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Analogies EOC practice Spring 2012
Types of Analogies Synonyms Antonyms Part and whole Characteristic/quality Classification Cause and effect Function Location Degree Performer and object Performer and action Action and object
Analogies Complete each analogy by choosing the correct pair of words. 1. Notes: Scale:: (a) words: novel (b) months: season (c) pennies: dime (d) colors: spectrum (e) strings: violin 2. Sandpaper: Smooth:: (a) metal: burnish (b) millstone: grind (c) wallpaper: wall (d) ax: sharpen (e) notepaper: message 3. Amnesia: Remember:: (a) insomnia: sleep (b) antacid: soothe (c) anemia: blood (d) digest: eat (e) knowledge: learn 4. Mournful: Grief:: (a) insecure: loneliness (b) electric: lightning (c) frosty: wither (d) joyous: sadness (e) furious: anger
Analogies 5. Rodent: Mammal:: (a) butterfly: moth (b) predator: prey (c) gerbil: giraffe (d) human: woman (e) owl: bird 6. Patent: Inventor:: (a) poem: poet (b) discovery: explorer (c) copyright: author (d) script: actor (e) operation: surgeon 7. Wobbly: Stable:: (a) swine: sty (b) fuzzy: clear (c) sour: edible (d) lofty: mountain (e) eerie: chilling 8. Tangible: Touch:: (a) arable: land (b) olfactory: nose (c) solid: see (d) audible: hear (e) terrible: frighten
Analogies 9. Tyrant: Dominate:: (a) muse: ruminate (b) teacher: instruct (c) sailor: unfurl (d) stethoscope: listen (e) cad: amuse 10. Opera: Overture:: (a) drama: proscenium (b) speech: eloquence (c) novel: preface (d) oratorio: motet (e) poem: stanza 11. Passes: Mountains:: (a) lanes: highways (b) canyons: plains (c) wagons: trails (d) tunnels: caverns (e) fords: rivers 12. Apathetic: Emotions:: (a) nefarious: wickedness (b) disinterested: bias (c) affable: honor (d) hectic: action (e) anarchic: intelligence
Analogies 13. Fox: Sly:: (a) gull: flock (b) bear: sagacious (c) owl: carnivorous (d) bee: fly (e) peacock: proud 14. Archipelago: Island:: (a) butte: hill (b) glacier: ice (c) grove: tree (d) Yucatan: peninsula (e) ocean: gulf 15. Centaur: Horse:: (a) mermaid: fish (b) vampire: bat (c) shepherd: sheep (d) vixen: fox (e) cub: bear 16. Apathetic: Emotions:: (a) nefarious: wickedness (b) disinterested: bias (c) affable: honor (d) hectic: action (e) anarchic: intelligence
Analogies 17. Bicuspid: Tooth:: (a) giraffe: neck (b) stethoscope: heart (c) insulin: pancreas (d) biceps: muscle (e) marrow: bone 18. Vexatious: Annoy:: (a) tedious: bore (b) grateful: hope (c) curious: excite (d) intolerant: enrage (e) annual: year 19. Spendthrift: Prodigal:: (a) scientist: philosopher (b) egghead: epigram (c) patriot: aggressive (d) miser: unhappy (e) hermit: reclusive 20. Ski: Snow:: (a) swim: water (b) drive: automobile (c) skate: ice (d) run: track (e) hike: woods
Analogies 21. Towboat: Barge:: (a) truck: van (b) locomotive: boxcar (c) yacht: schooner (d) tree: trunk (e) submarine: torpedo 22. Wane: Diminish:: (a) quake: tremble (b) balloon: inflate (c) resist: accede (d) transparent: see (e) prepare: commence 23. Guffaw: Laugh:: (a) whistle: whine (b) frown: smile (c) tune: sing (d) shout: talk (e) gulp: sigh 24. Absurd: Reasonable:: (a) vacant: empty (b) placid: visible (c) chivalrous: brave (d) unfair: true (e) flimsy: sturdy
Analogies 25. Wren: Feathers:: (a) sea otter: kelp (b) frog: warts (c) eskimo: parka (d) cobra: scales (e) woodpecker: tree 26. Profound: Depth:: (a) ascend: height (b) unlimited: speed (c) ponderous: weight (d) sensitive: emotion (e) pygmy: size 27. Toll: Bell:: (a) tariff: tax (b) police car: siren (c) blade: knife (d) honk: horn (e) wood: table 28. Director: Cast:: (a) author: script (b) conductor: orchestra (c) actor: audience (d) soldier: platoon (e) producer: film
Analogies 29. Water: Irrigate:: (a) blood: lacerate (b) river: divert (c) manure: fertilize (d) milk: pasteurize (e) crops: reap 30. Nucleus: Atom:: (a) element: compound (b) electron: ion (c) fusion: helium (d) wharf: ship (e) sun: solar system 31. Baker: Oven:: (a) porter: kiln (b) writer: pen (c) driver: engine (d) poker: fireplace (e) carpenter: structure 32. Hilarious: Amusement:: (a) replulsive: attraction (b) stimulating: joy (c) criminal: sentence (d) errant: blunder (e) pathetic: pity
Analogies 33. Find: Seek:: (a) flail: thrash (b) learn: forget (c) impoverish: aid (d) look: peek (e) succeed: attempt 34. Grape: Raisin:: (a) peach: pit (b) plum: prune (c) palm: date (d) strawberry: blueberry (e) juice: wine 35. Inert: Activity:: (a) studious: knowledge (b) lapse: mistake (c) warped: density (d) dead: life (e) weary: rest 36. Believe: Credible:: (a) change: unsuitable (b) taste: insipid (c) carry: portable (d) hinder: obstacle (e) ask: inquisitive
Analogies 37. Paragraph: Sentence:: (a) sentence: word (b) choir: song (c) comma: clause (d) parallel: line (e) asterisk: footnote 38. Taste: Bland:: (a) color: pale (b) hearing: sonic (c) mutter: speech (d) smell: vivid (e) snow: white 39. Maxim: Proverbial:: (a) rifle: pistol (b) minimum: lubricate (c) motive: ulterior (d) riddle: enigmatic (e) epic: lyrical 40. Downhill: Foot:: (a) downcast: eyes (b) downstage: wings (c) downriver: mouth (d) downbeat: baton (e) downpour: rain
Analogies 41. Nibble: Gobble:: (a) eat: satiate (b) chicken: turkey (c) nuzzle: cuddle (d) whistle: hum (e) sip: guzzle 42. Football: Gridiron:: (a) baseball: diamond (b) tennis: net (c) hockey: helmet (d) soccer: goalie (e) basketball: dribble 43. Lawyer: Courtroom:: (a) doctor: patient (b) attorney: litigant (c) actor: theatre (d) psychiatrist: couch (e) desk: classroom 44. Wonder: Astonishing:: (a) relief: embarrassing (b) fatigue: fascinating (c) jealousy: insecure (d) pester: annoying (e) disgust: loathsome
Analogies 45. Mortar: Bricks:: (a) rivets: girders (b) hammer: nails (c) fence: pickets (d) strata: rocks (e) road: asphalt 46. Analgesic: Pain:: (a) romantic: love (b) anthology: poetry (c) anaesthetic: surgery (d) sedative: nervousness (e) rheumatic: fever 47. Furtive: Openly:: (a) speak: articulately (b) jittery: calmly (c) active: randomly (d) noble: royally (e) unwelcome: homely 48. Cherries: Orchard:: (a) peas: pod (b) kittens: litter (c) acorns: oak (d) family: home (e) grapes: vineyard
Analogies 49. Trajectory: Missle (a) dormitory: student (b) rhythm: monotone (c) detonation: bomb (d) orbit: planet (e) oratory: speaker 50. Stream: Torrent:: (a) light: bulb (b) ocean: current (c) wind: gale (d) highway: motorcycle (e) erosion: canyon 51. Debtor: Owe:: (a) vendor: sell (b) creditor: pay (c) sailor: row (d) agent: coerce (e) customer: refund 52. Ship: Bridge:: (a) train: rails (b) cargo: passengers (c) building: story (d) hotel: kitchen (e) airplane: cockpit
Analogies 53. Eloquent: Words (a) nimble: movements (b) guttural: sounds (c) music: lyrics (d) orbit: planet (e) oratory: speaker 54. Genealogy: Family:: (a) geography: mountain (b) zoology: zoo (c) philosophy: logic (d) etymology: word (e) chemistry: chemist 55. Bear: Unendurable:: (a) weep: miserable (b) understand: impossible (c) see: invisible (d) avoid: unapproachable (e) explore: uncharted 56. Digression: Story:: (a) detour: road (b) dimension: length (c) enunciation: word (d) chronology: time (e) climax: plot
Analogies 57. Worshiper: Reverent (a) traveler: vigilant (b) congregation: clergy (c) bungler: incompetent (d) scribe: hieroglyphic (e) thinker: ponderous 58. Polygon: Perimeter:: (a) polyhedron: volume (b) triangle: altitude (c) square: diagonal (d) circle: circumference (e) angle: protractor 59. Lethal: Death:: (a) wan: color (b) zenith: height (c) medical: sickness (d) funeral: mortuary (e) soporific: sleep 60. Weight: Scale:: (a) continent: map (b) wind speed: altimeter (c) volume: liter (d) ruler: length (e) air pressure: barometer
Answers 1.d 2.b 3.a 4.e 5.e 6.c 7.b 8.d 9.b 10.c 11.d 12.b 13.e 14.c 15.a 16.b 17.d 18.a 19.e 20.c 21.b 22.a 23.d 24.e 25.d 26.c 27.d 28.b 29.c 30.e 31.b 32.e 33.e 34.b 35.d 36.c 37.a 38.d 39.d 40.c 41.e 42.a 43.c 44.e 45.a 46.d 47.b 48.e 49.d 50.c 51.a 52.e 53.a 54.d 55.c 56.a 57.c 58.d 59.e 60.e
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