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SYNONYMS ANTONYMS OBJECT/ACTION SOURCE/PRODUCT PART/WHOLE ANIMAL/HABITAT Analogies 1.

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Presentation on theme: "SYNONYMS ANTONYMS OBJECT/ACTION SOURCE/PRODUCT PART/WHOLE ANIMAL/HABITAT Analogies 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 SYNONYMS ANTONYMS OBJECT/ACTION SOURCE/PRODUCT PART/WHOLE ANIMAL/HABITAT Analogies 1

2 Analogies An analogy compares two pairs of words that are related in the same way.

3 shovel : dig :: pencil : write This is an analogy because shovel and dig go together in the same way that pencil and write go together. HOW TO READ THIS ANALOGY “Shovel is to dig as pencil is to write.” or “Shovel goes with dig like pencil goes with write.”

4 Types of analogies There are many types of analogies. Some of the types are: Synonyms, Source/Product Antonyms, Part/Whole Object/Action, Animal Habitat NOTE: Possible solutions are provided for the exercises, but there are also other correct solutions to many of the analogies.

5 find : discover :: begin : start Find and discover go together because they both mean the same thing. They are synonyms. Begin and start also go together because they are synonyms. SYNONYMS

6 right : correct :: under: _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.

7 right : correct :: under: below Below is a correct answer because below is a synonym for under.

8 Solve these analogies by adding synonyms. 1.back : rear :: flat : _____ 2.courageous : brave :: sly : _____ 3. small : little :: quiet : _____ 4. narrow : thin :: wealthy : _____ 5.terrifying : frightening :: calm : _____

9 Solutions back : rear :: flat : level courageous : brave :: sly : sneaky small : little :: quiet : silent narrow : thin :: wealthy : rich terrifying : frightening :: calm : peaceful

10 serious : funny :: huge : tiny Serious and funny go together because their meanings are opposite. They are antonyms. Huge and tiny also go together because they are antonyms. ANTONYMS

11 new : old :: narrow: _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.

12 new : old :: narrow: wide Wide is correct because wide is an antonym for narrow.

13 Solve these analogies by adding antonyms. 1. open : close :: up :_____ 2. correct : mistaken :: dangerous : _____ 3.graceful : clumsy :: gentle :_____ 4.fiction : non-fiction :: toxic : _____ 5.credit : debit :: positive : _____

14 Solutions open : close :: up : down correct : mistaken :: dangerous : safe graceful : clumsy :: gentle : harsh fiction : non-fiction :: toxic : non-toxic credit : debit :: positive : negative

15 scissors : cut :: eraser :erase Scissors and cut go together because scissors is an object and cut is its action. Eraser and erase also go together because they are an object and its action. OBJECT/ACTION

16 eye : see:: nose : _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.

17 eye : see :: nose : smell Smell is correct because smell is the action associated with a nose.

18 Solve these analogies by adding an action word. 1. ear : hear :: hand : _____ 2. rooster : crow :: lion : _____ 3. clock : tick :: bell : _____ 4.boat : float :: airplane : ____ 5.broom : sweep :: shovel : ____

19 Solutions 1. ear : hear :: hand : write 2. rooster : crow :: lion : roar 3. clock : tick :: bell : ring 4.boat : float :: airplane : fly 5.broom : sweep :: shovel : dig

20 Well and water go together because a well is a source where water is found. Beach and sand go together in the same way because a beach is a source where sand is found. SOURCE/PRODUCT well : water :: beach : sand

21 tree : lumber :: quarry : ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.

22 tree : lumber :: quarry : stone Stone is correct because it is a product that comes from a quarry.

23 Solve these analogies by adding a product from each of the sources listed. 1.field : corn :: pond : ____ 2.mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : ____ 3.sheep : wool :: silkworm : ____ 4.palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : ____ 5. paddy : rice :: bog : ____

24 Solutions 1. field : corn :: pond : fish 2. mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : pearls 3. sheep : wool :: silkworm : silk 4. palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : syrup 5. paddy : rice :: bog : cranberries

25 toe : foot :: finger : hand Toe and foot go together because a toe is part of a foot. Finger and hand also go together because a finger is part of a hand. PART/WHOLE

26 room : house :: chapter: ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.

27 room : house :: chapter: book Book is correct because a chapter is part of a book.

28 Solve these analogies by adding a whole that goes with the part. 1. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : ____ 2.branch : tree :: boxcar : ____ 3.kernel : corn :: grain : ____ 4.leg : chair :: handle : ____ 5. word : sentence :: letter : ____

29 Solutions 1. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : airplane 2. branch : tree :: boxcar : train 3. kernel : corn :: grain : wheat 4. leg : chair :: handle : cup 5. word : sentence :: letter : word

30 spider : web :: bird : nest Spider and web go together because a spider is an animal and a web is its habitat. Bird and nest also go together because a bird is an animal and a nest is its habitat. ANIMAL/HABITAT

31 bat : cave :: bear : ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.

32 bat : cave :: bear : den Den is correct because a bear lives in a den.

33 Solve these analogies by adding a habitat. 1. ant : hill :: bee : ____ 2. cattle : barn :: chicken : ____ 3. pig : sty :: horse : ____ 4. giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : ____ 5. toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : ____

34 Solutions 1. ant : hill :: bee : hive 2. cattle : barn :: chicken : coop 3. pig : sty :: horse : stable 4. giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : tundra 5. toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : temperate forest

35 Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. AntonymsSynonymsObject/Action sun : shine clock : tick laugh : cry pen : write give : receive right : correct transparent : opaque divide : multiply ambulance : rescue liquid : fluid shout : scream

36 Solution AntonymsSynonymsObject/Action right : correct liquid : fluid shout : scream sun : shine clock : tick pen : write ambulance : rescue laugh : cry give : receive transparent : opaque divide : multiply

37 Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. Part/WholeSource/ProductAnimal/Habitat dime : dollar bead : necklace eagle : forest tree : walnuts stream : gold nuggets horse : stable whale : ocean key : piano toe : foot bees : honey student : class

38 Solution Part/WholeSource/ProductAnimal/Habitat tree : walnuts stream : gold nuggets bees : honey dime : dollar bead : necklace key : piano toe : foot student : class eagle : forest horse : stable whale : ocean

39 Solve these analogies. Then, tell which type of analogy each one is: synonym, antonym, or object/action. 1. hand : touch :: eye : ____ 2. car : automobile :: ship : ____ 3. work : labor :: incinerate : ____ 4. failure : success :: mistaken : ____ 5. world : earth :: teacher : ____

40 Solutions hand : touch :: eye : see OBJECT/ACTION car : automobile :: ship : boat SYNONYMS work : labor :: incinerate : burn SYNONYMS failure : success :: mistaken : correct ANYONYMS world : earth :: teacher : instructor SYNONYMS

41 Solve these analogies. Then tell which type of analogy each one is: source/product, part/whole, or animal/habitat. 1.garden : tomatoes :: ocean : ____ 2.blade : ice skate :: wheel : ____ 3.button : shirt :: latch : ____ 4.Camel : desert :: crocodile : ____ 5.McDonald’s : hamburger :: Chick-fil-A : ____

42 Solutions 1.garden : tomatoes :: ocean : tuna SOURCE/PRODUCT 2. blade : ice skate :: wheel : skateboard PART/WHOLE 3. button : shirt :: latch : door PART/WHOLE 4. Camel : desert :: crocodile : swamp ANIMAL/HABITAT 5. McDonald’s : hamburger :: Chick-fil-A : nuggets SOURCE/PRODUCT

43 Review Questions 1.What is an analogy? 2.Name six types of analogies. 3.Give an example of each type.


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