Presentation on theme: "A Nation Divided. Background In the beginning of the war, Canadians were excited about the war effort and thousands of men volunteered However, with."— Presentation transcript:
A Nation Divided
Background In the beginning of the war, Canadians were excited about the war effort and thousands of men volunteered However, with injured men returning to Canada, the reality of Trench Warfare became know to Canadians Therefore, fewer and fewer men volunteered with each passing month Also, after Vimy, Canadian Soldiers began to see more action and suffered much higher causalities. The Canadian Army was shrinking!
Key Statistics MONTHCASUALTIESENLISTMENTS January February March April May June July August September October November December
Borden’s Mission Early in 1917, Canadian Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden visited the Trenches in France He was shocked at what he saw: the conditions of trenches and the amount of casualties Canadians soldiers begged Borden for help: they needed more men Borden promised them that he would get them the help they needed
The Conscription Crisis Borden came home to Canada and attempted to pass a “Conscription” bill Conscription means to force men to go to war Borden’s bill hit like a bomb! Canada was deeply divided by the issue
Supporters of Conscription British Canadians loved the idea of conscription They felt that other people within Canada had not done their part (especially Quebec)
Detractors of Conscription Many groups in Canada resisted conscription 1. French Canadians 2. Recent immigrants 3. Pacifists 4. Farmers 5. Factory workers
1917 Election An Election was scheduled for Dec Conscription was the only issue It divided political parties in Canada The Liberal and Conservative parties broke up and were replaced with the conscription party (led by Borden) and anti- conscription party (led by Sir Wilfred Laurier) Laurier realized that passing conscription would divide the country and alienate French Canadians
Borden fixes the Election In order to ensure that he wins the election, Borden passed several laws 1. The War Measures Act: - passed early in the war, this Law takes away the basic rights of citizens - Borden used this Law to take away the Vote from immigrants from enemy countries 2. The Military Voters Act - This Law allowed soldiers who are overseas to Vote 3. The Wartime Elections Act - This Law allows women to vote for the First time - However, only women who have Fathers, Brothers or Sons in combat may vote
Aftermath Borden wins the election in every province except Quebec French men are specifically targeted for conscription Massive Riots in Quebec City and Montreal! Canada was divided just as Laurier feared
Key Points The Canadian Army was Shrinking and needed more men Sir Robert Borden wanted conscription English Canada supports conscription French Canada doesn’t Borden wins the 1917 election by using the War Measures Act, Military Voters Act and Wartime Elections Act Quebec Riots and has negative feelings towards English Canada that never go away!