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Reconstruction Chapter 4, section 4. Definition Period of time when U.S. began to rebuild after the Civil War 1865-1877.

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Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction Chapter 4, section 4. Definition Period of time when U.S. began to rebuild after the Civil War 1865-1877."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reconstruction Chapter 4, section 4

2 Definition Period of time when U.S. began to rebuild after the Civil War 1865-1877

3 Lincoln’s plan As soon as 10% of the people who had voted in 1860 took an oath of allegiance to the federal gov’t, that state could be readmitted Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Virginia were readmitted under this plan

4 Lincoln’s plan con’t Radical Republicans didn’t like it They wanted African Americans to be given full citizenship and the right to vote

5 Johnson’s plan About the same as Lincoln’s He excluded high-ranking Confederates and wealthy landowners from taking the oath The other 7 states quickly agreed

6 Congress Refused to readmit those states Enlarged the Freedmen’s Bureau (which provided food, clothing, hospitals, legal protection and education for former slaves and poor whites) Passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 – gave African Americans citizenship and forbid states from passing discriminatory laws Both were vetoed by Johnson

7 Congress con’t 14 th Amendment – said anyone born in the U.S. was a citizen and states can’t deny them rights

8 Congress con’t Reconstruction Act of 1867 – didn’t recognize states readmitted under Lincoln and Johnson’s plans States had to give African Americans the right to vote and ratify the 14th Amendment *Impeached Johnson (but found not guilty)

9 Grant Was elected in 1868 9 out of 10 African Americans had voted for him During his presidency the 15 th Amendment was passed – said no one could be kept from voting based on race

10 Reconstructing society All states were readmitted by 1870 Republicans continued Reconstruction because they wanted to make economic changes

11 3 conflicting groups Scalawags – white Southerners – usually small farmers Carpetbaggers – Northerners who moved south African Americans – many couldn’t read or write

12 Things to note Many African Americans received support from churches Because 95% of former slaves were illiterate, public schools were established Sherman had promised 40 acres and a mule, but most former slaves didn’t get it

13 Black Codes Were laws that limited the freedom of black people Examples African Americans had to sign work contracts which created conditions similar to slavery If black people couldn’t prove they had a job they could be arrested and forced to work 1 year without pay Black people weren’t allowed to own guns Black people couldn’t rent property in cities

14 Voting restrictions Poll tax – special tax people had to pay in order to vote Grandfather clause – if a voter couldn’t afford the tax, they could vote anyway if his father or grandfather could vote before 1867 Literacy test – Had harder questions for black people than white (sometimes it wasn’t even in English)

15 Jim Crow laws Required segregation between blacks and whites

16 Plessy v. Ferguson Segregation was allowed if “separate- but-equal” facilities were provided for African Americans

17 Ku Klux Klan Goals – destroy the Republican party; aid the planter class; prevent African Americans from exercising their political rights Methods – killed 20,000 men, women, and children

18 The End It had been 11 years since the war ended Economic depression in the North Election of 1876 o Tilden won the popular vote but was 1 electoral vote short o People in the South accepted Hayes if Reconstruction ended


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