2Rebelling against the Neoclassic period’s RomanticismRebelling against the Neoclassic period’sAge of Reason,the Romantic era was anAge of Sensibility
3over rational objectivity Romanticisman Age of Sensibility meaning Artists (and writers) chose emotion and intuitionover rational objectivity
4Trust your heart, not your head! RomanticismTrust your heart,not your head!
5RomanticismThey were about the freedom of individual thought and the ability to express oneself openly.
6These artists also tended to be temperamental- the troubled genius. RomanticismThese artists also tended to be temperamental-the troubled genius.
7Gothic horror stories were also in vogue- Frankenstein… RomanticismGot its name from a revived interest in medieval tales called romances- knights in armor, King Arthur…Gothic horror stories were also in vogue- Frankenstein…There was a revival ofGothic architecture
8Big contrast from the more intellectual, rational Neoclassical themes. An incubus, a demon believed in medieval times to prey on sleeping women, sits on the her.Romantic artists liked to depict the dark terrain of the human subconscious.Big contrast from the more intellectual, rational Neoclassical themes.Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare,1781
9Goya and Gericault visited insane asylums to use as subject matter. RomanticismGoya and Gericault visited insane asylums to use as subject matter.
10Romanticism New subjects: Grand political canvases The world of the unconsciousThe awesome grandeur of nature
11Romanticism Even landscapes were used as political statements Constable=nature against the Industrial revolutionCole=criticism on how Americans were polluting there land
12John Constable 1776-1837 English Romantic landscape painter Sold more paintings in France than in his home land, EnglandHe was never financially successful
13John ConstablePaints the English countryside as a reaction against the Industrial Revolution which was moving in on it.Painting of the village of Dedham in Essex, 1802
14John ConstableVibrant, shimmering paint atmospheric effects Oneness with nature; man is an active participant but does not disturb it.The Hay Wain, 1821
15John ConstableOneness with nature; man is an active participant but does not disturb it.
16Joseph Turner, 1775-1851 English Romantic landscape painter, and printmakerAlso one of the greatest watercolor landscape paintersknown as the “painter of light”Turner liked extremes in nature: avalanches, sea storms, whirlwinds, etc.
17John TurnerColor is the dominant motif “Warm and cool colors; tall, white, glowing, pale glorious ship of the past contrasted with small, black, modern tugboat of the future”The Fighting Temeaire, oil on canvas.1838
18John TurnerColor is the dominant motif “Warm and cool colors; tall, white, glowing, pale glorious ship of the past contrasted with small, black, modern tugboat of the future”The Fighting Temeaire, oil on canvas.1838
19Romanticism The sublime- Any cathartic experience from catastrophic to intellectual that causes the viewer to marvel in awe, wonder and passion
21Turner, The Slave Ship,1840The Zong is traveling to the New World and all the slaves die of disease. They were thrown overboard because the insurance co. wouldn’t pay unless they died from a natural calamity.Deeper meaning- humanity/ $= more than human life…Bloody red sunset symbolizing guilt
23The Hudson River School An American art movement by a group of landscape painters who were influenced by romanticism. They painted the Hudson River Valley, the Catskills, Adirondacks, and White Mountains..Thomas Cole, Lake Winnipisogee.
24The Hudson River School Wilderness became a symbol of America’s unspoiled national character- something to be proud of."school" in this sense refers to a group whose style demonstrates a common thread, not a learning institution.Thomas Cole, The Oxbow,1836.
25The Hudson River School Thomas Cole was the leader.Others included:Frederick ChurchAsher DurandAlbert BierstadtThomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836.
30Asher B. Durand, Kindred Spirits, 1849. It depicts the recently deceased painter Thomas Cole and his friend the poet William Cullen Bryant in the Catskill Mountains. The place is idealized.Sold at auction in 2005 to for $35 million, a record for a painting by an American artist.
31Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868 Albert Bierstadt,Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868Spectacular panoramic views
32Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868 Albert Bierstadt,Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868Luminism is the emphasis on light- how it changes with time of day
33Luminism is the emphasis on light- how it changes with time of day
35Theodore Gericault- French painter At 21, a painting prodigy.He is interested in human psychology
36Madwoman with a Mania of Envy Théodore Géricault,He examined the influence of mental state on the face.He made many studies of the inmates at hospitals and institutions for the criminally insane, and he studied the severed heads of guillotine victims.Madwoman with a Mania of Envy
37Gericault, Raft of the “Medusa” 15 survivors. 2 week ordeal. Cannibalism.His masterpiece.
38Gericault, Raft of the “Medusa” Shows his commitment to social justice.Commemorates a contemporary disaster at sea rather than a heroic example of Neoclassical patriotism.The raft become a floating hell of disease and death.
39Gericault, Mounted Officer of the Imperial Guard Compares with David’s Napoleon at Saint Bernard's Pass which like this glorifies equestrian courage.
40DelacroixHis work primarily was concerned with emotions, causes and politics- a reflection of his time.He as other Romantic painters, was not just trying to paint a pretty picture.
41Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People Revolution of 1830, aiming to overthrow gov’t soldiers.Pyramid. Students, middle and lower classes…
42Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People Populace united for a common goalHis paintings are characterized by broad sweeps of color, lively patterns, and energetic figural groupsThick brushstrokes; surface textures on the canvas
43Delacroix, Massacre at Chios, 1824 Distant places (Greece’s independence from Turkey), political freedom…
44Goya is an etching. He studied Rembrandt’s techniques He dismisses Neoclassicism. The Sleep of Reason Produces Monstersis an etching.He studied Rembrandt’s techniques.Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1798
45GoyaThis image shows Goya asleep, resting on a table, surrounded by menacing creatures who seem ready to attack. The owls symbolize folly, and the bats symbolize ignorance.Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1798
46Goya Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800 Painter to the King in 1786.King Charles IV and Queen surrounded by their children.Goya used his predecessor Diego Velazquez’s Las Meninas as inspiration for the work. Goya includes himself in the rear left of the painting in the act of painting on a large canvas.
48Christ-like sacrificial pose. Stigmata on hands. Church, silent and Execution of Spanish rebels after a failed uprising against the occupying French on May 2,1808. Faceless French.Christ-like sacrificialpose.Stigmata on hands.Church, silent andpowerless in thedistance.Blood soakedfigures in foregroundGoya, The Third of May 1808, 1814
50GoyaHis later works called the “Black Paintings.” Declining heath contributed to his state of mind, works became increasingly disillusioned and pessimistic.Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819
51GoyaMyth: he is eating his child because of a prophecy that one of them will grow up to be better than he.Symbolism:Human self-destructionTime destroys all its creationsA country’s “eating its young in pointless wars.