Presentation on theme: "Exploring the Religions of Our World"— Presentation transcript:
1 Exploring the Religions of Our World Chapter 3 Christianity
2 Chapter 3 Christianity many churches Background Christianity many doctrinesmanydenominationssamecore beliefs
3 Chapter 3 Christianity History Jesus of Nazareth: birth was a fulfillment of Jewish prophecywas the long awaited Jewish Messiahtaught: the kingdom of God was at handwas publicly crucified for being an insurrectionistrose from the dead, changing the lives of his followers
4 Chapter 3 ChristianityPeriods of Christian HistoryPage 83
5 Chapter 3 Christianity History – two major and lasting divisions 1. The Great Schism (1054)Contributing factors:Constantine moved the capital to ByzantiumIncreased power of the bishop of RomeThe spread of Islam in the EastDifferences in customsThe filioque controversy
6 Chapter 3 ChristianityHistory – two major and lasting divisions (continued)2. The Protestant Reformation (1517)Contributing factors:interference by kings in Church affairscooperation between church and stategrowth of temporal power in the Western Churchthe Avignon PapacyMartin Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses
7 Chapter 3 Christianity Movements within Protestantism Fundamentalism – holds that what is written in the Bible is to be understood in its most literal senseEvangelicalism – emphasizes a personal faith in Jesus Christ and the Bible as the sole religious authorityPentecostalism – emphasizes the gifts of the Holy Spirit
8 Chapter 3 Christianity The Christian Bible Sacred Stories and Sacred ScripturesThe Christian Bible includes:TheHebrewScripturesTheChristianBibleTheNewTestament
9 Chapter 3 ChristianitySacred Stories and Sacred Scriptures (continued)To compose the sacred books, Godchose certain men who, all the whilehe employed them in this task, madefull use of their own faculties andpowers so that, though he acted inthem and by them, it was as trueauthors that they consigned to writingwhatever he wanted written, and no more.Dei Verbum no. 11
10 Christian communities Christian communities Chapter 3 ChristianitySacred Stories and Sacred Scriptures (continued)Gospelsstories of thelife of JesusTheNewTestamentActs of the Apostleshistory of the earlyChristian communitiesEpistlesletters of the earlyChristian communitiesBook of Revelationan apocalyptic work
11 Chapter 3 Christianity Christians Agree On Christians Disagree On The authoritative books in the New TestamentThe thirty-nine books in the Old TestamentThe Bible is the inspired word of GodChristians Disagree OnThe authoritative books in the Hebrew Bible: 39 vs. 46The interpretation of the Bible: Magisterium vs. private/personalThe “Book of the Church” vs. the “Church of the Book”Scripture vs. Sacred TraditionBiblical inerrancy
12 The Apostles’ Creed (c. AD 150) Chapter 3 ChristianityBeliefs and PracticesCreed – articulates Christian beliefsThe Apostles’ Creed (c. AD 150)I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth.And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived bythe power of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered underPontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended intohell; The third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended intoheaven, sits at the right hand of God, the Father almighty; from thenHe shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the HolySpirit, the holy catholic church, the communion of saints, theforgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting.
13 Chapter 3 Christianity Beliefs and Practices (continued) The Nicean Creed (AD 325)We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of allthat is seen and unseen. We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God,eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light true God fromTrue God, begotten, not made, one in Being with the Father, through him all thingswere made. For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven; by thepower of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man. For oursake he was he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered, died, and was buried.On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures; he ascended intoheaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory tojudge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. We believe in theHoly Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son.With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified. He has spoken throughthe prophets. We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledgeone baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, andthe life of the world to come.
14 Chapter 3 Christianity Beliefs and Practices (continued) Jesus second person ofthe Trinity;God in the fleshThe Trinityone God in threedivine personsSinclosed the gatesof heavenRedemptionGod chose to savehumanitythrough JesusThe Bibleoffers instructionson Christian livingThe Churchthe “new Israel”
16 Chapter 3 Christianity Sacred Times (continued) Sunday Sacraments a “little Easter”Sacramentsgiven by ChristPrayerformal andinformal
17 Chapter 3 Christianity Sacred Places and Sacred Spaces Churches - where the community comes together for worship and fellowship
18 Chapter 3 ChristianityOther Christian Denominations through a Catholic Lenscatholic means “universal”The Catholic Church holds:the fullness of Christ’s bodythe fullness of the means to salvationthe fullness of faiththe sacramentsthe ordained ministry from the Apostlesuniversality
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