Presentation on theme: "Www.walsall.gov.uk Area 3: North Walsall March 2015 Version 1.1 Area Partnership Profile."— Presentation transcript:
Area 3: North Walsall March 2015 Version 1.1 Area Partnership Profile
Profile Structure 1.Geography, Demographics, Deprivation & Social Segmentation 2.Economy & Employment 3.Education & Young People 4.Health & Wellbeing 5.Crime & Community Safety Annex A: Guidance notes, useful links and acknowledgements (Includes help with interpreting charts that reference confidence intervals) 2
1 Geography, Demographics, Deprivation & Social Segmentation
Key Issues Relatively young population profile, with a lower than borough average proportion of over 50s Lower than borough average levels of ethnic diversity Life expectancy levels that are below the Walsall average High proportion of socially rented housing and low owner occupation Above average proportion of lone parents and older people (65+) living alone Majority of residents experiencing extreme multiple deprivation, with many neighbourhoods amongst the worst in England Higher than average proportions of more deprived social groups, including low income families and elderly people reliant on state support
Geography Covers sq km (1,601 ha) Makes up 15.4% of the area of Walsall borough Population density of 34 people per hectare (higher than borough average of 26) Source: Ordnance Survey; ONS, Mid-2013 Population Estimates Wards and Community Areas
Population Structure Source: ONS, Mid-2013 Population Estimates Total Population: 54,900 Younger age profile than borough overall More young children in particular Fewer older working age, and older people aged
Ethnicity Source: ONS, 2011 Census Pakistani: 4.1% Mixed White/Black Caribbean: 1.6% White Other (not Irish or Gypsy/Traveller): 1.6% Indian: 1.4% AP has below borough average proportion of minority ethnic residents (Walsall av. 23.1%)
Female Life Expectancy Average life expectancy (LE) for females in Walsall is 82.7 years All wards within Walsall North have significantly lower LE for females than the borough average, with the exception of Bloxwich West (83.2 yrs) Source: PHMF , Life Expectancy Tool
Male Life Expectancy Source: PHMF , Life Expectancy Tool Average life expectancy (LE) for males in Walsall is 77.8 years All wards within Walsall North have significantly lower male LE than the borough average.
Household Composition 21,871 households (with at least 1 usual resident) Increase of 3.7% since 2001 (Walsall av. 6.0%) Average household size: 2.5 (Walsall av. 2.5) Source: ONS, Census 2011 Above average proportion of lone parents and older people (65+) living alone
Housing Tenure Source: ONS, Census 2011*ONS measure – based on (room) occupancy rating of -1 or less Very high proportion of socially rented properties Low level of owner occupation 7.5% of households ‘overcrowded’* (Walsall av. 6.5%) 3.3% of households without central heating (Walsall av. 2.8%)
Deprivation Majority of n’hoods suffer from severe multiple deprivation – among most deprived in England and the highest concentration of deprivation in the borough. Exception is Turnberry – least 10% deprived in England Source: DCLG, Index of Multiple Deprivation, 2010
Deprivation Residents in AP3 are relatively much more deprived than national and borough average. 4 in 5 residents (80%) experience levels of severe multiple deprivation (in the worst 20% in country) – compared with 44% across Walsall overall. Despite this, 6% of residents in live in neighbourhoods with are amongst the least deprived in England. Source: DCLG, Index of Multiple Deprivation, 2010
Social Segmentation The largest group of households (30.19%) are classified as group M – Family Basics: ‘Families with limited resources who have to budget to make ends meet’ Source: Experian, Mosaic Public Sector 2014 Key Features Families with children Aged Limited resources Some own low cost homes Some rent from social landlords Squeezed budgets
2 Economy and Employment 15
Key Issues Low number of workplaces, below borough and national average density. Construction sector important locally. Much lower level of economically active adults than Walsall average, with especially low numbers in employment: 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men are economically inactive (i.e. out of the labour market altogether). Much higher than borough and national average levels of out‐of‐work benefit dependency. Levels of adult basic skills (literacy, numeracy and ICT) below borough average, and a high number of adults with no formal qualifications.
Businesses 1,095 workplaces* Source: ONS, BRES 2014 *A workplace is a ‘local unit’: an individual site (for example a factory or shop) associated with an enterprise. 94% of workplaces are private sector / 6% public sector. The Area has a much lower density of businesses per resident than the borough and national average.
Industrial Sectors Source: ONS, BRES 2014 Above average for: Construction (Walsall 11.8%) Strategically important companies include: Homeserve Plc (Services) South Staffordshire Plc (Utilities) S Macneillie & Sons Ltd (Manufacturing)
Retired: 4.3% Student (inc full time): 5.0% Looking after home/family: 8.5% Long term sick/disabled: 7.8% Other: 3.9% Employed:59.2% Full time:36.6% Part time:16.0% Self-employed:6.5% Unemployed: 11.3% Economic Activity Economically Active: 70.5%Economically Inactive : 29.5% 77.9%63.3%22.1%36.7% % of working age residents (aged 16-64) who are: Source: ONS, Census 2011
Unemployment and Benefits 1 in 5 adults (6,570) dependent on an out-of-work benefit. Well above borough and national level of claimants. Largest group are those on employment support allowance/incapacity benefit: 3,355 people, or 1 in 10 adults. Source: DWP, Working Age Client Group, May 2014
Jobseekers JSA claimant count Jan15: 1,425 claimants JSA claimant rate: 4.3% of yr olds (Walsall 3.1%, England 1.9%) Young claimants (18-24): 6.9% (Walsall 5.4%, England 2.9%) Average (median) length of claims: 23.5 weeks (Walsall 22.5, England 19.5) Source: ONS, Jobseeker’s Allowance Claimant Count, Jan 2008 – Jan 2015
Basic Skills Entry Level (and below) Level 1Level 2 (and above) Literacy Area %34.0%42.4% Walsall19.0%31.9%49.1% Numeracy Area %22.5%13.6% Walsall58.0%25.0%17.0% ICT * Area %28.7%30.3% Walsall34.9%28.1%37.0% · Entry Level: Pre-GCSE · Level 1:Equivalent to GCSE grades C - G · Level 2:Equivalent to GCSE grades A*- C *Based on Multiple Choice test of ICT knowledge Source: BIS, Skills for Life Survey 2011 Adult literacy, numeracy and ICT skills much lower than borough average. Almost 1 in 4 adults have literacy skills below GCSE level. Almost 2 in 3 adults have numeracy skills below GCSE level.
Qualifications · None: No formal qualifications · Level 1:1-4 GCSEs or equivalent qualifications · Level 2:5 GCSEs or equivalent qualifications · Level 3:2 or more A-levels or equivalent qualifications · Level 4+: Bachelors degree or equivalent, and higher qualifications · A’ship:Apprenticeship · Other: including foreign qualifications Source: ONS, Census 2011 Adult qualifications levels much lower than borough average. Over 1 in 3 working age residents (approx 11,400 people) have no formal qualifications. Very low proportion with degree level qualifications.
3 Education and Young People (Note: See Annex A for guidance on interpreting slides containing confidence intervals) 24
Key Issues Some improvement in educational attainment, particularly at Key Stage 4 (GCSE) but attainment levels till well below the borough average at all stages Very high proportion of children living in poverty Multiple health issues of concern including: Infant and perinatal mortality Prevalence of breastfeeding at 6‐8 weeks Childhood obesity Unintentional and deliberate injuries in 0‐5 year olds Teenage pregnancy 25
Perinatal / Infant Mortality Source: Child Death Overview Panel, Most community areas within North Walsall AP have higher rate of infant mortality from 2010 to 2014 in comparison to the Walsall average (7.6) except Bloxwich, Goscote and Mossley/Dudley Fields. Bloxwich, North Blakenall and North Walsall communities have higher perinatal mortality rates (babies who are still born or die within 7 days of birth) than the Walsall average (4.16).
Low Birth Weight Birchills/Reedswood (11.7%) and North Walsall (12.4%) community areas with Area 3 are statistically significantly worse than the Walsall (8.6%) and national average (7%). Source: Walsall Healthcare NHS Trust, Care Plus
Breastfeeding All communities within Area 3 have lower prevalence of breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks than the Walsall average (31%) except Birchills/Reedswood and North Walsall. Source: Walsall Healthcare NHS Trust, Care Plus
Childhood Obesity Across AP 3 the proportion of obesity in Reception (aged 4/5), Year 4 & 6 (aged from 8 to 11) children are statistically significantly higher than the Walsall average since 2011/12. Source: National Child Measurement Programme
Births to Teenage Mothers years All communities except Birchilill/Reedswood and Leamore in area 3 have higher percentage of teenager mothers than the Walsall average (1.5%). Beechdale and Mossley/Dudley Fields communities are statistically significantly higher than Walsall average. Source: Walsall Healthcare NHS Trust, Care Plus
Emergency Admissions Unintentional / Deliberate Injuries in Children 0 to 4 Years Beechdale, Bloxwich, Leamore, North Blakenall and North Walsall community areas in the area 3 have higher emergency admissions than the Walsall average (32.3). Source: Secondary Uses Service dataset and Public Health Outcome Framework
4 Health & Wellbeing (Note: See Annex A for guidance on interpreting slides containing confidence intervals) 32
Key Issues Multiple health issues of concern including: Trauma related to falls and hip fractures (aged 65 and over) Respiratory mortality Prevention & early detection of long term conditions (CHD) Alcohol admissions 33
Admissions to Hospital for Falls Aged 65 Years Source: Secondary Uses Services (SUS) dataset 2011/12 – 2013/14 and Census 2011 population estimates for Walsall communities. Caveat: Community estimations were derived by using SUS patient postcode sector and allocating postcode sectors to each community area with greatest number of postcode sectors. Most communities within Area 3 have statistically significantly higher rate of admissions to hospital for falls in people aged 65+ than Walsall average (33.9 per 1,000).
Residents with identified Carers The charts show the number of service users who have an identified, informal carer per 1,000 clients resident within the Ward or Area. There are differences between areas of the borough which identifies where a need to support carers exists.
Hip Fracture Hospital Admissions Most communities (with recorded admissions) within Area 3 had statistically significantly higher rate of admissions due to hip trauma in people aged 65 and over than the Walsall average (22.7 per 1,000). Source: Secondary Uses Services (SUS) dataset 2011/12 – 2013/14 and Census 2011 population estimates for Walsall communities. Caveat: Community estimations were derived by using SUS patient postcode sector and allocating postcode sectors to each community area with greatest number of postcode sectors.
Dementia Prevalence Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. Most communities within AP 3 are lower than Walsall and national averages except North Blakenall which is statistically significantly higher.
Diabetes Prevalence Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. Most community areas have higher estimated prevalence for diabetes than Walsall average (8.7%), with the exception of Birchills/Reedswood and North Blakenall which is statistically significantly lower than Walsall average.
Mental Illness Prevalence Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. Birchills/Reedswood, Bloxwich, North Blakenall and North Walsall communities have higher estimated prevalence for mental health than Walsall (0.85%) and national average (0.86%).
Depression Prevalence Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. Mossley/Dudley Fields, North Blakenall and North Walsall are statistically significantly higher estimated prevalence for Depression than Walsall (7%) and national average (6.5%).
Learning Disabilities Prevalence Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. All communities within AP3 except North Blakenall have a higher estimated prevalence for Learning Disability than Walsall (0.47%) and national average (0.48%).
Coronary Heart Disease Prevalence Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. Leamore community has a statistically significantly higher estimated prevalence of coronary heart disease than the Walsall (4.1%) and national average (3.3%).
Cancer Prevalence 43 Source: Quality and Outcomes Framework 2013/14 and Public Health Outcome Framework Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. All communities within Area 3 have lower estimated prevalence for cancer than Walsall (2.1%) and national average (1.91%) except Bloxwich (2.57%).
% Health Check Uptake 40 to 74 Years Source: Health Intelligence Caveat: GP practice location used as estimate for corresponding community and area partnership prevalence rather than patient location. Half the communities in this area have a lower than average uptake, however the confidence intervals are very wide.
Alcohol Admissions Rate Source: Secondary Uses Service (SUS) - NHS Midlands and Lancashire CSU There is a variety of rates within this area with around half being above the Walsall average.
Respiratory Mortality 46 Source: Open Exeter, (ICD10 Codes J00 – J99) and Office of national statistics census 2011 community areas estimates Caveat: All age cancer mortality crude rates with 95% confidence intervals. All communities within AP3 have higher rate of respiratory mortality compared with Walsall average (6.6 per 1,000) except Birchills/Reedswood. Bloxwich and Leamore are statistically significantly higher than walsall average.
5 Crime & Community Safety 47
Geography The Area Partnership is within the North Walsall Police Sector It is covered by the following 4 Police Neighbourhoods (which are coextensive with ward boundaries) Birchills-Leamore Blakenall Bloxwich East Bloxwich West There are three areas in Walsall that have been identified as priority areas for crime and community safety issues, based on an analysis of key datasets. These areas have been identified by a range of local partnership services as they experience a relatively high number of repeat incidents that create multiple demands. Whilst short and medium term plans and activity take place, a longer term partnership wide approach is seen as necessary to resolve key issues in these areas. 1.Walsall Town Centre 2.Bloxwich 3.Birchills
Anti-Social Behaviour The map (right) shows hotspots of Anti- Social Behaviour (ASB) incidents within the Area Partnership. Data includes Police reported ASB offences 1 st January – 31 st December 2014, along with partnership data from the ASB Unit, Beechdale, Caldmore Accord, Clean and Green, Environmental Health, Fire Service, Trading Standards, Walsall Housing Group and Watmos. North Walsall has the second highest level of ASB incidents across the borough accounting for 25.7%. Although this AP has the highest rate of 98.7 ASB incidents per 1,000 residents compared with 77.5 in Walsall overall. There are a number of prevalent areas across the AP but the main hotspot is in Blakenall Heath. Anti-Social Behaviour (ASB) incident hotspots, Jan - Dec 14 Source: Walsall Partnership Jan – Dec 14
Crime Rates Crime across the borough has seen a slight increase of 7.6% comparing Jan13 – Dec13 against the period of Jan14 - Dec14. This was an increase of 1,205 victims of crime. Of the six AP’s, North Walsall has the second highest Total Recorded Crime with 23% of all offenses in the borough committed here. There are over 8 more crimes committed per 1,000 residents than in Walsall overall (70.71 in North Walsall compared to in Walsall). The chart above shows that rates for Violent Crime, Assault with injury, Domestic Burglary, Vehicle Crime and Criminal Damage are all above the borough average. This leave Burglary other building and Robbery below the average. Recorded crimes by type, per 1,000 residents (mid-2013) population, Jan 14 – Dec 14 Source: West Midlands Police, 2014
The Top 3 issues identified in the local area in wave 36 Perception of problems: Respondents to the feeling the difference survey conducted by bmg research on behalf of West Midlands Police were asked to identify their top three issues in their locality. The graph on the left shows the top issues identified by respondents. Walsall residents hold perceptions that predominantly fall in line with the Force average and there has been no significant movements since Wave 35 in any of the key indicator measures. There is a clear divide by Constituency, with the most positive views held by residents in Aldridge Brownhills and Walsall South, and the least in Walsall North. Public confidence in the police is most likely to be increased if the local police are viewed to ‘deal with things that matter to communities’, ‘be relied on to be there when needed’, and ‘work with people in the community to improve neighbourhoods’.
Key Issues Relatively high level of crime in the Area as a whole — although crime across the borough is currently at an all time low. AP contains two Police Priority Areas, areas of high demand on police resources. High levels of arson incidents, particularly involving refuse and grassland fires Vehicle Crime, Criminal Damage (notably to vehicles) and Burglary are particular issues 52
54 Understanding Confidence Intervals (CI) Below is an explanation of charts that include 95% confidence intervals (CI) to help you understand how to interpret their meanings. The example chart shows Respiratory mortality per 1,000 population. The results relating to the AP for which this profile relates are coloured red. The dotted line running through the chart shows the average rate of respiratory mortality across the whole of Walsall. The Confidence Interval symbol I represents how sure we are in the actual result within a +/- margin of error at 95% CI. 1. Statistically significantly higher: If the overall CI -/+ range lies entirely above comparison average line then the result is seen as statistically significantly higher than the borough average. Example #1 North Walsall. 2. Statistically significantly lower If it lies entirely below the comparison average line then the result is seen as statistically significantly lower than the borough average. Example # 2 Chuckery. 3. Within normal range If the CI -/+ range crosses the average line at any point then the result is not seen as statistically significant but the actual result maybe still be higher or lower than the average. Example # 3 Moxley. NB in this example a lower rate is better, in some charts a higher rate is better
Walsall Intelligence: Data and intelligence portal for Walsall Partnership, including links to profiles, needs assessments and additional resources Census: Information related to the release of the latest census results, including analysis and reports for Walsall and links to official ONS websites Neighbourhood Statistics: Office for National Statistics website providing a wealth of small‐area data on people, health, work, education, housing, crime and the environment. Nomis: detailed and up‐to‐date UK labour market and economic statistics from official sources Useful Links