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Transcendentalism September 18, 2014.

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1 Transcendentalism September 18, 2014

2 What’s Your Motto? Create your own personal motto. To get started, consider the traits or resources that helped you solve a difficult problem, or the best advice you have ever given a friend. Use your answers to develop a personal motto that is short and to the point.

3 Transcendentalism An intellectual movement that emphasized the dignity of the individual and advocated a simple, mindful life. Transcendentalists wanted to transcend-or go beyond- the limitations of the senses and everyday experience.

4 “transcendent forms” of truth exist beyond reason and experience; every individual is capable of discovering this truth on his or her own, through intuition. A A conviction that people are inherently good and should follow their own beliefs, however controversial they may be. A belief that humankind, nature, and God are all interconnected. conviction that people are

5 Aphorism: a brief statement, usually one sentence long, that expresses a general principle or truth about life. “Trust thyself; every heart vibrates to that iron string.” The nicest thing about the future is that is always starts tomorrow.

6 “Self-Reliance” and “Nature”
Ralph Waldo Emerson Entered Harvard when he was only 14 Was named class poet at Harvard- but only after seven other students had refused the honor Published Nature, one of his most famous works, anonymously

7 Self-Reliance 1. What elements of transcendentalism are reflected in the painting? 2. Re-read lines Based on these lines, what inferences can you make about the theme of this selection? 3. Transcendentalists believed in disregarding external authority in favor of one’s own experiences and intuition. What is implied by the word sacred in line 21? 4. According to Emerson in lines 24-31, why is it so hard to follow his ideal of nonconformity?

8 Nature 1. Which aspect of transcendentalism thought is reflected in lines 12-19? Explain your answer. 2. Emerson says that, “nature always wears the colors of the spirit.” What mood does this painting convey? Describe the elements of the painting that establish this mood.

9 Aphorisms Handout “Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string.” (line 6) “Whoso would be a man, must be a nonconformist.” (line 12) “Nothing is at the last sacred but the integrity of your own mind.” (line 14) “What I must do is all that concerns me, not what the people think.” (line 24) “A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds . . .” (line 40) “To be great is to be misunderstood.” (line 48)

10 Vocab Aversion-A strong dislike
Decorum-Good taste in conduct or appearance Exhilaration-A feeling of high spirits or lively joy Importune- To ask urgently or repeatedly; to annoy; to annoy or trouble Nonconformist- One who does not follow generally accepted beliefs, customs, or practices Occult-Secret or hidden from view

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