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Inherited Traits (what are animals born with) & Adaptations (that help them survive) Animals.

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Presentation on theme: "Inherited Traits (what are animals born with) & Adaptations (that help them survive) Animals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Inherited Traits (what are animals born with) & Adaptations (that help them survive) Animals

2 The hump stores water so the camel can survive without water for up to 2 weeks The camel has a thick coat that can reflect sunlight to help keep it cool The wide feet to keep the camel from sinking in the sand. Long eyelashes, ear hairs, and nostrils that seal to prevent sand from entering A rugged mouth allows the camel to eat thorny plants

3 Flapping the LARGE ears helps to cool the elephant in the HOT African climate. Tusks for protection and gathering food. Hairs on the end of the tail for swatting flies Trunk for smelling, drinking, communicating, gathering food, LARGE round legs and feet help to support the weight of the elephant

4 Hairs on the end of the tail for swatting flies Flapping the small ears helps to cool the elephant. Asia is cooler than African so this elephant doesn’t need to cool as much as the African elephant. Trunk for smelling, drinking, communicating, gathering food, LARGE round legs and feet help to support the weight of the elephant

5 Has hairless soles on its feet that help it climb trees; climbs trees to find food Uses its quills for defense Is a good swimmer - its hollow quills help keep it afloat

6 it has pouched cheeks that it uses to store and carry food

7 Protects its nose from the cold by curling its bushy tail around its body

8 Has short legs and nose, thick fur and small ears are adaptations that help it survive in cold climates; Because its legs are so short and its ears and nose are small, they are less exposed to the cold

9 Has thick fur and hair on its paw pads that help keep it warm. The fur on its paws also gives the fox traction so it doesn't slide on the ice

10 Its white coat serves as camouflage in the winter

11 A red fox has longer ears and nose – different adaptations than an Arctic Fox, because keeping warm is not as important to the red fox.

12 Its tail is prehensile. A prehensile tail is adapted for grasping and wrapping around things like tree limbs so it can find food and escape predators Has opposable hallux. A hallux is like a thumb. The opossum's "thumbs" are on its rear feet. The hallux helps it grasp branches when it climbs.

13 It uses its tail to help maintain its balance when it is gnawing on trees. It will also slap its tail against the water to signal danger or to warn away predators.

14 Their rear legs are longer and their webbed feet help propel them through the water when they are swimming.

15 When the beaver is under water, its nose and ears close up and a special membrane covers its eyes.

16 The beaver waterproofs its thick fur by coating it with castoreum, an oily secretion from its scent glands.

17 The beaver has a thick layer of fat under its skin that helps keep it warm underwater.

18 Beavers have long sharp upper and lower incisor teeth that they use to cut into trees and woody vegetation. These teeth grow throughout the beaver's life.  The beaver has a specialized digestive system that helps it digest tree bark.

19 In order to survive, a polar bear instinctively goes into “winter sleep” to conserve its energy when it has gone about two weeks without food

20 Instincts are Something you (or an animals is born with) Examples of instincts are: –Migration – birds flying south for the winter –Homing – like when baby turtles instinctively move to the sea as soon as they hatch –Spider spinning webs –Birds flying in a V-formation

21 What Are Some Learned Behaviors? Raccoons learning to eat from trash cans Seal balancing a ball on it’s nose Proboscis monkey mothers must teach their young which leaves are safe to eat Can you think of anything else?

22 Let’s Compare! Traits Animals Are Born With Hair/fur color Eye color Size Homing (turtles to the sea; salmon back to where they were born) Characteristics Learned After Birth Learning to hunt Learning to eat from trash cans Balancing a ball on their nose

23 Let’s Compare! Traits Animals Are Born With Hair/fur color Eye color Size Homing (turtles to the sea; salmon back to where they were born) _________________ Characteristics Learned After Birth Learning to hunt Learning to eat from trash cans Balancing a ball on their nose _________________

24 How Do Animals Modify Their Environment?  Beavers build dams  Earthworms aerate soil  Groundhogs dig holes for shelter  Birds build nests  Humans build home & roads; strip mine; cut down forests;

25 How Do Animals Modify Their Environment?  Beavers gnaw trees & build __________  Earthworms __________soil  Groundhogs dig holes for__________  Birds build__________  Humans build__________

26 How Do Animals Modify Their Environment?  Beavers gnaw trees & build __________  Earthworms __________soil  Groundhogs dig holes for__________  Birds build__________  Humans build__________


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