2AnalogiesAn analogy compares two pairs of words that are related in the same way.
3shovel : dig :: pencil : write This is an analogy because shovel and dig go together in the same way that pencil and write go together.HOW TO READ THIS ANALOGY“Shovel is to dig as pencil is to write.”or“Shovel goes with dig like pencil goes with write.”
4Types of analogiesThere are many types of analogies. Some of the types are:Synonyms, Source/ProductAntonyms, Part/WholeObject/Action, Animal HabitatNOTE: Possible solutions are provided for the exercises, but there are also other correct solutions to many of the analogies.
5find : discover :: begin : start Find and discover go together because they both mean the same thing. They are synonyms. Begin and start also go together because they are synonyms.SYNONYMS
6right : correct :: under: _____ Complete this analogy.Explain why your answer is correct.right : correct :: under: _____
7right : correct :: under: below Below is a correct answer because below is a synonym for under.
8Solve these analogies by adding synonyms. back : rear :: flat : _____courageous : brave :: sly : _____small : little :: quiet : _____narrow : thin :: wealthy : _____terrifying : frightening :: calm : _____
15scissors : cut :: eraser :erase Scissors and cut go together because scissors is an object and cut is its action. Eraser and erase also go together because they are an object and its action.OBJECT/ACTION
16eye : see:: nose : _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.eye : see:: nose : _____
17Smell is correct because smell is the action associated with a nose. eye : see :: nose : smellSmell is correct because smell is the action associated with a nose.
18Solve these analogies by adding an action word. ear : hear :: hand : _____rooster : crow :: lion : _____clock : tick :: bell : _____boat : float :: airplane : ____broom : sweep :: shovel : ____
20well : water :: beach : sand Well and water go together because a well is a source where water is found. Beach and sand go together in the same way because a beach is a source where sand is found.SOURCE/PRODUCT
21tree : lumber :: quarry : ____ Complete this analogy.Explain why your answer is correct.tree : lumber :: quarry : ____
22tree : lumber :: quarry : stone Stone is correct because it is a product that comes from a quarry.
23Solve these analogies by adding a product from each of the sources listed. field : corn :: pond : ____mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : ____sheep : wool :: silkworm : ____palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : ____paddy : rice :: bog : ____
24Solutions1. field : corn :: pond : fish2. mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : pearls3. sheep : wool :: silkworm : silk4. palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : syrup5. paddy : rice :: bog : cranberries
25toe : foot :: finger : hand Toe and foot go together because a toe is part of a foot. Finger and hand also go together because a finger is part of a hand.PART/WHOLE
26room : house :: chapter: ____ Complete this analogy.Explain why your answer is correct.room : house :: chapter: ____
27room : house :: chapter: book Book is correct because a chapter is part of a book.
28Solve these analogies by adding a whole that goes with the part. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : ____branch : tree :: boxcar : ____kernel : corn :: grain : ____leg : chair :: handle : ____5. word : sentence :: letter : ____
29Solutions1. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : airplane2. branch : tree :: boxcar : train3. kernel : corn :: grain : wheat4. leg : chair :: handle : cup5. word : sentence :: letter : word
30spider : web :: bird : nest Spider and web go together because a spider is an animal and a web is its habitat. Bird and nest also go together because a bird is an animal and a nest is its habitat.ANIMAL/HABITAT
31bat : cave :: bear : ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.bat : cave :: bear : ____
32Den is correct because a bear lives in a den. bat : cave :: bear : denDen is correct because a bear lives in a den.
33Solve these analogies by adding a habitat. ant : hill :: bee : ____cattle : barn :: chicken : ____pig : sty :: horse : ____giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : ____toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : ____
34Solutions1. ant : hill :: bee : hive2. cattle : barn :: chicken : coop3. pig : sty :: horse : stable4. giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : tundra5. toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : temperate forest
35Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. SynonymsAntonymsObject/Actionsun : shine clock : tick laugh : cry pen : write give : receive right : correct transparent : opaque divide : multiply ambulance : rescue liquid : fluid shout : scream
37Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. Source/ProductPart/WholeAnimal/Habitatdime : dollar bead : necklace eagle : forest tree : walnuts stream : gold nuggets horse : stable whale : ocean key : piano toe : foot bees : honey student : class