2 AnalogiesAn analogy compares two pairs of words that are related in the same way.
3 shovel : dig :: pencil : write This is an analogy because shovel and dig go together in the same way that pencil and write go together.HOW TO READ THIS ANALOGY“Shovel is to dig as pencil is to write.”or“Shovel goes with dig like pencil goes with write.”
4 Types of analogiesThere are many types of analogies. Some of the types are:Synonyms, Source/ProductAntonyms, Part/WholeObject/Action, Animal HabitatNOTE: Possible solutions are provided for the exercises, but there are also other correct solutions to many of the analogies.
5 find : discover :: begin : start Find and discover go together because they both mean the same thing. They are synonyms. Begin and start also go together because they are synonyms.SYNONYMS
6 right : correct :: under: _____ Complete this analogy.Explain why your answer is correct.right : correct :: under: _____
7 right : correct :: under: below Below is a correct answer because below is a synonym for under.
8 Solve these analogies by adding synonyms. back : rear :: flat : _____courageous : brave :: sly : _____small : little :: quiet : _____narrow : thin :: wealthy : _____terrifying : frightening :: calm : _____
15 scissors : cut :: eraser :erase Scissors and cut go together because scissors is an object and cut is its action. Eraser and erase also go together because they are an object and its action.OBJECT/ACTION
16 eye : see:: nose : _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.eye : see:: nose : _____
17 Smell is correct because smell is the action associated with a nose. eye : see :: nose : smellSmell is correct because smell is the action associated with a nose.
18 Solve these analogies by adding an action word. ear : hear :: hand : _____rooster : crow :: lion : _____clock : tick :: bell : _____boat : float :: airplane : ____broom : sweep :: shovel : ____
20 well : water :: beach : sand Well and water go together because a well is a source where water is found. Beach and sand go together in the same way because a beach is a source where sand is found.SOURCE/PRODUCT
21 tree : lumber :: quarry : ____ Complete this analogy.Explain why your answer is correct.tree : lumber :: quarry : ____
22 tree : lumber :: quarry : stone Stone is correct because it is a product that comes from a quarry.
23 Solve these analogies by adding a product from each of the sources listed. field : corn :: pond : ____mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : ____sheep : wool :: silkworm : ____palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : ____paddy : rice :: bog : ____
24 Solutions1. field : corn :: pond : fish2. mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : pearls3. sheep : wool :: silkworm : silk4. palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : syrup5. paddy : rice :: bog : cranberries
25 toe : foot :: finger : hand Toe and foot go together because a toe is part of a foot. Finger and hand also go together because a finger is part of a hand.PART/WHOLE
26 room : house :: chapter: ____ Complete this analogy.Explain why your answer is correct.room : house :: chapter: ____
27 room : house :: chapter: book Book is correct because a chapter is part of a book.
28 Solve these analogies by adding a whole that goes with the part. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : ____branch : tree :: boxcar : ____kernel : corn :: grain : ____leg : chair :: handle : ____5. word : sentence :: letter : ____
29 Solutions1. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : airplane2. branch : tree :: boxcar : train3. kernel : corn :: grain : wheat4. leg : chair :: handle : cup5. word : sentence :: letter : word
30 spider : web :: bird : nest Spider and web go together because a spider is an animal and a web is its habitat. Bird and nest also go together because a bird is an animal and a nest is its habitat.ANIMAL/HABITAT
31 bat : cave :: bear : ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.bat : cave :: bear : ____
32 Den is correct because a bear lives in a den. bat : cave :: bear : denDen is correct because a bear lives in a den.
33 Solve these analogies by adding a habitat. ant : hill :: bee : ____cattle : barn :: chicken : ____pig : sty :: horse : ____giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : ____toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : ____
37 Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. Source/ProductPart/WholeAnimal/Habitatdime : dollar bead : necklace eagle : forest tree : walnuts stream : gold nuggets horse : stable whale : ocean key : piano toe : foot bees : honey student : class