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Life Boot Camp 5.10A #2 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or.

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Presentation on theme: "Life Boot Camp 5.10A #2 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life Boot Camp 5.10A #2 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feed in aquatic animals

2 51. Which numbered part of the sunflower is MAINLY responsible for photosynthesis? APart 1 BPart 2 CPart 3 DPart 4

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4 52. A plant’s stem— A supports the plant B produces seeds for the plant C anchors the plant in the soil D absorbs water and minerals from the soil

5 52. A plant’s stem— A supports the plant (holds it up) B produces seeds for the plant C anchors the plant in the soil D absorbs water and minerals from the soil

6 53. Which bird food pictured below is BEST for swimming?

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8 54. What specialized structures do deer have that help them survive against predators? AWarm, brown hair BFast running bodies CGood digestive systems DLarge and intelligent brains

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10 55. Polar bears have thick, white hair. What advantage does that give the polar bears? AMore people will hunt them for their fur. BThey look bigger and impress their enemies. CThey hunt better and can catch more food. DThey stay warmer in very cold climates.

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12 56. Which of the following is NOT a way desert animals have adapted to survive in the desert? AGrow long, thick fur BAre active at night CSurvive on little water DLive in burrows

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14 57. Animals have adaptations that help them survive. One example of this is the hawk’s strong talons. What primary purpose does this adaptation serve? AProtection from predators BCatching and eating food CIncreased flying speed DProtection from prey

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16 58. Which of the following is an example of an adaptation of an animal’s body that would improve its chances of survival in a specific environment? A An armadillo digging a hole under a fence B A chameleon changing colors to hide from a predator C Geese flying in a V formation D A gibbon swinging from branch to branch to escape a predator

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18 59. Armadillos and coral snakes both live in Texas. When an armadillo is threatened, it curls its armored body up like a ball. A coral snake curls its tail into a tight spiral and holds it up when an enemy is near. Although these animals are very different, what is one way in which they are similar? AThey both live in the water. BThey have hard outer coverings. CThey have ways to protect themselves. DThey attack their enemies with poison.

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20 60. The flowers that grow on the floor of a tropical forest have long stems. How does this adaptation help them survive in their environment? Long stems— A protect them from getting too hot B make it easier for them to get sunlight C prevent them from being eaten D make it easier to pull them up

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22 61. Bears and foxes that live in warm areas usually have dark- colored fur. Polar bears and arctic foxes that live in cold places have white fur because it helps them— Afind prey Bswim fast Cfind berries Dhide from predators

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24 62. Since all living things need nutrients (food) in order to survive, why can plants survive in a clear, closed system but animals cannot? APlants are not living things, but animals are. BPlants can make their own food, but animals cannot. CPlants can live for long periods of time without nutrients. DPlants take in and give off oxygen, but animals do not.

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26 63. A green tree frog lives in a forest. How does the frog's green color help it to survive? ABy helping the frog find other frogs BBy keeping the frog cool CBy making the frog hard to see when sitting on leaves DBy allowing the frog to make its own food

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28 64. What advantage does the walking stick pictured above have for survival in its environment? AIt lives on leaves and tree branches. BIt blends in with its environment. CIt eats the leaves from plants. DIt sheds its skin every year.

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30 65. The cactus plant shown above lives in a desert environment. What characteristic of this plant could be found in many other desert plants? AA deep root system for gathering water BLush growth that serves to trap water if it rains CBroad leaves that protect the plants from the hot sun DLeaves and stems that are adapted to conserve water

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32 66. Animals have adaptations that help them survive in their environment. One example of this is the giraffe’s long neck. What primary purpose does this adaptation serve? AProtection from heat BGathering of food CProtection from predators DIncreased speed

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34 67. A hover fly looks like a honey bee. Which statement BEST explains how this adaptation helps the hover fly survive? Looking like a honey bee— Akeeps other animals away from the hover fly’s food Bkeeps other animals away from the hover fly’s home Callows the hover fly to blend in with its environment Dkeeps some predators from trying to eat the hover fly hover fly honey bee

35 67. A hover fly looks like a honey bee. Which statement BEST explains how this adaptation helps the hover fly survive? Looking like a honey bee— Akeeps other animals away from the hover fly’s food Bkeeps other animals away from the hover fly’s home Callows the hover fly to blend in with its environment Dkeeps some predators from trying to eat the hover fly hover fly honey bee

36 68. What is the primary function of the large leaves found on seedlings growing in a forest? ATo provide shade for the root systems BTo get rid of excess water that is entering through the roots CTo allow for leaf damage by insects DTo gather as much light as possible for photosynthesis

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38 69. Barnacles and corals are two types of animals that live in the ocean. Both animals build a hard layer of calcium around their soft body parts. What is the MOST likely reason that they build these layers? APrepare them for reproduction BProtect them from predators CHelp them capture food DKeep them from drying out

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40 70. How would looking like a poisonous dart frog help a non-poisonous frog survive? This adaptation helps the frog— Afind shelter Battract prey Cfrighten predators Dblend with its environment

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42 71. What function is served by plant adaptations such as stinging hairs, thorns, and briars? AReproduction BPhotosynthesis CProtection DDisease prevention

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44 72. Coyotes have good eyesight, keen hearing, and an excellent sense of smell. How would these characteristics BEST help a coyote survive in its environment? These characteristics would help— Ainsulate a coyote Ba coyote move Cthe coyote hunt its prey Dthe coyote eat its food

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46 73. A certain environment is warm and wet all year long. Which of the following characteristics would be BEST for an animal adapted to this environment? A Thin skin B Thick fur C Long tail D Layer of blubber

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48 74. Why do large trees have a difficult time living in the tundra? AA tundra is too hot for trees to grow large. BAnimals that live in a tundra destroy most vegetation. CFlooding occurs too often in a tundra for large trees to grow. DThe soil in a tundra is too frozen for large trees to grow.

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50 75. A plant’s seeds would least likely be moved from place to place by— Aa river Bthe wind Can animal Danother plant

51 75. A plant’s seeds would least likely be moved from place to place by— Aa river Bthe wind Can animal Danother plant (doesn’t move!)

52 76. The eyes of the owl and the rabbit shown below give each animal a different advantage. The front-facing owl eyes allow the bird to correctly judge distance when catching prey. The side facing rabbit eyes allow the animal to detect the motion of possible predators. Which of the following functions is BEST served by these adaptations? AReproduction BPhotosynthesis CProtection DSurvival

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54 77. The picture below shows the foot of a certain bird. In which of the following environments is this bird BEST adapted for survival? ADesert BFreshwater lake CMeadow DTropical rain forest

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56 78. Dandelion plants have specialized seeds that blow in the wind. Dandelions rely on the wind for which function listed below? ATo grow longer roots BTo attract insects CTo grow bigger, better flowers D To spread their seed around

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58 79. Which physical structure would best help a bear to survive a winter in a very cold place? ABig ears BBlack nose CThick fur D Brown eyes

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60 80. During winter, the white fur of an arctic fox blends in with the snow. This adaptation is called— Ahibernation Bmigration Ccamouflage D movement

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62 81. The ability of an organism to survive in its environment depends in part on how it looks. How does the physical appearance of the organisms pictured above help them survive? Their physical appearance helps them— Afind a habitat Bresist parasites Cavoid predators Ddefend a territory

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64 82. Which structure of a bird is correctly paired with its function? AClaws for obtaining food BWings for eliminating waste CFeathers for breathing D Eyes for growing

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66 83. How do the spines of a cactus help it survive? A Spines help the cactus get moisture. B Spines anchor the cactus in the ground. C Spines protect the cactus from animals. D Spines support the stems and branches of the cactus

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68 84. Ducks live near ponds and lakes. The shape of a duck’s foot helps it swim and walk on muddy ground. Which factor is most important in determining the shape of a baby duck’s foot? A The shape of the parent ducks’ feet B The temperature of the pond water C The amount of mud in the bottom of the pond D The amount of rain that fell before the duck was born

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70 85. How does the leaf of a plant help the plant survive in its environment? ALeaves take nutrients from the soil. BLeaves produce food for the plant. CLeaves keep the plant from falling over. DLeaves take in water from the soil.

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72 86. Blue herons are birds which can often be seen in shallow water such as marshes, ponds, and streams. They feed on fish, frogs, and other small animals. Which of the following external characteristics helps a blue heron find food? AThick feathers BLong beak CStrong wings DLight colors

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74 87. The seeds of a hemlock tree can be found in the cones made by the tree as shown in the West Hemlock tree diagram below. The diagram above shows the parts of a Western Hemlock tree. This tree and other plants need energy from the Sun in order to thrive and survive. What form of energy does the tree get from the sun? A Light energy B Electrical energy C Chemical energy D Mechanical energy

75 87. The seeds of a hemlock tree can be found in the cones made by the tree as shown in the West Hemlock tree diagram below. The diagram above shows the parts of a Western Hemlock tree. This tree and other plants need energy from the Sun in order to thrive and survive. What form of energy does the tree get from the sun? A Light energy B Electrical energy C Chemical energy (plant changes the sunlight into food – chemical) D Mechanical energy

76 88. If Western Hemlock trees grew faster, people could harvest more wood to use. Which question could help solve the problem of making a tree grow faster? A What is the best soil for Western Hemlock trees? B Which type of animals live in Western Hemlock trees? C What time of year do Western Hemlock trees produce cones? D How tall can a Western Hemlock tree grow?

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78 89. All animals need air to survive. An insect gets air through tiny holes on the sides of its body. A whale breathes through a blow hole. What body part do fish use to breathe? A Gills B Skin C Nose D Mouth

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80 90. Which of the following animals is best adapted to survive in this environment? A. deer B. camel C. penguin D. flamingo

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82 91. Which of the following animals is best adapted to survive in this environment? A. duck B. snake C. bear D. moose

83 91. Which of the following animals is best adapted to survive in this environment? A. duck B. snake (desert) C. bear D. moose

84 92. Animals have characteristics that help them survive. Which of these characteristics would best help an animal carry prey back to its nest? AThick fur BLarge eyes CFlat tail DStrong wings

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86 93. Blue whales have no teeth. Instead, they have rows of bristled strands that look like a broom, called baleen, which filters their food. Which of the following sea creatures are their most common food? A Seals and sharks B Dolphins and porpoises C Turtles and penguins D Small fish and krill

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88 94. Some insects, earthworms, and bacteria break down dead material for food. Organisms that play this role in the food chain are classified as— Aproducers Bpredators Cdecomposers Dconsumers

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90 95. The appearances and behaviors that organisms develop to help them meet their needs are called— Ainstincts Bskills Csystems Dadaptations

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92 96. Which of the following BEST describes a role of mushrooms in ecosystems? ACapturing energy from sunlight BConsuming living plant material CTaking energy from animal hosts DBreaking down dead plant material

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94 97. The pictures below show the change in the fur of an arctic hare from summer to winter. Which of the following statements BEST describes how this change helps arctic hares? AIt lowers their body temperatures. BIt protects their eyes from sunlight. CIt helps them move on slippery ice. DIt makes them less visible to predators.

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96 98. Look at the pictures above. How is the snail’s shell like the porcupine’s quills? They are both used for— Adigestion Bprotection Cgathering food Dbreathing

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98 99. The pads on a tree frog’s toes help the frog to— Acatch insects Bbreathe better Cblend in with its surroundings Dclimb trees

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100 100. A large animal like an elephant that eats only plants MOST LIKELY has— Aflat teeth Blarge ears Ctwo tusks Dthick skin

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