Presentation on theme: " Компьютерная презентация по теме «Лондон» к учебнику 4 класса «English Student’s Book» И.Н. Верещагина, О.В. Афанасьева Автор: учитель английского языка."— Presentation transcript:
Компьютерная презентация по теме «Лондон» к учебнику 4 класса «English Student’s Book» И.Н. Верещагина, О.В. Афанасьева Автор: учитель английского языка Блинова В.А. ГБОУ СОШ № 1232
The Romans went to England many years ago.
They built a town on the River Thames.
The name of the town was LONDINIUM.
Soon the Romans built a bridge over the River Thames.
Until 1749 there was only one bridge over the river. It looked very strange. There were houses and shops on the bridge.
The Romans built a lot of roads in Londinium.
By the year 400, there were fifty thousand people in Londinium.
Soon after 400, the Romans left Britain.
The River Thames has always been part of London’s history.
In Roman times Londinium was a small town with the Thames in its center.
LET’S LEARN TO PRONOUNCE THE WORDS 1. century – век 2. William the Conqueror – Вильгельм Завоеватель 3. The Great Fire of London 4. a baker – булочник 5. to burn (burnt, burnt) – гореть 6. to destroy – уничтожить
WILLIAM the CONQUEROR KING of ENGLAND
WILLIAM the CONQUEROR At the beginning of the 11 th century England was already a great country and London was a very important city.
In 1066 William the Conqueror and his people went to England from Normandy in France.
WILLIAM the CONQUEROR became King of England.
William was afraid of the English, of the people of London and he built the WHITE TOWER to live in.
LONDON’S HISTORY THE GREAT FIRE By 1600 there were more than two hundred thousand people in London. In those days people usually built houses of wood, and they often were near one another.
Sometimes there were fires in the city, but they were usually very small.
Then came 1666, the year of the Great Fire of London.
On Saturday, On the second of September 1666 there was a strong wind from the river and a big fire began. It started in the house of the king’s baker, near London Bridge.
The baker’s wife woke up in the middle of the night because the house was on fire. Soon the next house started burning and then the next and the next.
The fire burnt until Thursday. Many houses in London were burnt. The fire burnt for four days and destroyed 80% of the city.
London is the capital of Great Britain. It’s the biggest city in England. It’s a centre for business and tourism. It’s in fact two cities: the City of London and the City of Westminster.
London stands on the River Thames. There are 27 bridges over the River and 8 tunnels under the River.
London is 46 kilometres from north to south and 58 kilometres from east to west.
THE ROYAL OPERA or COVENT GARDEN There are a lot of theatres in London.
THE “ODEON” You can see a lot of cinemas in London.
THE BRITISH MUSEUM Tourists like to visit different museums.
ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL There are a lot of old churches in the city.
OXFORD STREET There are about 10 thousand streets in London.
HYDE PARK You can find beautiful parks in London.
BLOOMSBURY SQUARE There are a lot of green squares in London.
Learn how to pronounce the new words 1. a fortress – крепость 2. a prison – тюрьма 3. square walls – квадратные стены 4. a raven – ворон 5. to believe – верить 6. while – пока 7. an architect – архитектор 8. Sir Christopher Wren 9. a column – колона 10. a bell - колокол
The heart of London is the City. It is the oldest part of London. Many people work in the City but very few live there.
There are a lot of banks and other offices there. You can also visit some interesting places in the City.
One of them is the Tower of London. In former times it was a fortress, a palace, a prison and the King’s Zoo. Now it’s a museum.
You can see a lot of interesting things in the rooms of the White Tower. Its square walls are white and very tall.
There are always black ravens in the Tower of London. People look after them because they believe that London will be rich while ravens live there.
St. Paul’s Cathedral is not far from the Tower of London.
The famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren built it in the 17 th century after the Great Fire.
It took him 35 years to build this wonderful cathedral.
It is a beautiful building with many columns and towers. In one of its towers there is one of the largest bells in the world.
LEARN THE NEW WORDS 1. Trafalgar Square – Трафальгарская площадь 2. a monument to – памятник к-л 3. Admiral Nelson – адмирал Нельсон 4. bronze – бронзовый 5. a fountain – фонтан 6. the National Gallery – национальная галерея 7. a tourist - турист
TRAFALGAR SQUARE Trafalgar Square is in the centre of London. In the middle of the square stands a tall column. It is a monument to Admiral Nelson.
Four bronze lions look at the square from the monument.
There are two beautiful fountains in the square.
They are in front of the National Gallery. It is one of the best picture galleries in the world. Every day a lot of tourists visit this fine building with its tall columns.
LEARN THE NEW WORDS 1. Westminster 2. the political centre 3. Whitehall 4. the Prime Minister 5. Downing Street 10 6. Parliament Square 7. The Houses of Parliament 8. Big Ben 9. to get a name after - называться по имени 10. Sir Benjamin Hall 11. a nickname - прозвище
WESTMINSTER The political centre of London is Westminster. There are a lot of offices in this part of London.
WHITEHALL Whitehall is a wide street. It leads to Parliament Square.
DOWNING STREET 10 If you go down Whitehall from Trafalgar Square on the right you will see a small street where the British Prime Minister lives. The place is Downing Street 10.
PARLIAMENT SQUARE THE HOUSES of PARLIAMENT Parliament Square is very large. On the left you can see a long grey building with towers. It is the Houses of Parliament.
BIG BEN The large clock in one of the towers is Big Ben. Big Ben is the name of the clock and the bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. The bell strikes every hour.
The clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin Hall. He was a tall man. His nickname was Big Ben.
WESTMINSTER BRIDGE The Thames is behind the Houses of Parliament. The bridge across it is Westminster Bridge.
LEARN THE NEW WORDS 1. on the other side – на другой стороне 2. Westminster Abbey – Вестминстерское аббатство 3. a statue - статуя 4. are buried – похоронены 5. Poets Corner – Уголок поэтов 6. Buckingham Palace – Букингемский дворец 7. Queen Victoria Memorial – мемориал Королевы Виктории
WESTMINSTER ABBEY On the other side of Parliament Square is Westminster Abbey. It is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in London. It is more than 900 years old.
There are many monuments and statues there. Many kings and queens are buried there.
POETS CORNER Westminster Abbey is famous for its Poets Corner. Many great poets and writers are buried there: for example Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.
The Palace is a wonderful building with a monument in frontof it. It is the Queen Victoria Memorial. The Palace is a wonderful building with a monument in front of it. It is the Queen Victoria Memorial.
THERE ARE A LOT OF OTHER PLACES TO SEE IN LONDON Go to this wonderful city and see everything with your own eyes!!!