Presentation on theme: "The years after the Civil War 1865-1877 Reconstruction."— Presentation transcript:
The years after the Civil War Reconstruction
Reconstruction: The process of reuniting the nation and rebuilding the southern states in the absence of slavery ( ).
1.What problems might a newly emancipated slave encounter?
The following slides are ways in which the FEDERAL government attempted to incorporate a free black population into the United States.
Amendments to the Constitution 13 th Amendment: Made slavery illegal throughout the United States (January 1865). 14 th Amendment: Guaranteed citizenship and equal protection under the law to all people born or naturalized within the United States (except American Indians) (1866). 15 th Amendment: Gave African American men the right to vote in the United States (1870).
Reconstruction Acts of 1867 Divided the South into five districts that were controlled by military commanders Southerners had to create new constitutions that supported the 14 th Amendment States had to give African Americans the right to vote (later the 15 th Amendment)
Freedmen’s Bureau A federal agency established after the war to help blacks make the transition from slavery to freedom Distributed food Provided education and legal help to newly freed people Sharecropping plan: black families would rent small plots of land in return for a portion of their crop, to be given to the landowner at the end of each year. “40 acres and a mule”
2. How did the Federal Government attempt to aid Reconstruction in the south? Give specific examples.
Helped a Newly Freed Population Carpetbaggers – Northern born Republicans that came to help the South during Reconstruction Radical Republicans – Strong members of the Republican Party who opposed slavery Thaddeus Stevens – Radical Republican that wanted equal rights and the vote for African Americans Scalawags – Southern Republicans
President Andrew Johnson – Democrat who vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and did not support the 14 th Amendment Black Codes – Laws that limit the civil rights of African Americans Ku Klux Klan – created in 1866, opposed African American civil rights. Used violence and terror to support their cause Challenges to Reconstruction
Challenges Continued Poll tax – pay to vote Literacy test – pass to vote Grandfather clause – if your father or grandfather could vote before 1867, you don’t need to pay or pass a literacy test to vote. Jim Crow Laws – laws that enforced segregation Plessy v. Ferguson – court case that ruled separate but equal facilities were legal (segregation is legal)
3.Was Reconstruction successful? Explain.
Black Codes 15 th AmendmentReconstruction Freedman’s Bureau President Andrew Johnson Radical Republicans Thaddeus Stevens Ku Klux KlanCivil Rights ActPresident Ulysses S. Grant Scalawags Poll Tax Grandfather clause14 th AmendmentCarpetbaggers 13 th Amendment Jim Crow Plessy v. Ferguson Federal GovernmentDemocrats Acrostic Poem
V ery important in a democracy O pen to all U.S. citizens T rouble for blacks to cast their ballot even after the 15 th amendment E lections of state and national governments