Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Why is it called Transcendentalism?  Transcend means to exceed, surpass, or go beyond something.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Why is it called Transcendentalism?  Transcend means to exceed, surpass, or go beyond something."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Why is it called Transcendentalism?  Transcend means to exceed, surpass, or go beyond something.

3  Transcendentalists (followers of the movement) generally had a collection of very diverse ideas about literature, philosophy, religion, social reform, and the general state of American culture.  Being a transcendentalist meant something different and unique for each person involved in the movement. What did Transcendentalists Believe?

4 What did Transcendentalists believe?  Belief in the “Self” instead of looking for a higher power for guidance, such as God or the church  Humans are essentially good  Insight/Intuition (what you naturally believe) is more powerful and important than experience or logical thinking and reason  All living things are connected- Nature is an escape from the evils and materialism of society

5 Basic Beliefs  Self-Reliance/Self- Confidence  Non-conformity/Rejection of the materialistic  Importance of Nature  Free Thought –Intuitive

6 Where did it come from?  Ralph Waldo Emerson (a famous transcendentalist) gave German philosopher Immanuel Kant credit for popularizing the term “transcendentalism in the 1700s”  It began as a reform movement in the Unitarian church.  1830s - Emerson helped found the “Transcendental Club”  It is not a religion-, it is a philosophy or form of spirituality.

7 Historical Background  American Revolution inspired many artists to create an “American Identity” that was separate from England.  Reaction against some of the other movements of the time (Enlightenment, Age of Reason)  Many aspects of “American” culture were changing Ex. Politics  Industrialism=Expansion  Technological Advances

8 Who were some of the Transcendentalists?  Ralph Waldo Emerson  Henry David Thoreau  Margaret Fuller

9 Ralph Waldo Emerson   Unitarian minister  Poet and essayist, and popular lecturer  Wrote essay, Nature and Self-Reliance  Founded the Transcendental Club in 1836-popularized the belief  Considered the “Father” of Transcendentalism  Supporter of abolitionism

10 Henry David Thoreau   Schoolteacher, essayist, poet  Most famous for Walden and Civil Disobedience  Lived with the Emerson family from  Influenced environmental movement- Environmentalist  Supporter of abolitionism

11 Margaret Fuller   Journalist, critic, women’s rights activist  First editor of The Dial, a transcendental journal  First female journalist to work on a major newspaper—The New York Tribune  Taught at Alcott’s Temple School

12 Shared Definition of Transcendentalism

13 Discussion Questions  How are you affected by nature? Do you find comfort in it? Do you reflect the moods of nature?  What is the role of nature in your life?  What is meant by an individual's spiritual side? How to you define it?  Is there a connection between the individual's spirit and nature? If so, what is that connection?  What does it mean to know something intuitively? For example, has a parent or a sibling ever known something was wrong with you without having talked with or seen you? What do we mean when we say "I just know it"?  How do you demonstrate that you are an individual? Do you think independently of others or do you follow the crowd?


Download ppt "Why is it called Transcendentalism?  Transcend means to exceed, surpass, or go beyond something."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google