# Facial Proportion and the Self-Portrait

## Presentation on theme: "Facial Proportion and the Self-Portrait"— Presentation transcript:

Facial Proportion and the Self-Portrait
First Portion of Presentation Adapted From Presentations Created by Rock Ledge Elementary Fine Art Program, Seymour, WI Original Source:

The Self-Portrait: Here’s a drawing Leonardo da Vinci drew of himself as an old man. A picture that an artist makes of him/herself is called a self-portrait. Ask students to share with a partner why they think artists make self-portraits. Use class cards to call on students to share out. What decisions go into planning a self-portrait?

T-P-S: Do you notice anything in these portraits that might give insight into who the artist is?

What is Proportion? Simply… More Specifically…
Proportion means that you make the parts fit well with each other. More Specifically… Proportion in art is the relationship between two or more elements. When we talk about proportion in art we are comparing the size of one object in the artwork to the size of another related object in the artwork. Proportion is usually not even noticed until something is out of proportion. For example, if a person has a head larger than his entire body, then we would say that he is out of proportion. Good Proportion Out of Proportion

Other works with excellent Proportion:

Face Mapping Tell students that this is what they will be doing to compose their self-portraits. Face Mapping is a technique used to set up the proportion of the features on a face.

Draw an oval in the center of your paper Now using a ruler we’re going to draw some guidelines to help us map out our facial features.

Line of Symmetry Your face is symmetrical. This means if you think of an invisible line drawn down the middle of your face the features on the right side are the same as on the left side. Have students try this by tracing a finger down the center of their faces. Remember to draw lightly.

Eye Line Contrary to popular believe your eyes are not on the top portion of your face. Your eyes are located half way up or in the middle of your face . Have students place one finger at their eye line and then measure the space above and below the eye line to confirm this.

Eye Line Let’s see what this guy would look like if his eyes were located on the top portion of his face…

Eye Line Yikes!!!

Eye Line Using your ruler draw your eye line half way up or in the middle of your face. Remember to draw lightly.

The Camera The Human Eye Drawing your Self-Portrait: Eyes What shape are eyes? Quickly share with a partner about the shapes of their eyes.

Eyes Using the eye line as a guide draw the outside shape of your eye.

Eyes Now carefully erase your eye line.

Eyes Get help from a friend! Draw your iris, pupil, eyelid, and any other lines or qualities that make your eye unique. Iris Colored Part Circle Usually hidden on the top or bottom by the eyelid Pupil Black Center of Iris

Eye Brows What is unique about your eyebrows? Explain that students will be outlining their features, so they do not need to sketch them in at this point – just outline with a sketch.

Nose A Couple of Nose No-No’s This nose is for pumpkins only!!!

Nose A Couple of Nose No-No’s This type of nose is reserved for pigs!!!

Nose A couple of Nose No-No’s When drawing your nose from a front view do not draw your nose in profile or from the side.

Nose and Proportion The edges of your nose fall under the inside corners of your eyes. Direct students to feel with their finger where their nose starts by feeling at the corner of their eyes.

Parts of your Nose How are the parts of your nose shaped? What makes your nose unique?

The Bridge of your Nose Some artists choose not to draw lines for the bridge. Some draw implied lines for the bridge.

Nose Remember make your nostrils oval or elliptical shape. NO PIG NOSTRILS! If you would like to draw the bridge go ahead. The Bridge of your Nose

Mouth Mouth No-No’s

Mouth Mouth No-No’s Too Simple!!!

Mouth and Proportion The corners of your lips fall under the pupils of your eye.

Mouth Draw your top and bottom lips to create your mouth. Draw what you see in the mirror.

Line of Symmetry Now very carefully erase your line of symmetry

Neck and Shoulders Look at your neck, shoulders, and clothing. Draw what you see.

Ears and Proportion The tops of your ears are at the same height as the corner of your eye. The bottoms of your ear are at the same height as the bottom of your nose. Have students identify this with their hands.