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A MODEST POWER POINT. Satire is a literary term used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing,

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Presentation on theme: "A MODEST POWER POINT. Satire is a literary term used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing,"— Presentation transcript:

1 A MODEST POWER POINT

2 Satire is a literary term used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack. Rich Guy Feeling Left Out Of Recession SATIRE

3 Satire has a target, which may be a person or group of people, an idea or attitude, an institution or a social practice. It is found in many artistic forms of expression, including literature, plays, commentary, and media such as song lyrics and television. Often the target is examined by being held up for ridicule, typically in the hope of shaming it into reform. SATIRE

4 Horatian – Light hearted and intended for fun. The subject of the satire is mildly made fun of and this form of satire tends to ask the audience to laugh at themselves. Juvenalian – Bitter and angry, often attacking the subject of the satire. This form of satire is more judgmental, asking the audience to respond with anger to the events it portrays. TYPES OF SATIRE

5 Irony – A mode of expression, through words (verbal irony) or events (situational irony) conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation. **All satire is ironic, but not all irony is satire!! Sarcasm – Generally it directed at someone and its intent is to hurt. Someone says something that is the opposite of what they really mean. Sometimes it seems like praise, but they are trying to make fun of the subject. TECHNIQUES OF SATIRE

6 Hyperbole(Exaggeration) – Enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds, so that it becomes ridiculous and we can see its faults. Reversal – Present the opposite of what is normal. Flipping things on their head. TECHNIQUES OF SATIRE

7 Parody – Imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing. Typically in a humorous way. Caricature – An exaggeration or other distortion of an individual’s prominent feature or characteristics to the point of making that individual appear ridiculous. TECHNIQUES OF SATIRE

8 It is easy to confuse irony and coincidence. Irony is not just good or bad luck. IRONY

9 Verbal irony occurs when what is said (verbal) is in contradiction to what is meant. This should not be confused with sarcasm. Irony does not need to be mocking or insulting like sarcasm. VERBAL IRONY

10 A man stares out a window looking at a miserably muddy rainy day and remarks, "lovely day for a stroll." This remark is ironic because it expresses the opposite of the circumstances. EXAMPLE OF VERBAL IRONY

11 Situational Irony occurs in literature and in drama when people and events come together in improbable situations, creating a tension between expected and real results. SITUATIONAL IRONY

12 If the president of Microsoft, Bill Gates, were to win a contest and the grand prize was a computer system, the irony would be situational because such a circumstance would appear ridiculous or "funny" for a number of reasons. Bill Gates doesn't need a computer, he runs the world's largest software company, and he's filthy rich, so winning a computer seems silly and "ironic". EXAMPLE OF SITUATIONAL IRONY

13 Bill Gates has just as much chance of winning a contest like that as anyone else who entered. A computer is a great prize to wins, etc. The true "oddness" cannot be explained logically, even though everyone would find that particular situation weird, funny, and "ironic". This sense of being "unfair" or "unfortunate" is a trademark of situational irony. EXPLANATION OF EXAMPLE

14 Tragic irony or Dramatic Irony is employed to heighten the suspense in a given situation. In this form of irony, the audience knows something that the characters do not. DRAMATIC IRONY

15 Horror films often use this as the audience sees the murderer sneak up to the protagonist, but the characters do not. A perfect example is in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, when Romeo commits suicide when he believes Juliet to be dead. EXAMPLE OF DRAMATIC IRONY

16 From The movement was shaped by the idea of rationalism (reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action). The age encouraged intellectual freedom. They popularized the idea of progress or change in society THE AGE OF REASON AND SATIRE

17 Maybe most renown moralist and best prose satirist during the Age of Reason was Jonathan Swift. His satiric writing style lent itself to bringing forth the evils of society and the individual.Jonathan Swift Next week we will read A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift. THE AGE OF REASON AND SATIRE

18 1.Why is this video funny? 2.Who is it making fun of? Why? 3.What is the overall message? 4.What kind of social commentary are they making? In other words, what are they trying to change in society? THE NEW IHAND

19 1.Why is this video funny? 2.Who is it making fun of? Why? 3.What is the overall message? 4.What kind of social commentary are they making? In other words, what are they trying to change in society? VALENTINE’S DAY STONING


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