Presentation on theme: "How can irony be an effective tool to both teach and manipulate?"— Presentation transcript:
1How can irony be an effective tool to both teach and manipulate? “The Pardoner’s Tale”How can irony be an effective tool to both teach and manipulate?
2The Pardoner’s Tale3 young men of drunk and riotous behavior search for Death.An old man whom they insult tells them that Death lies up the hill under a tree.They find bags of gold and plot to send the youngest for food and wine and then kill him for the gold.He returns with poisoned wine.They all die.
3Some Background…Pardoners sold pardons—official documents from Rome that pardoned a person’s sins.The Pardoner in Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales is dishonest.The Pardoner often preaches about how money is the root of all evil.Beginning course details and/or books/materials needed for a class/project.
4Death personifiedThe Pardoner’s Tale is a reminder that death is inevitable.Death is personified as a thief who pierces the heart of his victims.The tale refers to death as the person responsible for slaughtering one thousand by his hand during the plague (line 670).The three men from the bar are determined to challenge death because he has taken away their friends.This was an iconographic image of death throughout the middle ages and later.(image taken from )
5Hypothesize…How did Chaucer feel about the role of the Pardoner in society/ the church?
6Explain the role of death in “The Pardoner’s Tale”
7Chaucer’s dissatisfaction There was widespread dissatisfaction with pardoners (as also with money-loving Friars) in Chaucer's time, and both were popular subjects of satire and joking.“The Pardoner’s Tale” is an allegorical, satirical, and ironic conveyance of the greed of the church and the recognition that the church was corrupted during this time period.
8A symbolic representation. ALLEGORYThe Seven Deadly SinsPrideAvariceLustAngerGluttonyEnvySlothA symbolic representation.In “The Pardoner’s Tale” we are exposed to the symbolic representation of the vices of humanity- The Seven Deadly Sins
9Allegory a narrative with both a literal and symbolic meaning. Exemplum: an allegory that uses an example to make a point.
10“The Ship of Fools”The allegory shows a boat “populated by human inhabitants who are deranged, frivolous, or oblivious, passengers aboard a ship without a pilot, and seemingly ignorant of their own direction.”
11“The Ship of Fools”The allegory shows a boat “populated by human inhabitants who are deranged, frivolous, or oblivious, passengers aboard a ship without a pilot, and seemingly ignorant of their own direction.”
12The Canterbury Tales Religious Allegory Literal meaningSymbolic meaning
13“The Pardoner’s Tale” as an Allegory Exemplum a narrative with both a literal and symbolic meaning.Exemplum: an allegory that uses an example to make a point.
14Archetypal Narrative Elements Example from textCharacters, events, and other things that come in threesA test of characters’ moral fiber leading to their destinyA mysterious guide who helps point the wayA just ending that rewards good or punishes evil
15How can allegory be an effective tool to both teach and manipulate? How does the Pardoner both teach a lesson and manipulate?
16Chaucer uses SATIRE and IRONY in “The Pardoner’s Tale”
17SatireNoun. A literary manner which blends humor with criticism for the purpose of instruction or the improvement of humanity
18Some tools of the satirist Direct satireIndirect SatireExaggeration/DiminutiztionUtopianism/ DystopianismCaricatureParody
19DEFINITION/ DESCRIPTION TERMDEFINITION/ DESCRIPTIONEXAMPLEMockeryMaking fun of something“Man is the only animal that blushes- or needs to.” - Mark TwainSarcasmHarsh, personally directed comment: using praise to mock someone; usually aims to hurtTo refer to a 98-pount weakling as a “real he-man”OverstatementSay more than is meant; exaggeration“I’m so hungry I could eat a horse”UnderstatementSaying less than is meant“Mount Everest is not small”ParodyImitation of a specific, known person, literary work, movie, or event; often involves mockingGeneral MacArthur said, “Old soldiers never die, they just fade away” PARODY: “Old blondes never grey, they just dye away.”PathosGoing from the serious to the ridiculous quickly“I love my country, my wife, my job, and chocolate candy”Mock-HeroicImitation, exaggeration, and distortion of literary epic styleThe garbage man, tall and strong, lifted his glittery can of rubbish as if it were a feather, and with the strength of Thor, hurled it into the dumpster.IronySay one thing yet meaning anotherIn Romeo and Juliet when Romeo tells Mercutio that his wound is slight. Mercutio says “No, it’s not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door; but ‘tis enough, t’will serve”
21IRONY Situational Verbal Dramatic The opposite of what is expected to happen occursVerbalThe opposite of what is meant is said (sarcasm)DramaticThe reader knows something the character does not
22Situational IronyThe fire safety lectures were canceled because the screen caught on fire.An ambulance runs over a pedestrian.If you have a phobia of long words you have to tell people that you have Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia...
30Extra ExamplesYour friend walks into a pile of dog poop and you say “Wow, how lucky are you?”*This is where sarcasm is shown for verbal irony.
31You work from six in the morning to six at night doing manual labor. Verbal irony would be if you came home and said “I just had the most amazing day!”A mean sales women is rude to you.You would turn to whoever you are with and say “What a lovely lady she is.”
32Dramatic IronyScary music in a horror movie only the audience can hear, so we are prepared for what is to come while the characters are not.In Titanic, we know the boat is going to sink. The people on the boat are unaware of the actual dangers the iceberg presents.Have you seen, read, or know the story of Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet?
33What does the Pardoner always preach about? Sin of Greed and “The Love of money is the root of all evil”How does this quote relate to “The Pardoner’s Tale?
34 In church he was a noble ecclesiast. Chaucer’s wordsAnd with these relics, any time he found Some poor up-country parson to astound, On one short day, in money down, he drew More than the parson in a month or two,725And by his flatteries and prevarication Made monkeys of the priest and congregation. But still to do him justice first and last In church he was a noble ecclesiast.
35The Pardoner (lines 689-734) Greed, Sloth Compared to Summoner—together they sing a song about lustful loveHas yellow waxy hair hanging down on his head thin like rat-tails; has bulging eyeballs; small voice like a goat; no beardWore a little capGreed, SlothPersonification of evil; sells holy relics and favors to pardon people form all their sins to ensure purgatory; extorts money from people by preaching against having money; has repulsive physical features; special skill is singing at the offertory to extract money.
36So, what is ironic about… In church he was a noble ecclesiast.
37AND So, what is ironic about… His sermons:Sin of Greed“The Love of money is the root of all evil”
38EQ: How can irony be an effective tool to both teach and manipulate? What is Chaucer teaching?How is he manipulating?What is the Pardoner teaching?Baba’s Word Review Video