Presentation on theme: "American Renaissance Romantic movement is fully realized Poets and writers discover “true” American voice; original & separate from European influences."— Presentation transcript:
American Renaissance Romantic movement is fully realized Poets and writers discover “true” American voice; original & separate from European influences
American Renaissance Transcendentalism ROMANTICISM 1800 – 1860 1)Intuition 2)Inspiration from Nature 3)Imagination 4)Inner Experience 5)Innocence All 5 I’s of Romanticism are related to the importance of the individual TRANSCENDENTALISM 1840 - 1860 Romanticism to the extreme Emphasis on intuition (inner sense)
Transcendentalism Nurtured by intellectual and social growth in New England Believed in human perfectibility and worked toward utopia Believed everything reflects Divine Soul (kind of like God, but not necessarily the Puritan god…more like nirvana) Intuition is key to truth…nature is important as a way to get in touch with intuition
Transcendental Thought Paraphrase each ideal. Nonconformity Self-reliance Free thought Confidence Importance of nature
Ralph Waldo Emerson Led Transcendentalism – Ideal state of being is to “transcend” or rise above earthly concerns – To achieve this goal, individual must seek spiritual, not material, greatness and the essential truths of life through intuition
5-Minute Discussion Share your thoughts with a neighbor. – How are you affected by nature? Do you find comfort in it? Do you reflect the moods of nature? – What does it mean to know something intuitively? For example, has a parent or a sibling ever known something was wrong with you without having talked with or seen you? What do we mean when we say "I just know it"? – How do you demonstrate that you are an individual? Do you think independently of others or do you follow the crowd?
“Self-Reliance” (225) Ralph Waldo Emerson Paragraph 1: – What does Emerson mean when he says, “envy is ignorance” and “imitation is suicide”? – What does he say about “power” and “work”? – Paraphrase this sentence: “The eye was placed where one ray should fall, that it might testify of that particular ray.”
“Self-Reliance” (225) Ralph Waldo Emerson Paragraph 2: – How is trust a part of being self-reliant? – Emerson instructs us to “accept the place the divine Providence has found” for us. Do you agree? Why or why not? – How is acceptance different than complacence?
Paragraph 3: – Why does Emerson see society as the enemy of individuality? – What is the role of nonconformity? What does that word mean to Emerson? “Self-Reliance” (225) Ralph Waldo Emerson
Paragraph 4: – What makes a man (in Emerson’s view)? – Connect this quote to something we’ve read previously: “Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind.” “Self-Reliance” (225) Ralph Waldo Emerson
Paragraph 5: – What is a hobgoblin? – What is a “foolish consistency”? – How does it get in the way of genius? “Self-Reliance” (225) Ralph Waldo Emerson
Working in groups, identify 1 example for at least 3 types of Transcendental thought and record on your chart. 1) Matt, Sarah, Ty2) Keith, Anthony, Julian 3) Mitch D., Andy, Taylor 4) Mitch F., Kyle, Cody 5) John, Stina, Andrew, Rachel 6) Wesley, Makenna, Aaron 7) Keane, Landon, Caroline, Haley 8) Amon, Chris, Killian 9) Bethany, Jake, Alexis 10) Annie, Dallin, Haley
“Self-Reliance” (225) Ralph Waldo Emerson Working in groups, identify 1 example for at least 3 types of Transcendental thought and record on your chart. 1) Jordan A., Chip, Briana 2) Bryce, Riley, Jackson 3) Rachel, Will, Tyler S., Brock 4) Samantha, Taylor, Billy, Ryan 5) Andrew, Tyler F., Tori 6) Ty, Susan, Austin, Sarah 7) Peyton, Taegen, Morgan 8) Tobias, Jordan R., Summer 9) Kendall, Che, Kyle
The search for identity is a common thread in American literature. It is expressed in through three typical topics: American Dream Quest for increased status and success and/or personal fulfillment How do we try to improve our lives? American Journey How a person or character changes or develops physically, mentally (psychologically), or emotionally (spiritually) How do we change? American Hero An individual who finds himself or herself; usually a common person; may be a tragic hero; may be heroic through action or through self- understanding How do we achieve our goals? Themes of American Literature