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Do Now: Open or Closed Door Policy? Mr. Booms recently moved to a new neighborhood. He is debating whether to have an open-door policy or a closed- door.

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now: Open or Closed Door Policy? Mr. Booms recently moved to a new neighborhood. He is debating whether to have an open-door policy or a closed- door."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Do Now: Open or Closed Door Policy? Mr. Booms recently moved to a new neighborhood. He is debating whether to have an open-door policy or a closed- door policy toward his neighbors. If he has an open-door policy, he will invite the neighbors to parties, ask for and perform favors for them, and borrow from and lend things to them. If he has a closed-door policy, he won’t do any of these things. Complete the T-chart below. Reasons to have an OPEN DOOR POLICYReasons to have a CLOSED DOOR POLICY

3 China’s Foreign Policy SWBAT describe China’s foreign contacts during the Tang Dynasty.

4 Did the Qin Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should reject foreigners! Let’s build the Great Wall of China!

5 Did the Han Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should welcome foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road!

6 China’s Foreign Policy SWBAT describe China’s foreign contacts during the Tang Dynasty.

7 Step 1: Listen to the skit. In a Teahouse During the Tang Dynasty

8 Official Welcomes Foreign Contact Chairs New foods like garlic, peas, and spinach Ivory and pearls New entertainment (example: polo) New music (example: pipa) New religious beliefs (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism Buddhists run good schools, hospitals, and lodges Official Who Rejects Foreign Contact Uncomfortable with change (example: women riding horse!?) Special treatment of foreigners may be unfair – Buddhist monks and nuns don’t pay taxes Step 2: Make a T-Chart

9 Mural of Two Polo Players 马球图 Tang (c. 747 CE) Mineral Pigments on Plaster: l. 305 cm. h. 130 cm. Unearthed from tomb of Prince Li Yong in Fuping County, Shaanxi Province

10 Step 3: What would you do!? If you had been China’s emperor during the Tang Dynasty, to what extent would you have welcomed or rejected foreign contact?

11 Buddhist monasteries became very wealthy. Some people, it was said, became monks just to avoid paying taxes. In addition, influential Chinese began attacking Buddhism as a foreign religion. Step 4: What happened at the end of the Tang Dynasty?

12 In 843, the Tang government, which needed money, began seizing property. Thousands of Buddhist monks and nuns were forced to give up their way of life. Monasteries and statues were destroyed. Precious metals were melted down and turned over to the royal treasury. The persecution of Buddhists lasted only a few years, but it greatly weakened the power of the monasteries.

13 How has each religion been persecuted?

14 Homework ALL ABOUT BUDDHA!

15 Buddhism Homework Step 1: Read about Buddha’s life on page 12 of your note packet. Make a tombstone for Buddha that includes 6 facts about his life. Step 2: Read about Buddha’s enlightenment on page 13 of your note packet. In one thoughtful paragraph, answer the following questions: How could the Four Noble Truths help you? How could the Eightfold Path help you? Step 3: Read about Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty, then answer the question with one thoughtful paragraph.

16 Pretend it is the year 819 and you are Emperor Xianzong of the Tang Dynasty. Buddha’s finger bone has just arrived at your palace, and you are about to host a three-day festival to celebrate its arrival. Han Yu, one of your Confucian advisors, tells you: How would you have responded to Han Yu? Buddhism is no more than a cult of barbarian peoples… The Buddha was a man of the barbarians who did not speak the language of China and wore the clothes of a different fashion… How then, when he has long been dead, could his rotten bones, the foul and unlucky remains of his body, be rightly admitted to the palace?...Your servant is deeply shamed and begs that this bone be given to the proper authorities to be cast into the fire and water, that this evil may be rooted out.

17 COPY: The Mongol Empire was the largest empire in human history! Use the map to COPY and COMPLETE: – The Mongol Empire started in the year ______. – The Mongol Empire conquered all of China in ________. – The Mongol Empire split into four pieces in the year _____. ANSWER: – While watching the video, write one more fact you learned about the Mongol Empire. 1206 1279 1294

18 China’s Foreign Policy SWBAT describe China’s foreign contacts during the Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian Rule).

19 Did the Qin Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should reject foreigners! Let’s build the Great Wall of China!

20 Did the Han Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should welcome foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road!

21 Did the Tang Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should welcome some foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road! We should reject some foreigners! Let’s persecute the Buddhists! We should welcome some foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road! We should reject some foreigners! Let’s persecute the Buddhists!

22 China’s Foreign Policy SWBAT describe China’s foreign contacts during the Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian Rule).

23 Step 1: Listen to the skit. At the Khan’s Court During the Yuan Dynasty

24 Step 2: Make a T-Chart Official Who Welcomes Foreign Contact The Mongols made it safer and easier to travel on the Silk Road The Mongols have learned a lot about Muslim culture – Persian scientist Al-Din brought an astronomical instrument => more accurate calendar! – Al-Din built a new observatory – Muslim doctors improved hospitals Marco Polo says nice things about China, so more people will have good view of China Merchant class has gained respect for bringing ivory, perfume, and medicines Official Who Rejects Foreign Contact Outsiders learned about Chinese secrets – Printing techniques – Explosive powder Foreigners chosen to work for government; foreigners rule over Chinese Marco Polo doesn’t read or write Chinese, but he makes $$$ Merchants travel without restrictions and do not pay taxes; treated better than Chinese

25 Step 3: What would you do!? If you had been China’s emperor during the Yuan Dynasty, to what extent would you have welcomed or rejected foreign contact?

26 Step 4: What did Kublai Khan actually do? Kublai Khan (welcomed / rejected) foreigners because he himself was a foreigner from ______________. Mongolia

27 Homework CNN News Tracker due Friday! All missing work due Friday!

28 DO NOW: Mongol Invasion of Japan In 1274, the Mongols tried to conquer Japan. The Mongols had an advantage because they could scare the Japanese horses with gunpowder. In 1281, the Mongols tried to conquer Japan again. The Japanese had an advantage because they prayed for a storm, and a storm destroyed the Mongolian navy.

29 Fall of the Yuan Dynasty & Rise of the Ming Dynasty After the failed invasion of Japan, the Mongols never regained strength The Chinese rebelled and overthrew the Mongols The Chinese formed a new dynasty: the Ming Dynasty Kamikaze (“divine winds”) destroy the Mongolian navy

30 China’s Foreign Policy SWBAT describe China’s foreign contacts during the Ming Dynasty.

31 Did the Qin Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should reject foreigners! Let’s build the Great Wall of China!

32 Did the Han Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should welcome foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road!

33 Did the Tang Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should welcome some foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road! We should reject some foreigners! Let’s persecute the Buddhists! We should welcome some foreigners! Let’s trade on the Silk Road! We should reject some foreigners! Let’s persecute the Buddhists!

34 Did the Yuan Dynasty welcome or reject foreigners? We should welcome foreigners! After all, I, Kublai Khan, am a foreigner from Mongolia. I will make Marco Polo my most trusted official.

35 Step 1: Listen to the skit. On the Dock During the Ming Dynasty

36 Step 2: Make a T-Chart Official Welcomes Foreign Contact After Zheng He’s voyages, 30 places promised to become tributaries of China – Other countries show respect to China (kowtow) => – Sashes from India and amazing animals like ostrich, zebra, lions, giraffe, and leopards China learned how to build huge ships that are unsinkable Official Who Rejects Foreign Contact Zheng He’s voyages have been a waste of money – Tributaries only give cheap gifts – China just put the animals in a zoo China was under attack by Mongols, Dutch and Portuguese, and Japanese pirates Merchants have become overvalued; after all, they produce nothing!

37 Higher Order Thinking We learned about another civilization that became rich from collecting tribute… Which civilization? – THE AZTECS!

38 Which boat belonged to Zheng He? Which boat belonged to Christopher Columbus?

39 Step 3: What would you do!? If you had been China’s emperor during the Ming Dynasty, to what extent would you have welcomed or rejected foreign contact?

40 Step #4: What did the emperor actually do? COPY: The Chinese entered into a period of isolationism, a policy of rejecting contact with foreigners Zheng He’s fleet of ships was destroyed The Great Wall of China was lengthened & strengthened The Ming emperor built a new palace which became known as the Forbidden City

41 Homework: Your Turn to Decide! Page 22 of your packet: Pretend you are a Ming emperor. You must decide whether China should welcome or reject foreign contact. Write your decision and give five reasons supporting it. For example, you might write, “I favor contact with foreigners because foreign merchants bring us luxury products, such as pearls and…”


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