2Fun Facts about the Nile River World’s longest riverFlows north over 4,000 miles from the mountains in east AfricaFlows through modern Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt.Empties into the Mediterranean SeaSeparates into the Nile deltaFloods its banks every yearEgypt’s major resource
3Delta: A very fertile, flat land made of silt dropped by a river as it grains into a larger body of water.Map ViewSatellite View
4Lower EgyptNorthern Egypt is called Lower Egypt because it lies “lower”, or downstream.
5Upper EgyptThe south is “upstream”. The Nile cuts through some cliffs and desert sands.
6ShadoofA tool used to lift water into the fields.
7Upper and Lower Egypt UPPER EGYPT Southern Upstream Nile River Valley Stone cliffsDesert sandsLOWER EGYPTNorthernDownstreamNile DeltaFertilelowlands
8FloodingCauses: The rainy season from May to September had heavy rainfall that caused the river to rise, carrying silt as it flows North. When they reach Egypt they slow down and flood the banks.Effects:Too much=villages destroyed and animals drownedToo little=crops would failRight amount=fertile soil and Egyptian agriculture would thriveActions taken:Used an irrigation system that included canalsUsed a shadoof to lift water into the fieldsBuilt a “Nilometer”, or special staircase with measured steps, to keep track of how much flooding took place
9Hymn to the Nile Why is Egypt called the “Gift of the Nile”? This passage praises the Nile like a God for everything it provides for the people of Egypt.Egypt is called the “Gift of the Nile” because without the Nile the Egyptian civilization would not have been possible. The Nile River made agriculture possible in the dry, desert regions of Egypt and made the Nile Delta lowlands very fertile. The prosperity from agriculture allowed the Egyptians to have specialization of jobs, which increased trade. The Nile also provided a great source of transportation for the people of Egypt, allowing them to gain wealth through trade.