2 The Plague: Primary Source Quotes Taken from Jackdaw’s The Black Death Packet “So great was the want of laborers that a third part and more of the land throughout the entire kingdom went uncultivated [unfarmed].” - A chronicler in England (The Economic Effect, Broadsheet VI) “…with constant fever, there were external carbuncles, or buboes [swollen, red, puss-filled lump beneath the skin], under the arm or in the groin and the disease ran its course in five days. The contagion was so great, especially when there was blood-spitting, that even by looking at the sick, people seemed to take it.” - Guy de Chauliac, physician to Pope Clement VI (Diagnosis, Broadsheet II) By April, 1348, “more than half the people at Avignon [French village] are already dead and within the walls of the city there are more than 7,000 houses shut up. In three months…62,000 bodies have been buried in Avignon.” - Anonymous writer (Rules and Regulations Broadsheet III)
3 What is the Black Plague A plague caused by the bacterium Pastuerella pestis
4 Multiple names Multiple names How do you think these names formed? The Bubonic PlaqueThe Black DeathThe Black PlagueHow do you think these names formed?
5 Three types of the Black Plague Pneumonic plagueAttacked the lungsSepticemic plagueRarest form and most deadlyTraveled in the blood streamBubonic plagueMost commonEgg-sized swellings called buboesAppreared on the neck, armpits, and groinCaused fever and delerium
6 Where did the Plague come from? Plague originated in the Gobi Desert in MongoliaSpread through Europe on trade routes such as the Silk Road
7 What carried the plague The plague was hosted by fleasThe fleas were hosted by ratsRats were on the ships that were used to trade goods
8 Consequences of the Plague One-Third of Europe’s population died as a result of the plagueEstimated to be 25 million peopleWho was effected by the plague?EveryonePriestSkilled workersCommon man
9 With so many deaths… With so many deaths what did people do? What happened to skilled positions?