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“The latest on BIODIESEL” Peter Reimers, Archer Daniels Midland Canola Council of Canada 2004 Annual Convention.

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Presentation on theme: "“The latest on BIODIESEL” Peter Reimers, Archer Daniels Midland Canola Council of Canada 2004 Annual Convention."— Presentation transcript:

1 “The latest on BIODIESEL” Peter Reimers, Archer Daniels Midland Canola Council of Canada 2004 Annual Convention

2 Capacities Subsidies Feed stocks Glycerin Basics

3 Synthesis of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) 1 Triglyceride (vegetable Oil) 1 Glycerol 3 Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (Biodiesel) 3 Methanol Basics

4 Which blend makes sense? B 100:biodegradability B 20:emission reduction B 2:lubricity

5 ..significant biodegradability at 100%… Source: Chuck Peterson, U of Idaho

6 ..significant biodegradability at 100%… Source: Chuck Peterson, U of Idaho

7 ..significant biodegradability at 100%… Source: Chuck Peterson, U of Idaho

8 ..significant biodegradability at 100%… Source: Chuck Peterson, U of Idaho

9 ..significant emission reduction at 20%… Source: Chuck Peterson, U of Idaho

10 Comprehensive EPA Study Source: National Biodiesel Board

11 Cleaner Emissions Emission TypeB100B20B2 Total Unburned Hydrocarbons-67%-20%-2.2% Carbon Monoxide-48%-12%-1.3% Particulate Matter-47%-12%-1.3% Oxides of Nitrogen (NO X )+10%+2%+.2% Source: National Biodiesel Board

12 ..significant lubricity enhancement at 2%…

13 Source: National Biodiesel Board

14 Canola vs. Soybean ACIDCanolaSoy PalmiticC StearicC-1824 OleicC-18:16022 LinoleicC-18:22054 LinolenicC-18:398 Cold flow Polymerization

15 RELATIVE OXIDATION RATES Fatty AcidOxidation Rate Stearic Acid (C18:0)1 Oleic Acid (C18:1)10 Linoleic Acid (C18:2)100 Linolenic Acid (C18:3)150

16 Cold Filter Plug Point IP 309 Percent Biodiesel Degrees F Soy biodiesel Canola biodiesel with additive Source: National Biodiesel Board

17 EU and New Member States in mio. Mt/year

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20 Taxes and Subsidies

21 Distribution of Sources (source: HBI International)

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