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Chapter 17 Reconstruction and its Aftermath Pages 500-520.

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1 Chapter 17 Reconstruction and its Aftermath Pages

2 Reconstruction Plans pgs John Wilkes Booth Congress establishes Freedman’s Bureau to help African- Americans transition into freedom Congress establishes Freedman’s Bureau to help African- Americans transition into freedom Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth Andrew Johnson becomes President Andrew Johnson becomes President January 1865 – 13 th amendment passed freeing all slaves January 1865 – 13 th amendment passed freeing all slaves Confederate states rejoin the Union Confederate states rejoin the Union

3 Radicals in Control pgs First African-American Vote 1865/1866 southern states pass Black Codes (laws aimed at controlling freed slaves) 1865/1866 southern states pass Black Codes (laws aimed at controlling freed slaves) 14 th Amendment – granted citizenship to all people born in the U.S. (June 1866) 14 th Amendment – granted citizenship to all people born in the U.S. (June 1866) 15th Amendment – granted all “men” the right to vote (February 1869) 15th Amendment – granted all “men” the right to vote (February 1869) Reconstruction Act of put southern states under military command until new governments could be formed Reconstruction Act of put southern states under military command until new governments could be formed

4 The South during Reconstruction pgs Non-slaveholding farmers in the south who were opposed to secession were called scalawags (scoundrel or worthless rascal) Non-slaveholding farmers in the south who were opposed to secession were called scalawags (scoundrel or worthless rascal) Violence toward African Americans increased – first see the Ku Klux Klan in 1866 Violence toward African Americans increased – first see the Ku Klux Klan in 1866 Governments began creating integrated schools. Governments began creating integrated schools.

5 Changes in the South pgs Segregation being practiced (Jim Crowe Laws) Segregation being practiced (Jim Crowe Laws) Voting Restrictions in the South Voting Restrictions in the South –Poll taxes – fee to be paid before one could vote –Literacy tests – voters had to read difficult parts of the Constitution –Grandfather clause- if father or grandfather voted so could you

6 Summary Task List 4 negative effects of Reconstruction in the South: List 4 negative effects of Reconstruction in the South:


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