. Farmers grow olives, figs, fruit, grapes, and very little grain.