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Livelihood Security of Rural Poor in Disadvantaged Chitradurga District of Karnataka through Integrated Farming System Dr. HS SHIVARAMU, CPI University.

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Presentation on theme: "Livelihood Security of Rural Poor in Disadvantaged Chitradurga District of Karnataka through Integrated Farming System Dr. HS SHIVARAMU, CPI University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Livelihood Security of Rural Poor in Disadvantaged Chitradurga District of Karnataka through Integrated Farming System Dr. HS SHIVARAMU, CPI University of Agricultural Sciences GKVK, Bangalore Progress Report Annual Workshop 15 th and 16 th March 2013 WWW. livelihoodifsuasb.org

2 Sub project Title :Livelihood Security of Rural Poor in Disadvantaged Chitradurga District of Karnataka through Integrated Farming System Consortium Partners 1.University of Agricultural Science, Bangalore 2. National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology (ICAR), Bangalore 3. MYRADA (NGO), Chitradurga, 4.NISARGA (NGO) Chitradurga. OBJECTIVES  Identification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capital (IFS and IGA)  Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovations (PPP and market linkage)  Capacity building for Human Resource Development at different levels and Social Capital formation through local organizations (HRD) Budget Revised Budget: Rs lakhs; Date of Sanction: 6 th April Period: June 2009 to March 2012, Extension : April 2012 to March 2014: Date of termination March, 2014 Budget for the current year ( ) : lakhs Expenditure: lakhs NAIP UASB2 PROJECT DETAILS

3 CropCritical gapsInterventions Potential targets(q/Acre) Results (Achieved) % Increase in the yield from Average * Groundnut Mono cropping (40 % of NCA) (Low productivity ( q/Acre) Pest menace: leaf minot & root grub (60% loss in the Production) : Avg :3 q/acre* Improved variety: GPDB-4, ICGV91114 and TMV-2with INM and IPDM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures Sunflower Low productivity (2 q/Acre) Disease and pest problems, bud necrosis, powdery mildew & BHC (50% loss) : Avg :2 q/acre* Improved variety: KBSH53 and 43 and INM and IPDM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building. along with soil and water conservation measures Maize Mono cropping low productivity (8 q/Acre) Zinc Deficiency, Stem & cob borer and Downy- mildew and Blight. (50% loss) Avg :8 q/acre* Improved variety: Nithyashree and Hema with INM and IPDM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building. along with soil and water conservation measures Onion Low productivity (80 q/Acre) Pest menace – purple Blotch, Storage rot, non availability of seeds of Required variety (40% loss) Avg :80 q/acre* Improved variety: Arka kalyan with INM and IPDM practices, (Trap crops: Chilli and Coriander) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures Border trap crops : Jowar/Horse gram Ragi Low productivity ( Ragi 5-6 q/Acre) an d grown in marginal lands (25 to 30 % loss) Avg : 5.5 q/acre* Improved variety: GPU_28 and GPU-48 with INM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures Chickpea Low productivity (2 to 3 q/ac), wilt and pod borer (40 to 50% loss) Avg : 2.5 q/acre* Improved variety: JG-11 with INM and IPDM practices and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures Pigeon Pea Low productivity (2 to 3 q/ac), wilt and pod borer (40 to 50% loss) Avg : 2.5 q/acre* Improved variety: BRG-2 with INM and IPDM practices and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures Jowar Low productivity(5 q/ac), Drought, Grown in marginal lands Lack of nutrition (25 to 30 % loss) Avg : 5 q/acre* Improved variety: BRG-2 with INM, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures Livestock Low productivity, infertility, feed and fodder shortage & prevalence of diseases : Avg: 2 litre/animal/day* kg body weight : small ruminants Health care: Deworming and Vaccinations (PPR and FMD) Nutrition care with Balance feed,Azolla along with Mineral concentrates Breed improvement: New breeds and Artificial insemination * Dairy: Income from two cows per household. Before intervention: 204 lit milk / cow/year, after intervention: 336 litre milk /cow/annum ** Sheep: before intervention 10kg meat / sheep/year, after intervention: 12.5 kg meat / sheep/year ***Goat: before intervention 9 kg meat / goat/year, after intervention: 11 kg meat / goat/year CRITICAL GAPS AND INTERVENTIONS

4 CropNumber of HHTotal area, ha Initial yield, t/ha Improved yield, t/ha Total Production(t Enhanced income/ha/year, (Rs) Ragi-GPU Maize-Nityashree and Hema Pigeon Pea-BRG Green gram-China moong ,000 Groundnut-ICGV ,TMV Sunflower KBSH Vegetables Onion-Arka kalyan Livestock UnitNumber of HH Total Number of livestock provided Average Numbers /HH Income /unit / annum (Rs) Income/HH (Rs/annum ) - Dairy (local cows and buffaloes) ,6927,728 - Sheep ,6001,13,250 - Goat ,76029,040 - INTERVENTIONS DURING

5 Status of Funds Released, Utilized and % utilization Sanctioned budget, Rs lakhs Funds Released (Rs In Lakhs) Funds Utilized (Rs In Lakhs) Funds Released (Rs In Lakhs) Funds Utilized (Rs In Lakhs) Cumulative UASB (Lead Centre) MYRADA NISARGA NAIN&P Total (77%) (94.75)

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7 IMPACT OF AGRO TECHNOLOGIES ON AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF ONION

8 PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT THROUGH IMPROVED PRACTICES IN ONION (MEAN OF 3 YEARS WITH A SAMPLE SIZE OF 30 FARMERS) Technology Product ivity (t/ha) % increase in the productiv ity with INM/IPD M Addition al cost (Rs.) Addition al returns (Rs./ha) Total Area covere d (ha) Net addition al benefits( ha) Incremental returns to additional cost ratio Local variety without INM/IPDM Local variety with INM/IPDM % Improved practice with Cv. Arka Kalyan, INM and IPDM % Introduction of new variety (Arka Kalyan) in conjunction with INM and IPDM proved technically feasible and economically viable. Apart from enhancement in productivity ( %) and income ( %), it also generated an additional employment of 30 man days per ha

9 Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of INM, IPDM on improved variety of Onion (Arka Kalyan) over Local variety (Satara red) (Rs/hectare) Improved variety with INM and IPDM Local Variety without INM and IPDM Total cost of cultivation ( A) =Rs Total cost of cultivation( C) =Rs Additional cost involved for improved variety with INM and IPDM practices (X)=A-C= Rs Gross return( B) =Rs Gross return ( D)=Rs Additional gross return obtained due to Improved variety with INM and IPDM practices (Y)=B-D=Rs Net return (E)=B-A=Rs Net return( F)=D-C =Rs Net gain(E-F) or (Y-X) =Rs

10 Sl.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side 1 Additional cost: Involved in adopting INM, IPDM in cultivating Arka Kalyan onion (due to use of micronutrients : gypsum, boron, ZnSO4, Pesticides: Capton, Bavistin, Chloropyriphos etc..) = Rs Reduced cost : Savings in the use of fungicides i.e. cost two Mancozeb sprays including PPC and labor charges, due to use of Arka Kalyan variety which is resistant to Purple Blotch disease) =Rs Reduced returns : 0Additional return : Due to Arka Kalyan and use of INM + IPDM Rs Total additional Cost =Rs. 7151Total additional gains =Rs Net Gain : Rs – Rs =Rs Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of INM, IPDM by using improved variety of Onion (Arka Kalyan) in place of Local variety (Satara red) (Rs/hectare) Over all benefit from the Project =Rs.69839*100ha*3years = Rs.2.09 crores

11 Ornamental Fishery – Impacting the farm women as Profitable IGA

12 ECONOMICS ORNAMENTAL FISHERY PER ANNUM (Rs.) (For 2 cement tanks storing 500 litres of water each for rearing (around 1320) fish fingerlings per year) Sl.NoParticularsCost (Rs.)Remarks IFixed cost of 2 cement tanks Depreciation cost (for 2Tanks) 400 Calculated for Rs.2500 for two tanks Rs.1250/ tank) with a junk value of end of 5 years, assumed as lifespan of the tank Depreciation Cost (Oxygen cylinder) 475 Calculated for Rs.10000, which is the cost of 1 Oxygen cylinder Rs 10000/ tank) with junk value of end of 20 years, lifespan of the Oxygen cylinder Mosquito net Mosquito Fish net fish net Ornamental plants 50 - Interest on fixed 12% 1518 Interest on fixed cost is Rs.1518 (Fixed cost:12650) IIOperational cost Worked out considering the requirement of 165 fries/fingerlings ready for marketable size in every 3 months (165*4 times in year*2tanks) Feed Cost 383 *2 tanks: A total of Kg of feed is required and the feed cost is Rs.35/kg Water used 100 With initial water stock of 100litres and 1000 liters of eater for top up. Rs.50/1000 liters of water : A total of 2000 liters of water is required Labor 2880 Procuring inputs, watch and ward, maintenance and marketing: Rs.120/ Women day : A total of 24 labors are required Miscellaneous cost : Cow dung, packing material, Oxygen and Transportation etc. 500 Includes: Cow dung, packing material, Oxygen and Transportation etc. 6 inch bowl 4620 Rs.55/6 inch bowl : A total of 84 bowls 8 inch bowl 980 Rs.70/8 inch bowl : A total of 14 bowls Ornamental plant 196 Rs.2/per set of ornamental plants/bowl Management cost 1045 Interest on working 12% 1254 The returns earned if the operational cost is otherwise kept in the bank IIITotal cost The total of fixed and operational costs. This excludes the total cost of 2 tanks and 1 oxygen cylinder, since their depreciation value was considered IVGross return total returns obtained by selling fish directly (898) and trough value addition i.e. a set of Bowl, fishes and Ornamental plants (96) Direct Selling 7184 : A total of 898 fish is sold directly 6 inch bowl A total of around 84 fish bowl(6’’) sets were sold by each SHG member on an average in a year : per set of bowl along with 2 fish and a ornamental plants 8 inch bowl 2450 A total of around 12 fish bowl(8’’) sets were sold by each SHG member on an average in a year : per set of bowl along with 4 fish and a ornamental plants Selling of fingerlings 4500 A total of 7500 fries/fingerlings were produced by live bearers in a the rate of Rp.0.6*7500 VNet Returns VIBenefit Cost ratio Over all benefit from the Project =Rs.10236*70*3= Rs. 21,49,560 (21.50 lakhs)

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14 Comments of Director General, ICAR, New Delhi during his visit to NAIP Hiriyur cluster on 21 st Feb 2012.

15 ECONOMICS OF ARECA LEAF PLATE MAKING ENTERPRISE (RS/ ANNUM) (5 Machines with the capacity to produce 2400 leaf plates per day) Sl.NoParticularsCost (Rs.)Remarks IFixed cost Depreciation18667 Calculated for Rs.3 lakhs, which is the cost of 5 machines Rs 60000/ machine) with junk value of of 15 years, lifespan of the machine Interest on investment Total of fixed cost IIOperational cost--- Building rent Rs.2500/month) Cost of raw material (Areca leaf sheath)including transportation sheath) A total of 4,32,000 leaf sheath s was processed per annum Electricity charges (Rs.5000/month) Calculated considering the electricity consumption cost of Rs.1000/machine/month Maintenance cost (Rs.2500/month) Calculated considering the cost of Labour Rs.120/Day/labour) 5 labours per day summing up to 1800 labour days Miscellaneous cost Gunny/plastic bags and tying materials Management cost(10 % of total operational cost) Interest on operational The returns earned if the operational cost is otherwise kept in the bank Total of operational cost IIIReturns--- Gross return from the production of Leaf plates ) The total number of leaf plates produced per annum was 8,64,000 IVTotal cost VNet returns VIBenefit cost ratio 2.2

16 IMPACT OF ANIMAL NUTRITION AND HEALTH CARE ON MILK YIELD CATTLES AND BODY WEIGHT OF SHEEP AND GOAT: INCOME

17 S.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side 1 Additional cost: Rs. 905 For purchasing silpaulin sheet, mesh, single super phosphate, dung, Soil, Azolla culture and labour (4 woman days) charges for 6 x 4 feet size Azolla pond Reduced cost : Rs. 240 Due to the savings in the usage of concentrates in the lactation period 2 Reduced returns : 0 Additional returns : Due to extra milk yield and lactation period by feeding Azolla - Rs. 3,036 Total Rs. 905 Rs. 3,276 Net Gain : B-A = Rs – 905 = Rs. 2,371 Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of using Azolla as feed supplement for LOCAL cows and buffaloes (Rs/animal/annum)

18 S.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side 1 Additional cost: Rs. 4,975 For purchasing mineral mixture, grains & chaff cutter. Health Care: vaccination and deworming and labour charges Reduced cost : Rs.5,700 1.Due to reduced inter-calving period (Rs.2,500) 2. Saving of fodder wastage kg- by chaffing (Rs.3,200) 2 Reduced returns : 0Additional returns : Rs. 16, Due to extra milk yield of 2 lit/day for 285 days, and 7.5 lit/day for 15 days of additional lactation period with better management (Rs. 15,698) 2. Extra value of well maintained cow (Rs. 1,000) Tota l Rs. 4,975 Rs. 22,398 Net Gain : B-A = Rs. 22,398 – 4,975 = Rs. 17,423 Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of using balanced feed,mineral mixture and health care for CROSSBRED COWS (Rs/animal) - Mean of 2 years’ study

19 S.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side 1 Additional cost per sheep: Rs.310 (Feed: Mineral mixture + concentrates:Rs.90, Health care: Rs.90 (Deworming twice a year & once a year Vaccination) and Miscellaneous cost : Rs.130) Per Flock: 12,400 Reduced cost : 4,200 Due to reduced mortality (by 5 %, resulting in 3 extra lambs) 2 Reduced returns : 0 Additional returns : 1.From extra meat production of 2.5 Kg per sheep: Rs Extra value of existing flock of sheep: Rs. 19,200 Additional returns per flock: 31,950 Total 12,40036,150 Net Gain per flock /year : B-A = Rs. 23,750 Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of improved sheep farming with mineral mixture, top feeds and health care (Rs./ flock size of 40 /annum) - Mean of 2 years’ study

20 Recommended livelihood model ModelSuitability target Total number of Household covered Total area covered, ha Net return per ha per year(Rs.) per household Model 1: One Ha IFS Model Fig: One Hectare IFS Model (UAS, Bangalore)

21 The basic Principles behind this successful proven model/system are: Conserving as much rainwater in situ as possible (through bunding and contour cultivation) Harvesting and storing surplus as much runoff water as possible in the farm pond and making best use of the same. Bringing as much vegetative cover as possible in each and every piece and parcel of one ha with food crops, fodder crops, fibre crops, fuel crops, green manure crops, flowers, vegetables, fruits and forest trees of valuable timber

22 a) Crops and cropping systemsYield Cost of Production (Rs.) Gross Returns (Rs.) Net Profit (Rs.) 1. Finger millet (grain) + straw1200kg kg Redgram200kg Dolichus/ horsegram (grain / hey)30+30kg Vegetable crops: Brinjal/ tomato/ cluster bean/ ladies finger/drumstick / dry chilly/ Flowers : Chrysanthemum/ Crosssandra/ marry gold/ jasmine 280kg + 30 kgs +20kg + 75 bundles +27kg 80 kg+15 kg+ 15kg+2kg =11160 Sub total b ) Alternate landuse system/ Agroforestry 5. Tree lopping 2.25 tons Biomass (Glyricidea / Weeds) 3.25 tons Grass / (Green) 25.0 tons c)Livestock components 8. Poultry birds (5+1) 21 kg Rabbits(5+1) 10 nos Sheep(5+1) 4 lamb Cows (2 ) 5500 ltrs milk30, Fisheries 100 nos (60 kg) Compost / vermicompost 7 ton-- Sub total Total (a+b+c) B:C ratio 3.67 Employment generation 440 mandays Economics of one ha IFS model ( mean of 5 years)

23 Plan of work and specific targets for ActivitiesTargets Expected Results Improved cropping system: Multiple cropping system, INM and IPDM in Onion, Groundnut, Sunflower, Pigeon pea, Grain amaranths, Ragi, Maize, Castor and fodder 750ha Increase in the productivity crops and animals To increase the diversification of crop enterprises To increase the Employment To increase the net income (Crop, Animal husbandry and IGA activities) Perennial crops act as drought proofing measures To protect the environment Social framework: SHG, JLG’s, Commodity groups etc. Agri –Horticulture (Perennials): 250 HH Agri –Forestry (Perennials): 250 HH Ornamental fishery 25 HH Veterinary care 375 HH Animal nutrition IGA 21 HH Strengthening of bunds(Ha) 40ha Synergy linkage with development department Strengthening of SHG’s,JLGs and Linking them to bank and formation of commodity grower associations and providing them with market Linkage.

24 Sub-Project Leader and Partners Name of personnelHonour/Award NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore Smt. Nagaveni, Vaddikere village, Hiriyur cluster Awarded as best young farm women during Krishi Mela held at GKVK, Bangalore on for the year NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore. Vaddikere village, Hiriyur cluster. NAIP Vaddikere cluster received the best Village Development programme (VDP) by NABARD for the year NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore Smt. Nagaveni, Vaddikere village, Hiriyur cluster Smt. Nagaveni W/O Lokanath had received District level best women Innovative farmer award for her outstanding achievement in IFS under NAIP during The award was handed over by His Excellency Hansraj Bhardwaj, Governor of Karnataka along with Dr. K.Narayana Gowda, Vice Chancellor, UAS, Bangalore on” Progressive Farmers Mela” on at UAS, Bangalore. NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore Sri, Shivakumar S/O Thippesiddappa, Vaddikere village, Hiriyur cluster Shivakumar S/O Thippesiddappa, Vaddikere had received the innovative young farmer award at Taluka level for the Year for the outstanding achievement in IFS model being implemented by NAIP at Vaddikere. The award was given by UAS, GKVK, Bangalore on NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore Mrs. Y K Jyothi W/O Satyanarayanagowda, Vaddikere Woman SHG farmer of NAIP Mrs. Y K Jyothi W/O Satyanarayanagowda, Vaddikere participated in National Conference on “Community based approaches for inclusive growth” in Hyderabad from to organized by Enable-Vibrant SHG Movement in India. NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore Dr.H S Shivaramu CPI, NAIP-III Project UASB Dr.H.S.Shivaramu CPI, NAIP received the state award Smt.Nagamma Dattatreya Rao Desai award by UAS, Bangalore for his outstanding research for the year on 5th October HONOURS AND AWARDS

25 LESSONS LEARNT Recurrence of drought necessitated drought proofing measures rather than promotion of crop based improved cultivation practices. Weather based crop insurance becomes necessity to cope against the drought Soil and water conservation work undertaken was well appreciated by the farming community due its visible benefits Constant monitoring biogas unit, and continues supply of cow dung are the prerequisites for promotion of biogas and vermicomposting Farmers were unaware of the response to micro nutrients viz, Calcium, Sulphur,Zinc, Boron. The project shown the response through demonstration. The horizontal spread off improved Onion production technologies was determined by market fluctuations. Farmer’s awareness on intercropping raised additional income. The project could not shows the impact of processing and value addition to field crops due to frequent power cuts and difficulty in obtaining the license and mobilizing the deposits Power cuts have hampered the use of processing machineries for processing and value addition Subsidy can enhance Drip irrigation for closed spaced crops (veggies) unlike broad spaced crops due to high initial investment Market linkages forms a crucial link for promotion of enterprises (Milk route with KMF, Ornamental fishery with KFDC and Local private aquarium shops) Formation of Commodity grower associations will strengthen the backward and forward integration and which empowers the farmers in bargaining power, technical know how through inviting expertise and exposure visits and training programmes and increased resource efficiency

26 Name of the Cluster Total Nos. of SHGs/CBO’s/JLG’s Total Nos. of SHG Federations/ VDP/ Dairy Total Numbe r of NAIP Commit tee Total Numbe r of families targete d Total Numbe r of families covere d- Before NAIP After NAIP Total Before NAIP After NAIP Total Sanikere M.D.Kote Hosadurga Total SHG PROMOTION AND CBO FORMATION Note: There are 121 SHG’s, 3 Youth groups, 3 JLG’S, one Raithkoota/farmer club and Children club

27 Name of the Cluster Total No. of SHGs and other CBO’s Total Savings Total No. of loans Total loan amount Remarks M.D.Kote 5531,67, ,95,471 All the promoted SHGs are functioning. Meeting on weekly basis. Regularly they are saving and lending among them for micro entrepreneurial activities like, petty business, sheep/goat rearing, weaving, motor rewinding, flower business, vegetable vending, areca nut business, flour mill, dairy & agri purposes which are supporting to enhance their livelihood options. On average each family has taken 2-3 times loan to the tune of Rs.5-10 thousand. The utilization and repayment is online where as banks also extending loan facilities to these families through the respective SHGs. Sanikere 4416,65, ,11,300 Hosadurga3015,56, ,55,000 Total12963,88, ,61,61,771 SHG Financial & internal Loan Details for livelihood Enhancement of the Members

28 Sl No.Name of the IGAs/Livelihood Activities M.D.Kote Cluster Total Loan Amount given from SHGs Sanikere Cluster Total Loan Amount given from SHGs Hosadurga Cluster Total Loan Amount given from SHGs 1Sheep/Goat19511,73, ,62, ,5000 2Milch Animals25012,56, ,15, ,00,000 3Petty business (Petty shop, vegetable vending, flower vending, coin booth) 1058,12,000201,47, ,50,000 4Agriculture62523,73, ,49, ,75,000 5Consumption5518,80, ,38, ,45,000 TOTAL ,11, ,55,000 Rema rks Particularly Landless, marginal and small farmers livelihood enhanced due to the SHGs credit support. each family in SHG are access to credit facilities as and when required to improve their existing livelihood activities and the new IGAs they have initiated. An average each families net earning is ranging from Rs.2500 to 3000 Note : A total of Rs.1,68,62,373 of internal loan is distributed among SHG’s

29 INSTITUTEACTIVITY MOBILIZED FUND (LAKHS) NABARDIGA activity for SHG34.00 NAIP & NABARD, SHG Bank Linkage for credit : PG Bank, Canara Bank, Syndicate Bank and Sangamitra micro finance NABARDLivelihood activities /soil and water conservation : 560 families41.00 Forestry Greenery programme :560 households:39600plants4.10 Horticulture : 107 households2.14 Farm pond:10 Numbers1.70 Waste weir :393 Numbers3.55 SHG Training :44 Numbers1.98 Vermicomposting :32 Numbers1.10 Azolla:37 Numbers0.37 Animal health camp: 9 camps1.20 SHG Book Keeping Training :85 Numbers1.07 Trashing Yard : 10.6 B.T. Cotton Demo :17 Household0.17 Smokeless chulas:20 Numbers0.20 Light for education school children :30 Numbers1.00 SYNERGIES FROM DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENTS AND INSTITUTIONS

30 INSTITUTEACTIVITY MOBILIZED FUND (LAKHS) NABARDTraining and exposure visits :4 members0.90 Library for school children :100 Numbers0.05 HIV/AIDS Awareness / Health Camp:3 camps0.47 KVTSDC/EU/RUDSETISkill Development Training :90 members2.40 GP/RUDSETI/MYRADA:EAP550 SHG members0.45 European union/ MYRADA50 members0.50 Jala Samvardhan ( JSY)SHG members:50 members2.50 Tank Rejuvenation : Demonstration / Field Farmers School (FFS)0.15 Bangalore – GarmentEmployment : 6 numbers0.00 Franciscan Sisters of Mary, HosadurgaRevolving fund to SHG:20.60 GRAMA NGOHIV/AIDS awareness/STI check up camp : GPTSP Sanitary Toilet Construction : BIRLAInsurance (Life Insurance):218 number2.18 SELCOSolar Home Lights : 8 members0.45 Selco, SDMCLight for education : 20 members1.00 Shankar NethralayaEye Camp :180 Checking & 52 – Operation0.35

31 INSTITUTEACTIVITY MOBILIZED FUND (LAKHS) Development departments Fishery DepartmentOrnamental Fishery and fingerlings rearing for 3 SHG0.84 Horticulture Dept.& BankPomegranate cultivation : 25 numbers75.00 Horticulture Dept.Drip Irrigation : 125 numbers14.80 Forest Dept Forestry/Greenery Programme : Agricultural DepartmentSprayer : ICICI & GovtWeather Insurance: Agriculture department Soil testing and Micronutrients :29 - Sericulture department Soil testing and Micronutrients:29 - Total 338

32 IFS is a Sustainable mixed farming system that consists of at least two separate but logically interdependent parts of a crop/ tree and livestock enterprises ( animal/fish/ birds) where in the output of one should be the input for another enterprises or the bi-product of one will be the food/feed/fodder for another enterprise ultimately satisfying most of his domestic needs, besides giving economic returns.

33 OBJECTIVEACTIVITY Targets (ha/no’s ) Achievements (ha/ no’s) Identification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capital Improved cropping system: Multiple cropping system, INM and IPDM in Groundnut, Sunflower, Pigeon pea, Grain amaranthus, Ragi, Maize, Castor and fodder crops Horticulture and Commercial crops/Vegetable: INM and IPDM in Onion (Arka kalyan and Satara red). 350 Agri –Horticulture (Perennials): Mango, Sapota, Lemon, Jackfruit and Tamarind WDF(NABARD): Mango and Sapota 3900 Agro-forestry : Melia dubia, Simarouba glauca Sesbania grandiflora and Gyricidia WDF(NABARD) : forestry plants -Teak, Silver oak, Pongemia and Sesbania grandiflora 40,000 Fodder crops:Melia dubia,Sesbania,Hybrid Napier and Gliricidia(households) 124 IGA: Petty shop, Fruit vending, Tailoring, pottery, Masala powder marketing, areca leaf plate making 22 Ornamental fishery: Fish Fingerlings distributed to the farmers Veterinary Health, Animal nutrition and Reproductive care: 3 Health and Nutritional camps including synergy from development departments Deworming 7800 FMD Vaccination 3800 PPR vaccination 7500 Animal nutrition (beneficiaries/Household)200 Objective wise promised deliverables – OBJECTIVE WISE ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE YEAR

34 OBJECTIVEACTIVITY Targets (ha/no’s ) Achievements (ha/ no’s) Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovations Ornamental fish market linkage: Linked to KFDC (Karnataka Fiheries Development corporation) and Private aquarium shops Tatwamasi Netway Aquarium, Hiriyur, Inchara Aquarium, Hosadurga). Ornamental fish growers association ( Tulasi alankaarika meenugaarar sangha) Onion growers association Milk market linkage : KMF, Shimoga -3 Trainings have organized to form commodity growers association for groundnut, cotton and redgram -2 Capacity building for Human resource development at different levels and Social capital formation through local organizations. Trainings organized Total Number of trainings No. of participants Organic farming: Improved practices in cotton cultivation : INM and IPDM in Onion: Income Generating activities: Raising of ornamental fish culture and Tank fisheries : Importance of seed treatment, INM and IPDM in Groundnut, cotton, onion, maize and other crops: Planting of horticultural crops and their management: 2, Planting of horticultural crops and their management:

35 OBJECTIVE Trainings organized Number of trainings No. of participants Capacity building for Human resource development at different levels and Social capital formation through local organizations. Method demonstration of horticultural crops like Mango, sapota,Tamaring,lemon, jack and Hebbevu : 9, Raising of ornamental fish culture and Tank fisheries : Method demonstration cum training programme on planting of horticultural and forest crops and their management: 10.16, Management of sustainable fund for SHG and also how to reduce the conflict between SHG groups. 240 Heath camp (Myrada) Marketing of ornamental fishes and Cultivation aspects of Simarouba and Jackfruit Registration of Ornamental fish grower association Usefulness of medicinal plants Balanced feed preparation (dairy animal) and Prerequisites for maintenance of quality milk and Yield (other than the project Area by NAIN&P) and distributed the Gliricidia Cuttings to the same farmers(5 each) 125 Formation of commodity grower association and its advantages : Management of pest and disease management and cultivation aspects of pomegranate:

36 Mandate/Objectives of the project Achievements made during the Salient results Identification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capital Improved cropping system: Multiple cropping system, INM and IPDM in Ground nut- TMV2, Ragi- GPU28, Cotton-Stephlon, Maize-Hema, Sunflower- KBSH43, Redgram- BRG2, Navane PS-4 and Grain Amaranths (Suvrna) etc, Castor (DCS_9 and 48-1 and fodder crops have taken up in 689 ha Increase in the productivity level, Employment and Stability of the income Horticulture and commercial crops/vegetable: INM and IPDM in onion (Arka Kalyan and Satara Red). Taken up in 350 ha INM and IPDM in Onion proved technically feasible and economically viable. Apart from enhancement in productivity ( % i.e. from 18 tons to 27.5 tons) and income ( % i.e. from 22 to 27.5 tons), it also generated an additional employment of 30 man days per ha Over all benefit from the Project =Rs.69839*100ha*3years = Rs.2.09 crores Agri –Horticulture (Perennials): Mango, sapota, Lemon, Jackfruit and Tamarind planted and agro- forestry and fodder crops : Melia dubia, Simarouba glauca Sesbania grandiflora, Hybrid Napier and Gyricidia : planted plants Accordingly planted (perennials) various horticultural and forestry plants in the main field and as well as along the bunds plants against as drought proofing measures and meet the fodder requirement in the summer and to conserve soil and water. Objective wise activities performed along with salient results

37 Achievements made during the Salient results Veterinary care-Animal health improvement: Veterinary health and reproductive care (deworming, FMD vaccination and PPR vaccination and pest management: ticks) is provided to 7500 no’s dairy, non-descriptive animals and small ruminants (Sheep and Goat). Led to improvement in the productivity of animal interms of increase in the milk yield and weight gain in the case of small ruminants and reduced mortality among the animals Animal nutrition intervention: Nutritional intervention achieved through the feeding of proper balance feed : local available crop residues along with Sesbania, Napier grass, Melia dubia, mineral mixture and azolla : 200 Households Benefitted It was observed that the milk yield has doubled (2 liters per day to 4 liters per day) by feeding both azolla and mineral mixture together with the normal feed among the dairy animals and body weight gain in small ruminants. Income generating activities: Ornamental fisheries & Tank fisheries: Presently there are 70 households growing ornamental individually and also in group. Individual farm families are getting an additional monthly income of Rs 850 per month by the sale of ornamental fish directly and with set of bowls. The overall estimated benefit to Ornamental fishery growers from 3 years to the tune of 21 lakhs. Arecanut slicing & chipping and areca leaf plate making unit: Economic analysis has been done for these IGA’s Areca leaf plate making unit :The net return per annum from areca leaf plate making unit is to the tune processing centre was to the tune of Rs 8.70 lakhs with benefit cost ratio of 2.2 assuming full capacity utilization of the machine and generating 1800 man days per year.

38 Mandate/Objectives of the project Achievements made during the Salient results Arecanut Slicing & chipping and Areca leaf plate making unit: The net returns per annum from processing raw areca nut into slices and chips was to the tune of Rs. 1, 73,083 and 1,25000 respectively with an overall the benefits cost ratio of 1.25 and 1.14 and Generates employment of 96 man days per year. Other income generating activities encouraged during : Sheep rearing, Tailoring, pottery,Petty shop, Fruit vending and Masala powder marketing, Development of appropriate public- private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovations 1.Ornamental fish market linkage: Linked to KFDC Karnataka Fiheries Development corporation) and Private aquarium shops Tatwamasi Netway Aquarium, Hiriyur, Inchara Aquarium, Hosadurga). Linkage with KAVIL (Kerala Aqua ventures ltd) for export of ornamental fish is in process Ornamental fish growers association (Tulasi alankaarika meenugaarar sangha) 3. Onion growers association 4. Milk market linkage : KMF, Shimoga Ornamental fisheries: Assured market promoting them to increase their production. Milk market linkage: Market linkage is there for Vaddikere cluster and in the similar line Milk co- operative societies will be formed and it is in the pipeline. Commodity grower associations (CGO) : Farmers have been trained and they have clear knowledge about the advantages of CGO. Formation of onion grower association is in the process

39 Mandate/Objectiv es of the project Achievements made during the Salient results Capacity building for human resource development at different levels and social capital formation through local organizations Trainings and Demonstration activities: Training on Improved cropping systems,INM and IPDM (Usage of funnel traps, bucket traps etc) in Onion and other crops viz Maize, Green gram, red gram, grain amaranths, organic farming, method demonstration of planting horticultural and forestry plants and their management, raising of ornamental fishery and how to form ornamental rearer’s association (procedures), onion and other crops growers association and its advantages, Balanced feed preparation (dairy animal) and prerequisites for maintenance of quality milk and yield and management of pest and disease management and cultivation aspects of pomegranate and synergy with development departments –to create awareness about the schemes in the development departments, 1.People have gained knowledge and confidence on growing of a particular crops profitability, selection of variety,,integrated nutrient management (INM) and integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) 2..Commodity growers associations: Realized how a commodity grower association will helps in backward and forward integration and importance of working together(risk is commonly shared 3. Farmers were gained knowledge about animal health care practices through deworming and Periodic vaccination and Nutritional requirement of the animals.

40 ParticularsActivitiesTargetsAchievements I. Identificatio n and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capital :UASB-Lead Centre Entry-level Activities (Installation of solar street lights (10) and home lights (15) in 3 clusters and provision of drinking water through bore well in one cluster. 25 Area under Improved cropping System(ha) : Improved cropping system: (Multiple cropping system + INM + IPDM +) Introduction of new varieties: [Groundnut, Red gram, Ragi,Navane, Green gram, Bengal gram, Grain amaranths, Sorghum, Sunflower, Safflower,, Castor Maize, Cotton, and fodder crops] Horticultural and commercial crops Area under Seed production in Onion, Redgram and Groundnut Demonstration of IFS model 60 Area under sericulture9015 Drip irrigation Simarouba glauca (Swayam Vaidya Sasya sanjivini medicinal plant)-2500 Agro –Horticulture (Perennials): Mango, Sapota, Lemon, Jackfruit and Tamarind WDF(NABARD): Mango and Sapota 3900 Agro-forestry (Perennials): Glyricidia, Simarouba glauca and Melia dubia : 75 Beneficiaries WDF(NABARD) : forestry plants -Teak, Silver oak, Pongemia and cassia species 40,000 Biogas (No. of households)27 Ornamental fishery (No. of households)5070 Farm pond culture (No. of households)8085 Distribution of soil health cards153 Objective wise Cumulative targets and achievements since inception

41 ParticularsActivitiesTargetsAchievements NGO’s (MYRADA &NISARGA)Soil and water conservation (Ha)750 Vermi compost(No.)75 Organic compost (No.)24 Check Dam repair11 NIANP and KVAFSUIAnimal Husbandry Veterinary Health and Reproductive care Dairy and non descript animals Small ruminants (deworming, vaccination) Poultry (baseline status birds -200) Animal nutrition and InterventionDairy (No.) Poultry (No.) Small ruminants (No.) Income generating activitiesVegetable vending (No.)15 Flower vending (No.)15 Woollen blanket knitting11 Arecanut Leaf plate making11 Arecanut slicing /Chipping Machine11 Petty Shop11 Tailoring11 Pottery11 Motor winding11

42 ParticularsActivitiesTargetsAchievements Sheep rearing-70 Multi crop Thresher11 Ragi Processing Unit11 Sheep rearing-70 II.Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovations Establish market linkages to improve producer share in consumer rupee. Agriculture information provision through Voice SMS’s by IFFCO, -150 Ornamental fish market linkage to : KFDC, Tumkur and Private agencies (Tatwamasi Netway, Hiriyur, Inchara aquarium, H durga Milk Market linkage for Sanikere,MD Kote and Hosadurga clusters :KMF Linking with credit and insurance>1500 House holds

43 ParticularsActivitiesTargetsAchievements NGO’s (MYRADA and NISARGA Formation of Self help group and involving them in income generating activities for initiating changes in the production system to improve efficiency III.Capacity building for human resource development at different levels and social capital formation through local organizations Sensitization, need based training programs Commodity grower associations for beneficiaries of different interventions and IGA activities Improved cropping system,INM and IPDM (Usage of Funnel traps, Bucket traps etc) in Ragi, Navane.Jowar, Red gram, Green gram, Maize, Onion, multiple cropping, IFS, Azolla, vermicomposting, Importance of fodder cultivation, balance feeding, demonstration of feed block preparation for dairy animals, Ornamental fishery, Agril-credit,( SHG bank linkages), Planting of horticultural crops and their management: Mango, Sapota, Tamarind, Jackfruit, Lemon, Melia dubia and Sesbania, Registration of commodity grower association, Synergy with development departments – to create awareness about the schemes in the development departments, SHG- thrift habits, value addition (products chutney powder, Ragi malt), canopy management of mango and fig.


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