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3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid. A new opportunity from 3M Sustainable technology for special hazards 3M ™ Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid.

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Presentation on theme: "3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid. A new opportunity from 3M Sustainable technology for special hazards 3M ™ Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid."— Presentation transcript:

1 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid

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5 A new opportunity from 3M Sustainable technology for special hazards 3M ™ Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid A new opportunity from 3M

6 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid “For fire protection of special hazards” High value Must continue operations Life safety is paramount – Including emergency phones & control centers – Area protected is usually occupied Must be a clean agent Market Definition:

7 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid A Breakthrough in Fire Protection Science C 6 Fluoroketone F C O

8 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Introduction to 3M

9 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Global Focus Operations in more than 60 countries Sales in nearly 200 countries 50%+ of sales 50% of employees

10 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Year-end 2001 Contributions 3M and 3M Foundation More than $47 million 3M Performance Initiative Six Sigma 3M Acceleration eProductivity Sourcing Effectiveness Indirect-cost Control Sales Worldwide................... International (53% of total)....…......... Earnings Net income...........…...... R&D Expenditures For 2001.....……........... Total last 5 years….. Employees Worldwide…............ United States…….. 3M Facts $16.1 billion $8.5 billion $1.7 billion $1.1 billion $5.27 billion 71,669 36,102

11 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid 3M Brands

12 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Electronic Materials Paints, Coatings, Construction & Consumer Oil, Gas & Mining 3M Performance Materials Division

13 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Polymer Melt Additives Commercialization Government/ Transportation Polymer Melt Additives Commercialization Transportation 3M Performance Materials Division NEW 3M ™ Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid

14 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid General Properties

15 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid  Zero Ozone Depletion Potential  Very low GWP / Short atmospheric lifetime  Low toxicity  Effective for flooding & streaming  Safe for sensitive, valuable assets The “Next Generation” Halon Replacement Meeting industry concerns for safety, performance and the environment

16 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid The long-term, sustainable solution

17 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Novec ™ 1230 Fluid Safety Margin

18 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Novec 1230 HFC-236fa NAWC China Lake, California USA Novec 1230 HFC-236fa Performance Tests

19 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Under-floor UL/FM Flooding Application Approval Tests

20 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Large Room UL/FM Flooding Application Approval Tests

21 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Boiling point 49ºC (Liquid @ room temp.) Can be shipped by air Low vapor pressure Simple fill station requirements Multiple uses (includes streaming & flooding) Easy to fill, easy to transport

22 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Cylinders needed for typical Class A System Halon 1301HFC-227eaNovec 1230

23 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Cylinders needed for typical Class B System Halon 1301HFC-227eaNovec 1230

24 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Non-corrosive Long term (12 week, six month) tests complete Testing with plastics in process Not for use with fluoroelastomers Compatible with fire system materials

25 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Compatible with fire system materials Cray super computer

26 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Regulatory Status USATSCA registration complete SNAP: free to sell for streaming and flooding (Awaiting final publication) EuropeELINCS registered CanadaNotified to CEPA Q1/2002 KoreaRegistered AustraliaEstimated Q2/2002 JapanEstimated Q4/2002 ChinaComplete

27 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Sales & Marketing Support

28 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid The 3M brand stands for… Innovative, quality products and services that make your life easier; a company you can trust The Novec brand stands for… Safe, effective, sustainable, environmentally responsible solutions Leveraging the 3M & Novec brands

29 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products General Brochure

30 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products

31 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Sales Bulletin 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products

32 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Public Relations 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products

33 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Technical Papers 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products

34 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Trade Ad 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products

35 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Electronic Newsletter 3M ™ Novec ™ Branded Products

36 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Oct. 19, 2001 Loss Prevention Specialist Insurance Administrator Facilities Manager VP of Worldwide Operations Facilities & Business Contract Manager Chief Building Engineer Focus Group Research Participants Fire Protection Engineer Security & Safety Manager Others

37 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid On the value of the environmental benefits: “Even if (the system) was a little more expensive, it would be acceptable, just because of the environmental issues.” “From a PR standpoint, anything we can do to demonstrate that we are a ‘green’ company is helpful.” Typical Comments

38 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Will the 3M Brand help sell the system? “Yes…you want to know when you call for service, the company will be there; that they’re responsive; that they’ll back the product.” “And, is this company going to be around 10 years from now?” Typical Comments

39 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid On the properties of Novec 1230: “Very good…cylinder space is the same as FM-200, instead of over 7 times as much, as inert gas is. Design concentration about 5% and toxicity is 10%. That’s very good.” “Low design concentration is nice. You almost have a two times safety factor.” Typical Comments

40 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid How interested are you in learning more? “On a scale of 1 to 10, I’d definitely say 10.” “It sounds very compelling. Now show me the numbers.” “I’ll probably be contacting my research scientists tomorrow to look into this.” Typical Comments

41 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid On sustainability: “One of the issues is…you may have an agent that’s legal today, but 10 years from now it might not be.” Typical Comments

42 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid On priorities when selecting a system: “Protecting assets and our employees. Those are paramount.” Typical Comments

43 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Telling the environmental story

44 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Zero Ozone Depletion Potential Atmospheric lifetime of 5 days Global Warming Potential of 1 (100 year ITH) Ultimate Environmental Degradation Products are CO 2, HF and TFA Environmental Properties

45 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Cl + O 3 Ozone Depletion Atm. Lifetime + IR Absorbance Climate Change Environmental Persistence Fluorochemicals & the environment

46 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid  F has a catalytic efficiency <10 -4 that of Cl (<10 -5 Br)  Compounds containing only F are considered non- ozone depleting  Novec 1230 fluid is non-ozone depleting R-Cl + h R + Cl O 3 + Cl ClO + O 2 ClO + O Cl + O 2 O 3 + h O + O 2 ( <260 nm) ( <1140 nm) Fluorochemicals containing Cl or Br Potential contributors to ozone depletion

47 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Oxidation  Reactivity with Hydroxyl Radical Novec 1230 fluid is unreactive w/ OH Rain Out  Water Solubility Novec 1230 fluid is water insoluble (~1 ppmw) Photolysis  UV Absorbance Novec 1230 fluid has strong absorbance in the near UV Atmospheric Residence Time Controlling Factors

48 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid UV Absorbance Novec 1230 fluid vs. non-fluorinated ketones

49 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Penetration of Solar Radiation

50 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid UV Absorbance Novec 1230 fluid compared to various light sources

51 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid 24 hours exposure to 6500W Xenon Arc using borosilicate glass filter (Artificial sunlight via ASTM G26 light source) 69 % decomposed Equivalent to approximately 3 days of natural sunlight Photolysis of Novec 1230 fluid C 2 F 5 C(O)CF(CF 3 ) 2

52 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Relative rate experiments using Xenon UV lamp with lime glass filter Photodissociation rate of Novec 1230 fluid comparable to Acetaldehyde Atmospheric Lifetime of Novec 1230 fluid is 5 days Acetaldehyde, which has 5 day atmospheric lifetime via photolysis used as reference Photolysis of Novec 1230 fluid C 2 F 5 C(O)CF(CF 3 ) 2

53 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Infrared Cross-Section of Novec 1230 fluid

54 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Global Warming Potential (GWP)  Calculated using WMO 1998 method  Basis of 1 kg of compound x released  Calculated over a specified integration time horizon (ITH)  Result is equivalent number of kg of CO 2 released Results for Novec 1230 fluid 20 yr ITH100 yr ITH500 yr ITH GWP 4 1 0

55 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Naturally occurring compounds HFCs PFCs HFEs Novec 1230 fluid CompoundGWP (100 Yr ITH) CO 2 1 N2ON2O 296 CH 4 23 CF 3 CH 2 F (HFC-134a) 1,300 CF 3 CFHCF 3 (HFC-227ea) 3,500 CF 3 H (HFC-23)12,000 C2F6C2F6 11,900 C 3 F 8, C 4 F 10, C 6 F 14 8,600 - 9,000 SF 6 22,200 C 4 F 9 OCH 3 (HFE-7100) 320 C 4 F 9 OC 2 H 5 (HFE-7200) 55 C 2 F 5 C(O)CF(CF 3 ) 2 1 GWP of Various Compounds

56 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid C 2 F 5 C(O)CF(CF 3 ) 2 C 2 F 5 C(O) + CF(CF 3 ) 2 O2O2 CF 3 + CF 3 CF(O) H2OH2O CF 3 COOH + HF O2O2 (  s to weeks) h (days) ( max =306nm) 3CO 2 + 5HF CO 2 + 3HF Atmospheric Degradation Pathways Novec 1230 fluid

57 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Ozone Depletion Potential Halogenated Compounds Global Warming Potential 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 HFC-236fa halon 1211 halon 1301 HFC- 227ea Area of the circle is proportional to the atmospheric lifetime of the compound. Environmental Footprint Comparison 0 0 Novec 1230

58 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid System Design Considerations

59 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Typical Physical Properties Chemical formulaCF 3 CF 2 C(O)CF(CF 3 ) 2 Molecular weight316.04 Boiling point @ 1 atm49ºC (120.2º F) Freezing point-108ºC (-162.4ºF) Density, sat. Liquid @ 25ºC1.60 g/ml (99.9 lbm/ft 3 ) Density, gas 1 ATM @ 25ºC0.0184 g/ml (1.15 lbm/ft 3 ) Specific volume, 1 ATM @ 25ºC0.0543 m 3 /kg (0.870 ft 3 /lb) Liquid viscosity @ 25ºC0.41/0.56 centistokes Heat of vaporization @ BP88.1 kJ/kg (37.9 BTU/lb) Solubility of H 2 0 in Novec 1230 @ 25ºC <0.001% by wt. Vapor pressure @ 25ºC0.40 bar (5.87 psig) Dielectric strength (dry conditions)~60kV

60 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Elastomer Compatibility Novec 1230 fluid is compatible with normal materials of construction

61 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid ProductC 6 F-ketone Boiling Point(49°C) Metals (10 days minimum exposure) Aluminum Alloy 6262 T6511A* Brass Alloy UNS C36000A AISI Type 304L stainless steelA AISI Type 316L stainless steelA Copper UNS C12200A ASTM A 516, Grade 70 carbon steelA * A= no discoloration or destruction of fluid or metal at temperature indicated Metals Compatibility Effects of Boiling C 6 F-ketone on Various Metals

62 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid 3M Fire Test Facility, Mendota Heights MN Standard UL/FM ISO Test Enclosures

63 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Can Novec 1230 fluid be made to flood? The answer is… …Yes! Flooding Opportunity

64 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Design parameters expected to be achieved  Max fill density>1.0kg/l (61lb/ft 3 )  Min nozzle pressure< 7 bar (100psig)  Max dischargeStandard UL 10 sec  Min temperature condition  0º C (32º F)  Min extinguishing concentration4-6% v/v 3M ™ Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid

65 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid 5kg (11 lb) 1 gal glass jug 160kg (353 lb) 30 gal lined drum 1,200kg (2645.5 lb) 220 gal HDPE ICB 18,000kg (39,600 lb) ISO (Future) Packaging

66 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid For special hazards Addresses environmental concerns: Zero ODP, GWP of 1, Atmospheric Lifetime of 5 days Safe for people—up to 150% margin of safety Fast, effective extinguishment for flooding and streaming Allows efficient use of space Easy to handle: compact, low-pressure, easily transportable Global regulatory approvals Leverages the power of the 3M and Novec brands 3M technical and marketing support Sustainable Technology

67 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid Thank you for your interest!

68 3 Novec ™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid For compounds with H A < 400 M/atm, < 1% dissolve into aqueous phase A significant fraction of a compound ( > 10%) partitions into the aqueous phase only if H A > 5000 M/atm H A of Novec 1230 fluid ~ 8x10 -6 M/atm As a result, rainout is not a significant removal mechanism for Novec 1230 fluid Gas/Aqueous-Phase Distribution in the Atmosphere A(g)  A(aq) Henry’s Constant (H A ) = [A(aq)] / p A


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