Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Resources and Energy Chapter 7. Mineral Resources Metal Ores Non-metallic minerals Gems.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Resources and Energy Chapter 7. Mineral Resources Metal Ores Non-metallic minerals Gems."— Presentation transcript:

1 Resources and Energy Chapter 7

2 Mineral Resources Metal Ores Non-metallic minerals Gems

3 Metal ores From cooling magma (Cr, Ni, Pb) –Rock cools, heavy metals settle to bottom From contact metamorphism (Pb, Cu, Zn) –Heat changes chemical composition to ore From hydrothermal solutions creating contact metamorphism – Minerals dissolve into solution, solution enters cracks, new minerals form and precipitate out into “veins” From moving water –Fragments settle out as placer deposits


5 Minerals and Their Uses MetallicUses Hematite and Magnetite (iron)making steel Galena (lead)car batteries; solder Gold, silver, platinumelectronics; dental; coins; jewelry; utensils; bowls Chalcopyrite (copper)wiring; coins; jewelry; ornaments Sphalerite (zinc)brass; galvanization of steel Non-metallicUses Diamond (carbon)drills; saws; jewelry Graphite (carbon)pencils; paint; lubricants; batteries Calcitecement; building stone Halite (salt)food preparation; food preservation; de-icers Kaolinite (clay)ceramics; cement; bricks Quartz (sand)glass Sulfurgunpowder; medicines; rubber Gypsumplaster and wallboard


7 Mining Removing resources faster than nature can replace them –Subsurface –Surface –Placer –Undersea

8 Nonrenewable Energy Used faster than can be replenished or is not likely to be replenished (limited) Fossil fuels –Formed from remains of living things –Coal –Petroleum –Natural gas –Oil traps (shale)

9 Coal Massive plant deposits Carbonization of peat Produces methane, carbon dioxide and coal in the absence of oxygen (swamps)

10 Peat

11 Lignite (brown coal) in the Dakotas

12 Strip mining soft coal (80% C) in Wyoming

13 High grade anthracite

14 Petroleum Part of carbon cycle also Liquid hydrocarbons from converted plant and animal remains Natural gas = gaseous hydrocarbons Often found together with water



17 Oil Shale Impervious rocks like shale trap oil and gas in crests or upwarps of rock layers. A=anticline trap. R=reef trap. S=stratigraphic trap

18 Nuclear Energy Fission is the splitting of atoms Releases tremendous amounts of energy that bind individual atoms together 1,000,000X stronger than chemical bonds

19 Power Generation


21 Fusion Power Fusion of hydrogen nuclei to form helium 15 million degrees C Cold fusion ?

22 Renewable Energy

23 Geothermal Solar Hydropower Biomass Wind

24 Geothermal Steam generated from underground heat sources Advantages? Disadavantages?


26 Solar energy Passive systems – sun room, etc Advantages/disadvantages?

27 Solar Energy Active solar – collectors/photovoltaic cells

28 Photovoltaic cell

29 Hydropower Water moves turbines generating electricity Advantages/disadvantages?

30 Sea power, too! Tidal and wave generator

31 Biomass Decomposition or processing of organic wastes create substances which may be burned as fuel E.g., trees, manure, sawdust, garbage, straw, paper Advantages/disadvantages

32 Biomass Generator Waste wood in chip form


34 Windpower Moving air moves blades of turbine generating electricity Advantages/disadvantages? Wind farm


36 Resources and Conservation Weigh options; positive vs. negative Choose cleanest available option Regulate, clean up and reclaim Resources used for more than just energy, so……… Conserve all resources Uses of minerals in your home



39 Landfill Operation


Download ppt "Resources and Energy Chapter 7. Mineral Resources Metal Ores Non-metallic minerals Gems."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google