Presentation on theme: "Turn to page 102. Whan that April with his showres soote The droughte of March hath perced to the roote, And bathed every veine in swich licour, Of which."— Presentation transcript:
Turn to page 102. Whan that April with his showres soote The droughte of March hath perced to the roote, And bathed every veine in swich licour, Of which vertu engendred is the flowr,
Anticipation Guide What do you already know about the Middle Ages? The Westgate is a massive medieval gatehouse in Canterbury, Kent, England
Medieval English Society 1066-1485 The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer Chaucer creates characters that help us understand the complexities of this historical time period.
9 Literary Devices 1.) Satire 2.) Irony 3.) Allusion 4.) Couplet 5.) Frame Story 6.) Dynamic and static characters 7.) Allegory 8.) Direct and indirect characterization 9.) Humor
Characteristics of the text. Estates Satire- Sets out to expose and ridicule typical examples of corruption at all levels of society. Satire- writing that ridicules human weakness, vice, or folly to bring out social reform. Shows absurdities. It is the reader’s job to untangle the meaning of what is implied…
Class Structure Feudal group- Fighting each other to get what they want Ecclesiastical group- People who run the church Urban group- People out to make money What determines status? Birth, wealth, profession, personal ability, etc.
Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400) Father was a middle class wine merchant. Became a page (servant to a knight) in a royal household as a teenager.
How the text got to us… “Although he was born a commoner and continued to associate with commoners in his official life, he did not live as a commoner; and although his training and service at court, his wife’s connections, and probably his poetry brought him into contact with the nobility, he must always have been conscious of the fact that he did not really belong to that society of which birth alone could make one a true member.” (Norton Anthology of English Literature 216)
The following are techniques used to interpret the text. This classical piece of literature is layered with complexities that need to be sorted out. These techniques can help you interpret many different kind of texts… they are not exclusive to just this one. We will test how effectively they are used.
Physiognomy A “science” that judged a person’s temperament and character based on his or her anatomy. The most exaggerated facial features are those of the peasants. Example: The Miller represents the stereotypical peasant physiognomy most clearly: round and ruddy, with a wart on his nose, the Miller appears rough and therefore suited to rough, simple work.
Irony We will be drawing out ironic implications in the text. Irony- a contrast between expectation and reality, between what is said and what is meant, between what appears to be true and what is really true.
Features of Chaucer’s writing. Frame story: a plot structure that involves the telling of one or more stories within another story. Couplet: two lines in poetry that rhyme.
Allegory A story with two meanings— Literal and symbolic.
Direct Characterization Direct- a writer uses words to tell what a character is like. Example words: sympathetic, kind, ambitious, etc.
Indirect Characterization A writer lets the reader form opinions by: 1.) describing how a character looks or dresses 2.) using the character’s own words 3.) revealing what the character is thinking or feeling 4.) showing the effect the character has on other people 5.) showing how people react toward the character 6.) showing the character’s actions
We are going to doodle. http://www.ted.com/talks/sunni_brown.html 1:45
Expert Group Project Characters that we will explore: Group 1: Knight Group 2: Nun Group 3: Friar Group 4: Oxford Cleric Group 5: Franklin Group 6: Doctor Group 7: Wife of Bath Group 8: Parson Group 9: Manciple
The Wife of Bath ’ s Tale Pages 133-148 in the textbook.
Dynamic and static characters Dynamic characters- characters that change throughout the story. Static characters- characters that stay the same throughout the story.
Example In the movie The Titanic… Rose is a dynamic character. Cal Hockley, Rose's fiancé, is a static character.
Allusion Indirect inference to something else. Humor A quality that makes characters and their situations seem funny, amusing, or ludicrous. Examples: puns, word play, satire, sarcasm, parody, subtle wit, etc.
Wife of Bath Theme: Women should have sovereignty over men in marriage.