Presentation on theme: "Warm -up Copy HW Please grab a handout and packet from the front desk-pages 29-32 Begin your handout by listing three emotions evoked by the painting below."— Presentation transcript:
Warm -up Copy HW Please grab a handout and packet from the front desk-pages 29-32 Begin your handout by listing three emotions evoked by the painting below
Essential Questions What happens when different cultures interact with each other? How can societies use what they learn from the past? What happens when societies are confronted with change? How does religion impact social and political institutions?
The Black Death The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel
What kind of story do you think the artist is trying to tell?
What was the Black Death? Deadly plague in Europe 1346- 1352 Plague-disease that spreads quickly and kills many people Caused by form of bacteria carried by fleas
How did the Black Death spread to Europe? Began in Gobi Desert and spread over trade routes along the Silk Road Mongols attack Caffa on the Black Sea – Caffa trades with Genoa merchants – They carry the plague to Sicily Merchants brought rats to Europe with trade goods 1 st appeared in Italy and spread for 6 years
Black Death Why might an area in green have been spared the Black Death?
Yersinia pestis This bacterium, carried and spread by fleas, is generally thought to have been the cause of millions of deaths
Appeared in three forms Pneumonic-attacked lungs and caused coughing and sneezing fits Septicemic- traveled in bloodstream causing black spots under the skin Bubonic - most common which caused egg-sized swellings
How did the Black Death change life in Europe? 38 million people may have died in Europe 200-250 million world -wide 33%-everywhere 50% -cities
Economic Effects Labor shortage Money lenders –their business was ruined Wages-up prices- down
Social Effects Breakdown of Feudalism People were ignorant of its causes- blamed stars, infected clothing, God’s anger at sinners or Jewish people Tried ineffective cures- pomanders, flagellation (whipping one’s self), repentance of sins, and killing Jews No cure worked
Political Courts disbanded Increased power of Kings
Cultural Art represented death Questioning church/prayer
SO WHAT????? The black death helped lead to the end of the Middle Ages and it led to… Wealth A more secular outlook The RENAISSANCE