4 Types of Comics Single-panel Comic A stand-alone cartoon, usually intended to provoke laughter, often called a “gag comic” (traditionally found in a newspaper or magazine). Comic Strip A usually humorous narrative sequence of cartoon panels (traditionally found in a newspaper or magazine).
4 Types of Comics Comic Book A magazine with one or more comic strips, often with a sustained narrative Graphic Novel Similar structure to a comic book, but stories are more mature in nature
Comic Genres Genre- A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter
Thumbnail Sketches Small, unfinished sketches used to develop an idea
Character Profile A general outline that helps build your character’s personality What information might it include? Name, age, height, hobbies, etc.
Correct Facial Proportions Head Shape- ◦ Like an up-side-down egg Eyes- ◦ Halfway down the head Nose- ◦ Halfway between eyes and chin Mouth- ◦ Halfway between nose and chin Ears- ◦ Between eyes and nose Neck- ◦ Starts where ears end
3 Views of the Face Front View¾ View Profile View
Facial Expressions Eyes- most important feature to alter Mouth- almost as important as the eyes All features can be exaggerated When you change one facial feature, if will effect the others! When trying to draw different expressions, look in a mirror or use a reference image
Manga vs. Western Features Manga = larger eyes, pointier chins Manga Western
Character Portrait An illustration of your character from the shoulders-up, showing at least part of the face
Correct Body Proportions Definition of “Proportion”- part of the object compared to its whole (its general shape or form) Average adult human = 8 heads tall All body features have certain proportions You can exaggerate proportions in cartooning
Spine-Mannequin Technique Helps the artist maintain accurate scale and proportion while creating body mass Draw the spine (stick figure) then add the mannequin (shapes to build mass)
Foreshortening When the body isn’t standing at attention, limbs may look shorter than they would actually appear in real life and should be drawn as such
Micron Pens Fine point drawing and illustration pens that provide the archival quality of Pigma ink Different numbers = different tip thicknesses 01 (thin), 03 (medium), 05 (thick)
Prismacolor Markers Double-ended illustration markers that have an advanced dye-based alcohol ink formulation Use quick, even, and light strokes, and don’t press too hard Leave white space on paper for highlights Layer marks on top of one-another Colorless Blender- ◦ used to soften the edge between two different colors
Bristol Board Heavy, high-quality paper used for illustrating Smooth texture allows markers to blend easily