Presentation on theme: "University of Agricultural Sciences"— Presentation transcript:
1University of Agricultural Sciences Annual Workshop15th and 16th March 2013Progress ReportLivelihood Security of Rural Poor in Disadvantaged Chitradurga District of Karnataka through Integrated Farming SystemDr. HS SHIVARAMU, CPIUniversity of Agricultural SciencesGKVK, BangaloreThe project on SRLS through IFS in Chitradurga is operational since 4 years. This is the 4th CAC meeting in series. The NAIP guidelines in general and the valuable advice of previous CAC , in particular formed the basis for implementation. Today the 4th CAC meeting is being called to discus the progress and seek advice forDr Bisalaiah the EX vice chancellor is our CAC chairman. On behalf of NAIP team and UASB, I welcome to this meeting and request to chair the meeting
2PROJECT DETAILSSub project Title :Livelihood Security of Rural Poor in Disadvantaged Chitradurga District of Karnataka through Integrated Farming SystemConsortium Partners1.University of Agricultural Science, Bangalore2. National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology (ICAR), Bangalore3. MYRADA (NGO), Chitradurga,4.NISARGA (NGO) Chitradurga.OBJECTIVESIdentification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capital (IFS and IGA)Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain toimprove market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovations (PPP andmarket linkage)Capacity building for Human Resource Development at different levels and Social Capital formationthrough local organizations (HRD)BudgetRevised Budget: Rs lakhs; Date of Sanction: 6th AprilPeriod: June 2009 to March 2012,Extension : April 2012 to March 2014: Date of termination March, 2014Budget for the current year ( ) : lakhs Expenditure: lakhsThe project is in operation since 2009, for the last 4 years. We could get 4 cropping seasons to implement the project with a budjet outlay of 351 lakhs. As on today we have spent 288 lakhs.NAIP UASB
3CRITICAL GAPS AND INTERVENTIONS % Increase in the yield from Average * CropCritical gapsInterventionsPotentialtargets(q/Acre)Results(Achieved)% Increase in the yield from Average *GroundnutMono cropping (40 % of NCA) (Low productivity ( q/Acre) Pest menace: leaf minot & root grub (60% loss in the Production) : Avg :3 q/acre*Improved variety: GPDB-4, ICGV91114 and TMV-2with INM and IPDM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures.6.254.550SunflowerLow productivity (2 q/Acre) Disease and pest problems, bud necrosis, powdery mildew & BHC (50% loss) : Avg :2 q/acre*Improved variety: KBSH53 and 43 and INM and IPDM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building. along with soil and water conservation measures.3.575MaizeMono cropping low productivity (8 q/Acre) Zinc Deficiency, Stem & cob borer and Downy- mildew and Blight. (50% loss) Avg :8 q/acre*Improved variety: Nithyashree and Hema with INM and IPDM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building. along with soil and water conservation measures.1612OnionLow productivity (80 q/Acre) Pest menace – purple Blotch, Storage rot, non availability of seeds of Required variety (40% loss) Avg :80 q/acre*Improved variety: Arka kalyan with INM and IPDM practices, (Trap crops: Chilli and Coriander) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measuresBorder trap crops : Jowar/Horse gram12011038RagiLow productivity ( Ragi 5-6 q/Acre) an d grown in marginal lands (25 to 30 % loss) Avg : 5.5 q/acre*Improved variety: GPU_28 and GPU-48 with INM practices, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures.9.51082ChickpeaLow productivity (2 to 3 q/ac), wilt and pod borer (40 to 50% loss) Avg : 2.5 q/acre*Improved variety: JG-11 with INM and IPDM practices and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures.460Pigeon PeaImproved variety: BRG-2 with INM and IPDM practices and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures.6.55100JowarLow productivity(5 q/ac), Drought, Grown in marginal lands Lack of nutrition (25 to 30 % loss) Avg : 5 q/acre*Improved variety: BRG-2 with INM, Intercropping (Redgram) and capacity building along with soil and water conservation measures.7.5LivestockLow productivity, infertility, feed and fodder shortage & prevalence of diseases :Avg: 2 litre/animal/day*18-20 kg body weight : small ruminantsHealth care: Deworming and Vaccinations (PPR and FMD)Nutrition care with Balance feed ,Azolla along with Mineral concentratesBreed improvement: New breeds and Artificial insemination*Dairy: Income from two cows per household.Before intervention: 204 lit milk / cow/year, after intervention: 336 litre milk /cow/annum ** Sheep: before intervention 10kg meat / sheep/year, after intervention: 12.5 kg meat / sheep/year ***Goat: before intervention 9 kg meat /goat/year, after intervention: 11 kg meat / goat/year
4INTERVENTIONS DURING 2012-13 CropNumber of HHTotal area, haInitial yield, t/haImproved yield, t/haTotal Production(tEnhanced income/ha/year, (Rs)Ragi-GPU-28177861.7521723750Maize-Nityashree and Hema845831748500Pigeon Pea-BRG-223439511.25493.7515000Green gram-China moong271721.2510,000Groundnut-ICGV ,TMV-262127.58750SunflowerKBSH-4393810.6250.8757500VegetablesOnion-Arka kalyan2001001827.5275076000Livestock UnitTotal Number of livestock providedAverage Numbers /HHIncome /unit / annum (Rs)Income/HH(Rs/annum )-Dairy (local cows and buffaloes)1953401.764,6927,728Sheep146441030.290,6001,13,250Goat484238.823,76029,040
5Status of Funds Released, Utilized and % utilization Sanctioned budget, Rs lakhsFunds Released (Rs In Lakhs)Funds Utilized (Rs In Lakhs)CumulativeUASB(Lead Centre)44.7732.38194.41180.65MYRADA4.694.4841.5341.32NISARGA1.971.371.3319.5318.66NAIN&P6.075.6036.1635.68Total57.556.943.79(77%)291.63276.31(94.75)
6their impact and economics Major achievements,their impact and economicsOne of the commercial crops we have made great success INM and IPDM in onion
7IMPACT OF AGRO TECHNOLOGIES ON AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF ONION One of the commercial crops we have made great success INM and IPDM in onion
8% increase in the productiv ity with INM/IPD M Addition al cost (Rs.) PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT THROUGH IMPROVED PRACTICES IN ONION (MEAN OF 3 YEARS WITH A SAMPLE SIZE OF 30 FARMERS)TechnologyProduct ivity (t/ha)% increase in the productiv ity with INM/IPD MAddition al cost (Rs.)Addition al returns (Rs./ha)Total Area covere d (ha)Net addition al benefits( ha)Incremental returns to additional cost ratioLocal variety without INM/IPDM18.00--Local variety with INM/IPDM22.2023.33%697533600350266253.82Improved practice with Cv. Arka Kalyan, INM and IPDM27.5053.00%715176000100688499.62Average yield of both the variety is around 22.5 tons per ha. Yield increase due to INM and IPDM was 27.5 tons/ha.Introduction of new variety (Arka Kalyan) in conjunction with INM and IPDM proved technically feasible and economically viable. Apart from enhancement in productivity ( %) and income ( %), it also generated an additional employment of 30 man days per ha
9Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of INM, IPDM on improved variety of Onion (Arka Kalyan) over Local variety (Satara red) (Rs/hectare)Improved variety with INM and IPDMLocal Variety without INM and IPDMTotal cost of cultivation ( A) =RsTotal cost of cultivation( C) =RsAdditional cost involved for improved variety with INM and IPDM practices(X)=A-C= Rs. 7151Gross return( B) =RsGross return ( D)=RsAdditional gross return obtained due to Improved variety with INM and IPDM practices (Y)=B-D=RsNet return (E)=B-A=RsNet return( F)=D-C =RsNet gain(E-F) or (Y-X) =Rs
10Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of INM, IPDM by using improved variety of Onion (Arka Kalyan) in place of Local variety (Satara red) (Rs/hectare)Sl.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side1Additional cost:Involved in adopting INM, IPDM in cultivating Arka Kalyan onion (due to use of micronutrients : gypsum, boron, ZnSO4, Pesticides: Capton, Bavistin , Chloropyriphos etc..) = Rs. 7151Reduced cost :Savings in the use of fungicides i.e. cost two Mancozeb sprays including PPC and labor charges, due to use of Arka Kalyan variety which is resistant to Purple Blotch disease) =Rs. 9902Reduced returns : 0Additional return :Due to Arka Kalyan and use of INM + IPDM RsTotal additional Cost =Rs. 7151Total additional gains =RsNet Gain : Rs – Rs =RsOn the same pattern we will be doing partial budgeting for all other crops also. Finger millet, sunflower, g nut, cotton, redgram .Over all benefit from the Project =Rs.69839*100ha*3years = Rs crores
11Ornamental Fishery – Impacting the farm women as Profitable IGA Ornamental fishery is totally a new venture to address gender equity, empower the farm women , to make multiple use of water, to increase water productivity . People were not aware of this before NAIP. Not only we introduced this novel technology we have gone two steps ahead 1) market linkage to this product 2) formation of thulasi meenugaarara sangha to gain advantages thro forward and backward linkages
12ECONOMICS ORNAMENTAL FISHERY PER ANNUM (Rs.) (For 2 cement tanks storing 500 litres of water each for rearing (around 1320) fish fingerlings per year)Sl.NoParticularsCost (Rs.)RemarksIFixed cost of 2 cement tanks2693-Depreciation cost (for 2Tanks)400Calculated for Rs.2500 for two tanks Rs.1250/ tank) with a junk value of end of 5 years, assumed as lifespan of the tankDepreciation Cost (Oxygen cylinder)475Calculated for Rs.10000, which is the cost of 1 Oxygen cylinder Rs 10000/ tank) with junk value of end of 20 years, lifespan of the Oxygen cylinderMosquito net1002 MosquitoFish net1502 fish netOrnamental plants50Interest on fixed 12%1518Interest on fixed cost is Rs.1518 (Fixed cost:12650)IIOperational cost12751792Worked out considering the requirement of 165 fries/fingerlings ready for marketable size in every 3 months (165*4 times in year*2tanks)Feed Cost383*2 tanks: A total of Kg of feed is required and the feed cost is Rs.35/kgWater usedWith initial water stock of 100litres and 1000 liters of eater for top up. Rs.50/1000 liters of water : A total of 2000 liters of water is requiredLabor2880Procuring inputs, watch and ward , maintenance and marketing: Rs.120/ Women day : A total of 24 labors are requiredMiscellaneous cost : Cow dung, packing material, Oxygen and Transportation etc.500Includes: Cow dung, packing material, Oxygen and Transportation etc.6 inch bowl4620Rs.55/6 inch bowl : A total of 84 bowls8 inch bowl980Rs.70/8 inch bowl : A total of 14 bowlsOrnamental plant196Rs.2/per set of ornamental plants/bowlManagement cost1045Interest on working 12%1254The returns earned if the operational cost is otherwise kept in the bankIIITotal cost15444The total of fixed and operational costs. This excludes the total cost of 2 tanks and 1 oxygen cylinder, since their depreciation value was consideredIVGross return24634total returns obtained by selling fish directly (898) and trough value addition i.e. a set of Bowl, fishes and Ornamental plants (96)Direct Selling7184: A total of 898 fish is sold directly10500A total of around 84 fish bowl(6’’) sets were sold by each SHG member on an average in a year : per set of bowl along with 2 fish and a ornamental plants2450A total of around 12 fish bowl(8’’) sets were sold by each SHG member on an average in a year : per set of bowl along with 4 fish and a ornamental plantsSelling of fingerlings4500A total of 7500 fries/fingerlings were produced by live bearers in a year @ the rate of Rp.0.6*7500VNet Returns10236VIBenefit Cost ratio1.6On the same pattern , we will be doing economic anlysis for other IGA’s like biogass, vermicompostOver all benefit from the Project =Rs.10236*70*3= Rs. 21,49,560 (21.50 lakhs)
14Comments of Director General, ICAR, New Delhi during his visit to NAIP Hiriyur cluster on 21st Feb 2012.
15Sl.No Particulars Cost (Rs.) Remarks ECONOMICS OF ARECA LEAF PLATE MAKING ENTERPRISE (RS/ ANNUM)(5 Machines with the capacity to produce 2400 leaf plates per day)Sl.NoParticularsCost (Rs.)RemarksIFixed costDepreciation18667Calculated for Rs.3 lakhs, which is the cost of 5 machines Rs 60000/ machine) with junk value of of 15 years, lifespan of the machineInterest on investment36000---Total of fixed cost54667IIOperational costBuilding rent Rs.2500/month)30000Cost of raw material (Areca leaf sheath)including transportation sheath)252000A total of 4,32,000 leaf sheath s was processed per annumElectricity charges (Rs.5000/month)60000Calculated considering the electricity consumption cost of Rs.1000/machine/monthMaintenance cost (Rs.2500/month)Calculated considering the cost ofLabour Rs.120/Day/labour)180000@ 5 labours per day summing up to 1800 labour daysMiscellaneous cost10000Gunny/plastic bags and tying materialsManagement cost(10 % of total operational cost)56200Interest on operational67440The returns earned if the operational cost is otherwise kept in the bankTotal of operational cost685640IIIReturnsGross return from the production of Leaf plates )The total number of leaf plates produced per annum was 8,64,000IVTotal cost740307VNet returns835773VIBenefit cost ratio2.2
16IMPACT OF ANIMAL NUTRITION AND HEALTH CARE ON MILK YIELD CATTLES AND BODY WEIGHT OF SHEEP AND GOAT: INCOMEOrnamental fishery is totally a new venture to address gender equity, empower the farm women , to make multiple use of water, to increase water productivity . People were not aware of this before NAIP. Not only we introduced this novel technology we have gone two steps ahead 1) market linkage to this product 2) formation of thulasi meenugaarara sangha to gain advantages thro forward and backward linkages
17for LOCAL cows and buffaloes (Rs/animal/annum) Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of using Azolla as feed supplementfor LOCAL cows and buffaloes (Rs/animal/annum)S.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side1Additional cost: Rs. 905For purchasing silpaulin sheet, mesh, single super phosphate, dung, Soil, Azolla culture and labour (4 woman days) charges for 6 x 4 feet size Azolla pondReduced cost : Rs. 240Due to the savings in the usage of concentrates in the lactation period2Reduced returns :Additional returns : Due to extra milk yield and lactation period by feeding Azolla - Rs. 3,036TotalRs. 905Rs. 3,276Net Gain : B-A = Rs – 905 = Rs. 2,371Reduced cost : savings in concentrates 100 grams per 120 days = 12 kg x Rs.20 = Rs.240Additional returns due to per day increase of 0.6 litres per cow for 120 days (72 lit) plus 60 lit additional milk in the extra lactation period of 30 days (30 x 2 lit)- total extra milk =132 lit x Rs.23 = Rs.3036
18Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of using balanced feed ,mineral mixture and health care for CROSSBRED COWS (Rs/animal) - Mean of 2 years’ studyS.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side1Additional cost: Rs. 4,975For purchasing mineral mixture, grains & chaff cutter. Health Care: vaccination and deworming and labour chargesReduced cost : Rs.5,7001.Due to reduced inter-calving period (Rs.2,500)2. Saving of fodder wastage kg- by chaffing (Rs.3,200)2Reduced returns : 0Additional returns : Rs. 16,6981. Due to extra milk yield of 2 lit/day for 285 days, and 7.5 lit/day for 15 days of additional lactation period with better management (Rs. 15,698)2. Extra value of well maintained cow(Rs. 1,000)TotalRs. 4,975Rs. 22,398Net Gain : B-A = Rs. 22,398 – 4,975 = Rs. 17,423Reduced cost- a farmer can get 2 extra calves in the total economic life of 8 years per CB cow due to timely pregnancy. Returns from 2 calves is Rs.20,000 and benefit per year is 20,000/8= Rs.2,500Additional returns: due to per day increase of 2 litres per cow for 285 days (570 lit) plus 112 lit additional milk in the extra lactation period of 15 days (15 x 7.5 lit)- total extra milk =682.5 lit x Rs.23 = Rs. 15,698Extra value of CB cow: due to higher milk yield and reproductive performance is Rs. 8,000 – Per year, the gain is Rs.1000
19Net Gain per flock /year : B-A = Rs. 23,750 Partial Budgeting to assess benefits of improved sheep farming with mineral mixture, top feeds and health care (Rs./ flock size of 40 /annum) - Mean of 2 years’ studyS.NoA: Debit sideB: Credit side1Additional cost per sheep: Rs.310(Feed: Mineral mixture + concentrates:Rs.90, Health care: Rs.90 (Deworming twice a year & once a year Vaccination) and Miscellaneous cost : Rs.130)Per Flock: 12,400Reduced cost : 4,200Due to reduced mortality (by 5 %, resulting in 3 extra lambs)2Reduced returns :Additional returns :From extra meat production of 2.5 Kg per sheep: Rs.750Extra value of existing flock of sheep: Rs. 19,200Additional returns per flock: 31,950Total12,40036,150Net Gain per flock /year : B-A = Rs. 23,750Reduced cost per two years= value of 3 lambs + penning = 9,000 ( per year = Rs.4,500)Additional returns from sale of 34 sheep in two years = 2.5 kg x 34 sheep x Rs. 300 = Rs.25,500 (per year = Rs.12,750) + Extra value of existing flock of 40 (after the sale of 37 sheep) per two years = Rs.38,400 (per year = Rs.19,200)
20Fig: One Hectare IFS Model (UAS, Bangalore) Recommended livelihood modelModelSuitability targetTotal number of Household coveredTotal area covered, haNet return per ha per year(Rs.) per householdModel 1:One Ha IFS Model6082000Sir UASB is the first to conceive this idea of 1ha IFS model, experimentaed at GKVK and other onstations, put in to practice and validated with lot of modifications in the model to suit the Agro climate , farmers socioeconomics and requirements. This model was conceptualized and published first in one of our book by (late)DrAMK in 2003 with 3 basic principles details are in note pad of nagpur workshop. At present 60 such models were promoted under the project. Promod to prepare as per on the same line with Dr Nagaraju s analysisThe average holding of a farm in India has been declining over the years and out of 105 million operational holdings, over 80 million are below the size of one hectareFig: One Hectare IFS Model (UAS, Bangalore)
21The basic Principles behind this successful proven model/system are: Conserving as much rainwater in situ as possible (through bunding and contour cultivation)Harvesting and storing surplus as much runoff water as possible in the farm pond and making best use of the same.Bringing as much vegetative cover as possible in each and every piece and parcel of one ha with food crops, fodder crops, fibre crops, fuel crops, green manure crops, flowers , vegetables, fruits and forest trees of valuable timber
22Economics of one ha IFS model ( mean of 5 years) a) Crops and cropping systemsYieldCost of Production (Rs.)Gross Returns (Rs.)Net Profit (Rs.)1.Finger millet (grain) + straw1200kg kg12500244202.Redgram200kg100003.Dolichus/ horsegram (grain / hey)30+30kg4.Vegetable crops:Brinjal/ tomato/ cluster bean/ ladies finger/drumstick / dry chilly/Flowers : Chrysanthemum/ Crosssandra/ marry gold/ jasmine280kg + 30 kgs +20kg bundles +27kg80 kg+15 kg+ 15kg+2kg=11160Sub total36920b ) Alternate landuse system/ Agroforestry5.Tree lopping2.25 tons35011257756Biomass (Glyricidea / Weeds)3.25 tons-7.Grass / (Green)25.0 tonsc)Livestock components8.Poultry birds (5+1)21 kg600315025509.Rabbits(5+1)10 nos2501500125010Sheep(5+1)4 lamb480011Cows (2 )5500 ltrs milk30,0001100008000012Fisheries100 nos (60 kg)300450013Compost / vermicompost7 ton3115011945093100Total (a+b+c)44000157495118295B:C ratio3.67Employment generation440 mandays
23Plan of work and specific targets for 2013-14 ActivitiesTargetsExpected ResultsImproved cropping system: Multiple cropping system, INM and IPDM in Onion, Groundnut, Sunflower, Pigeon pea, Grain amaranths, Ragi, Maize, Castor and fodder750haIncrease in the productivity crops and animalsTo increase the diversification of crop enterprisesTo increase the EmploymentTo increase the net income (Crop, Animal husbandry and IGA activities)Perennial crops act as drought proofing measuresTo protect the environmentSocial framework: SHG, JLG’s, Commodity groups etc.Agri –Horticulture (Perennials):250 HHAgri –Forestry (Perennials):Ornamental fishery25 HHVeterinary care375HHAnimal nutritionIGA21Strengthening of bunds(Ha)40haSynergy linkage with development departmentStrengthening of SHG’s,JLGs and Linking them to bankand formation of commodity grower associations and providing them with market Linkage.
24Sub-Project Leader and Partners HONOURS AND AWARDSSub-Project Leader and PartnersName of personnelHonour/AwardNAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, BangaloreSmt. Nagaveni, Vaddikere village, Hiriyur clusterAwarded as best young farm women during Krishi Mela held at GKVK, Bangalore on for the yearNAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore.Vaddikere village, Hiriyur cluster.NAIP Vaddikere cluster received the best Village Development programme (VDP) by NABARD for the yearSmt. Nagaveni W/O Lokanath had received District level best women Innovative farmer award for her outstanding achievement in IFS under NAIP during The award was handed over by His Excellency Hansraj Bhardwaj, Governor of Karnataka along with Dr. K.Narayana Gowda, Vice Chancellor, UAS, Bangalore on” Progressive Farmers Mela” on at UAS, Bangalore.NAIP, component 3, UAS, GKVK, BangaloreSri, Shivakumar S/O Thippesiddappa, Vaddikere village, Hiriyur clusterShivakumar S/O Thippesiddappa, Vaddikere had received the innovative young farmer award at Taluka level for the Year for the outstanding achievement in IFS model being implemented by NAIP at Vaddikere. The award was given by UAS, GKVK, Bangalore onMrs. Y K Jyothi W/O Satyanarayanagowda , VaddikereWoman SHG farmer of NAIP Mrs. Y K Jyothi W/O Satyanarayanagowda , Vaddikere participated in National Conference on “Community based approaches for inclusive growth” in Hyderabad from to organized by Enable-Vibrant SHG Movement in India.Dr.H S ShivaramuCPI , NAIP-III ProjectUASBDr.H.S.Shivaramu CPI, NAIP received the state award Smt.Nagamma Dattatreya Rao Desai award by UAS, Bangalore for his outstanding research for the year on 5th October 2012.
25LESSONS LEARNTRecurrence of drought necessitated drought proofing measures rather than promotion of crop based improved cultivation practices. Weather based crop insurance becomes necessity to cope against the droughtSoil and water conservation work undertaken was well appreciated by the farming community due its visible benefitsConstant monitoring biogas unit, and continues supply of cow dung are the prerequisites for promotion of biogas and vermicompostingFarmers were unaware of the response to micro nutrients viz , Calcium , Sulphur ,Zinc, Boron . The project shown the response through demonstration .The horizontal spread off improved Onion production technologies was determined by market fluctuations.Farmer’s awareness on intercropping raised additional income.The project could not shows the impact of processing and value addition to field crops due to frequent power cuts and difficulty in obtaining the license and mobilizing the depositsPower cuts have hampered the use of processing machineries for processing and value additionSubsidy can enhance Drip irrigation for closed spaced crops (veggies) unlike broad spaced crops due to high initial investmentMarket linkages forms a crucial link for promotion of enterprises (Milk route with KMF , Ornamental fishery with KFDC and Local private aquarium shops)Formation of Commodity grower associations will strengthen the backward and forward integration and which empowers the farmers in bargaining power , technical know how through inviting expertise and exposure visits and training programmes and increased resource efficiency
26SHG PROMOTION AND CBO FORMATION Name of the ClusterTotal Nos. of SHGs/CBO’s/JLG’sTotal Nos. of SHG Federations/ VDP/ DairyTotal Number of NAIP CommitteeTotal Number of families targetedTotal Number of families covered-Before NAIPAfterNAIPTotalSanikere638443+2501538652M.D.Kote3223552+13500679Hosadurga-2930148546461129080215231795Note: There are 121 SHG’s , 3 Youth groups, 3 JLG’S, one Raithkoota/farmer club and Children club
27Total No. of SHGs and other CBO’s SHG Financial & internal Loan Details for livelihood Enhancement of the MembersName of the ClusterTotal No. of SHGs and other CBO’sTotal SavingsTotal No. of loansTotal loanamountRemarksM.D.Kote5531,67,400172664,95,471All the promoted SHGs are functioning. Meeting on weekly basis. Regularly they are saving and lending among them for micro entrepreneurial activities like, petty business, sheep/goat rearing, weaving, motor rewinding, flower business, vegetable vending, areca nut business, flour mill, dairy & agri purposes which are supporting to enhance their livelihood options. On average each family has taken 2-3 times loan to the tune of Rs.5-10 thousand. The utilization and repayment is online where as banks also extending loan facilities to these families through the respective SHGs.Sanikere4416,65,204200647,11,300Hosadurga3015,56,32793849,55,000Total12963,88,93146701,61,61,771
281 Sheep/Goat 195 11,73,000 124 5,62,000 95 28,5000 2 Milch Animals 250 Sl No.Name of the IGAs/Livelihood ActivitiesM.D.Kote ClusterTotal Loan Amount given from SHGsSanikere ClusterHosadurgaCluster1Sheep/Goat19511,73,0001245,62,0009528,50002Milch Animals25012,56,0001267,15,00020,00,0003Petty business (Petty shop, vegetable vending, flower vending, coin booth)1058,12,000201,47,600703,50,0004Agriculture62523,73,50078731,49,30027513,75,0005Consumption5518,80,9713798,38,0022489,45,000TOTAL1726143654,11,90293849,55,000RemarksParticularly Landless, marginal and small farmers livelihood enhanced due to the SHGs credit support. each family in SHG are access to credit facilities as and when required to improve their existing livelihood activities and the new IGAs they have initiated. An average each families net earning is ranging from Rs.2500 to 3000Note : A total of Rs.1,68,62,373 of internal loan is distributed among SHG’s
29SYNERGIES FROM DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENTS AND INSTITUTIONS INSTITUTEACTIVITYMOBILIZED FUND(LAKHS)NABARDIGA activity for SHG34.00NAIP & NABARD,SHG Bank Linkage for credit : PG Bank, Canara Bank, Syndicate Bank and Sangamitra micro finance105.17Livelihood activities /soil and water conservation : 560 families41.00Forestry Greenery programme :560 households:39600plants4.10Horticulture : 107 households2.14Farm pond:10 Numbers1.70Waste weir :393 Numbers3.55SHG Training :44 Numbers1.98Vermicomposting :32 Numbers1.10Azolla:37 Numbers0.37Animal health camp: 9 camps1.20SHG Book Keeping Training :85 Numbers1.07Trashing Yard : 10.6B.T. Cotton Demo :17 Household0.17Smokeless chulas:20 Numbers0.20Light for education school children :30 Numbers1.00
30INSTITUTE ACTIVITY MOBILIZED FUND (LAKHS) NABARDTraining and exposure visits :4 members0.90Library for school children :100 Numbers0.05HIV/AIDS Awareness / Health Camp:3 camps0.47KVTSDC/EU/RUDSETISkill Development Training :90 members2.40GP/RUDSETI/MYRADA:EAP550 SHG members0.45European union/ MYRADA50 members0.50Jala Samvardhan ( JSY)SHG members:50 members2.50Tank Rejuvenation : 119.00Demonstration / Field Farmers School (FFS)0.15Bangalore – GarmentEmployment : 6 numbers0.00Franciscan Sisters of Mary , HosadurgaRevolving fund to SHG:20.60GRAMA NGOHIV/AIDS awareness/STI check up camp :1670.20GPTSP Sanitary Toilet Construction :32614.79BIRLAInsurance (Life Insurance):218 number2.18SELCOSolar Home Lights : 8 membersSelco, SDMCLight for education : 20 members1.00Shankar NethralayaEye Camp :180 Checking & 52 – Operation0.35
31INSTITUTE ACTIVITY MOBILIZED FUND (LAKHS) Development departmentsFishery DepartmentOrnamental Fishery and fingerlings rearing for 3 SHG0.84Horticulture Dept.& BankPomegranate cultivation : 25 numbers75.00Horticulture Dept.Drip Irrigation : 125 numbers14.80Forest DeptForestry/Greenery Programme : 150.10Agricultural DepartmentSprayer :272.02ICICI & GovtWeather Insurance:2000.21Agriculture departmentSoil testing and Micronutrients :29-Sericulture departmentSoil testing and Micronutrients:29Total338
32THANK YOUIFS is a Sustainable mixed farming system that consists of at least two separate but logically interdependent parts of a crop/ tree and livestock enterprises ( animal/fish/ birds) where in the output of one should be the input for another enterprises or the bi-product of one will be the food/feed/fodder for another enterprise ultimately satisfying most of his domestic needs, besides giving economic returns.
33Objective wise promised deliverables – OBJECTIVE WISE ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE YEAR 2012-13 ACTIVITYTargets(ha/no’s )Achievements(ha/ no’s)Identification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capitalImproved cropping system: Multiple cropping system, INM and IPDM in Groundnut, Sunflower, Pigeon pea, Grain amaranthus, Ragi, Maize, Castor and fodder crops375689Horticulture and Commercial crops/Vegetable: INM and IPDM in Onion (Arka kalyan and Satara red).350Agri –Horticulture (Perennials): Mango, Sapota, Lemon, Jackfruit and Tamarind67505900WDF(NABARD): Mango and Sapota3900Agro-forestry : Melia dubia, Simarouba glaucaSesbania grandiflora and Gyricidia10000WDF(NABARD) : forestry plants -Teak, Silver oak, Pongemia and Sesbania grandiflora40,000Fodder crops:Melia dubia,Sesbania,Hybrid Napier and Gliricidia(households)124IGA: Petty shop, Fruit vending, Tailoring, pottery, Masala powder marketing, areca leaf plate making22Ornamental fishery: Fish Fingerlings distributed to the farmers7200Veterinary Health , Animal nutrition and Reproductivecare: 3 Health and Nutritional camps including synergyfrom development departmentsDeworming7800FMD Vaccination3800PPR vaccination7500Animal nutrition (beneficiaries/Household)200Nutrition : azolla, mineral mixture, balance feeding, poultry feed for birds . Onion 50 ha means distributed 5 q of seed. This year the total area under this crop was 250 KVK+ 100 ha from NAIP.
34OBJECTIVEACTIVITYTargets(ha/no’s )Achievements(ha/ no’s)Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovationsOrnamental fish market linkage: Linked to KFDC (Karnataka Fiheries Development corporation) and Private aquariumshops Tatwamasi Netway Aquarium, Hiriyur, IncharaAquarium, Hosadurga).Ornamental fish growers association ( Tulasi alankaarikameenugaarar sangha)Onion growers associationMilk market linkage : KMF, Shimoga-3Trainings have organized to form commodity growersassociation for groundnut , cotton and redgram2Capacity building for Human resource development at different levels and Social capital formation through local organizations.Trainings organizedTotalNumber of trainingsNo. of participants29820Organic farming:133Improved practices in cotton cultivation :32INM and IPDM in Onion:24Income Generating activities:Raising of ornamental fish culture and Tank fisheries :9Importance of seed treatment, INM and IPDM in Groundnut, cotton , onion, maize and other crops:14Planting of horticultural crops and their management: 2,25Planting of horticultural crops and their management:17Now because of the association KAVIL , Ernakulam, Kerala has come forward for market linkage with a demand for 5000 fishes per week in a single consignment at a time .
35OBJECTIVE Trainings organized Number of trainings No. of participants Capacity building for Human resource development at different levels and Social capital formation through local organizations.Method demonstration of horticultural crops like Mango, sapota,Tamaring ,lemon, jack and Hebbevu : 9,225Raising of ornamental fish culture and Tank fisheries :120Method demonstration cum training programme on planting of horticultural and forest crops and their management: 10.16,360Management of sustainable fund for SHG and also how to reduce the conflict between SHG groups.40Heath camp (Myrada)38Marketing of ornamental fishes and32Cultivation aspects of Simarouba and Jackfruit30Registration of Ornamental fish grower association12Usefulness of medicinal plants36Balanced feed preparation (dairy animal) and Prerequisites for maintenance of quality milk and Yield (other than the project Area by NAIN&P) and distributed the Gliricidia Cuttings to the same farmers(5 each)Formation of commodity grower association and its advantages :69Management of pest and disease management and cultivation aspects of pomegranate:250
36Objective wise activities performed along with salient results Mandate/Objectives of the projectAchievements made during theSalient resultsIdentification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capitalImproved cropping system: Multiple cropping system, INM and IPDM in Ground nut- TMV2, Ragi-GPU28, Cotton-Stephlon, Maize-Hema, Sunflower-KBSH43, Redgram- BRG2, Navane PS-4 and Grain Amaranths (Suvrna) etc, Castor (DCS_9 and 48-1 and fodder crops have taken up in 689 haIncrease in the productivity level, Employment and Stability of the incomeHorticulture and commercial crops/vegetable: INM and IPDM in onion (Arka Kalyan and Satara Red). Taken up in 350 haINM and IPDM in Onion proved technically feasible and economically viable. Apart from enhancement in productivity ( % i.e. from 18 tons to 27.5 tons) and income ( % i.e. from 22 to 27.5 tons), it also generated an additional employment of 30 man days per ha Over all benefit from the Project =Rs.69839*100ha*3years = Rs croresAgri –Horticulture (Perennials): Mango, sapota, Lemon, Jackfruit and Tamarind planted and agro-forestry and fodder crops : Melia dubia, Simarouba glauca Sesbania grandiflora , Hybrid Napier and Gyricidia : planted plantsAccordingly planted (perennials) various horticultural and forestry plants in the main field and as well as along the bunds plants against as drought proofing measures and meet the fodder requirement in the summer and to conserve soil and water.
37Achievements made during the 2012-13 Salient resultsVeterinary care-Animal health improvement: Veterinary health and reproductive care (deworming, FMD vaccination and PPR vaccination and pest management: ticks) is provided to 7500 no’s dairy, non-descriptive animals and small ruminants (Sheep and Goat).Led to improvement in the productivity of animal interms of increase in the milk yield and weight gain in the case of small ruminants and reduced mortality among the animalsAnimal nutrition intervention: Nutritional intervention achieved through the feeding of proper balance feed : local available crop residues along with Sesbania, Napier grass, Melia dubia , mineral mixture and azolla : 200 Households BenefittedIt was observed that the milk yield has doubled (2 liters per day to 4 liters per day) by feeding both azolla and mineral mixture together with the normal feed among the dairy animals and body weight gain in small ruminants.Income generating activities: Ornamental fisheries & Tank fisheries: Presently there are 70 households growing ornamental individually and also in group.Individual farm families are getting an additional monthly income of Rs 850 per month by the sale of ornamental fish directly and with set of bowls. The overall estimated benefit to Ornamental fishery growers from 3 years to the tune of 21 lakhs.Arecanut slicing & chipping and areca leaf plate making unit: Economic analysis has been done for these IGA’sAreca leaf plate making unit :The net return per annum from areca leaf plate making unit is to the tune processing centre was to the tune of Rs 8.70 lakhs with benefit cost ratio of 2.2 assuming full capacity utilization of the machine and generating 1800 man days per year .
38Mandate/Objectives of the project Achievements made during the 2012-13 Salient resultsArecanut Slicing & chipping and Areca leaf plate making unit:The net returns per annum from processing raw areca nut into slices and chips was to the tune of Rs. 1, 73,083 and 1,25000 respectively with an overall the benefits cost ratio of 1.25 and 1.14 and Generates employment of 96 man days per year .Other income generating activities encouraged during : Sheep rearing , Tailoring, pottery ,Petty shop, Fruit vending and Masala powder marketing,Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovationsOrnamental fish market linkage: Linked to KFDC Karnataka Fiheries Development corporation) and Private aquarium shops Tatwamasi Netway Aquarium, Hiriyur, Inchara Aquarium, Hosadurga). Linkage with KAVIL (Kerala Aqua ventures ltd) for export of ornamental fish is in process2. Ornamental fish growers association (Tulasi alankaarika meenugaarar sangha)Onion growers association4. Milk market linkage : KMF, ShimogaOrnamental fisheries: Assured market promoting them to increase their production.Milk market linkage: Market linkage is there for Vaddikere cluster and in the similar line Milk co-operative societies will be formed and it is in the pipeline.Commodity grower associations (CGO) : Farmers have been trained and they have clear knowledge about the advantages of CGO . Formation of onion grower association is in the process
39Mandate/Objectives of the project Achievements made during the 2012-13 Salient resultsCapacity building for human resource development at different levels and social capital formation through local organizationsTrainings and Demonstration activities:Training on Improved cropping systems ,INM and IPDM (Usage of funnel traps, bucket traps etc) in Onion and other crops viz Maize , Green gram, red gram, grain amaranths, organic farming , method demonstration of planting horticultural and forestry plants and their management, raising of ornamental fishery and how to form ornamental rearer’s association (procedures), onion and other crops growers association and its advantages, Balanced feed preparation (dairy animal) and prerequisites for maintenance of quality milk and yield and management of pest and disease management and cultivation aspects of pomegranate and synergy with development departments –to create awareness about the schemes in the development departments,People have gained knowledge and confidence on growing of a particular crops profitability, selection of variety, ,integrated nutrient management (INM) and integrated pest and disease management (IPDM).Commodity growers associations: Realized how a commodity grower association will helps in backward and forward integration and importance of working together(risk is commonly shared3. Farmers were gained knowledge about animal health care practices through deworming and Periodic vaccination and Nutritional requirement of the animals.
40Objective wise Cumulative targets and achievements since inception ParticularsActivitiesTargetsAchievementsI. Identification and promotion of appropriate farming systems and income generating activities to strengthen the livelihood, economic security, equity and social capital :UASB-Lead CentreEntry-level Activities (Installation of solar street lights (10) and home lights (15) in 3 clusters and provision of drinking water through bore well in one cluster.25Area under Improved cropping System(ha) : Improved cropping system: (Multiple cropping system + INM + IPDM +) Introduction of new varieties: [Groundnut, Red gram, Ragi,Navane, Green gram, Bengal gram, Grain amaranths, Sorghum, Sunflower, Safflower,, Castor Maize, Cotton, and fodder crops]42754526Horticultural and commercial crops425824Area under Seed production in Onion, Redgram and Groundnut.60500Demonstration of IFS modelArea under sericulture9015Drip irrigation37550Simarouba glauca (Swayam Vaidya Sasya sanjivini medicinal plant)-2500Agro –Horticulture (Perennials): Mango, Sapota, Lemon, Jackfruit and Tamarind67505900WDF(NABARD): Mango and Sapota3900Agro-forestry (Perennials): Glyricidia, Simarouba glaucaand Melia dubia : 75 Beneficiaries10000WDF(NABARD) : forestry plants -Teak, Silver oak, Pongemia and cassia species40,000Biogas (No. of households)27Ornamental fishery (No. of households)70Farm pond culture (No. of households)8085Distribution of soil health cards153
41Particulars Activities Targets Achievements NGO’s (MYRADA &NISARGA)Soil and water conservation (Ha)750Vermi compost(No.)75Organic compost (No.)24Check Dam repair1NIANP and KVAFSUIAnimal HusbandryVeterinary Health and Reproductive careDairy and non descript animals40004200Small ruminants (deworming, vaccination)90009750Poultry (baseline status birds -200)45001825Animal nutrition and InterventionDairy (No.)200560Poultry (No.)2250Small ruminants (No.)30002600Income generating activitiesVegetable vending (No.)15Flower vending (No.)Woollen blanket knittingArecanut Leaf plate makingArecanut slicing /Chipping MachinePetty ShopTailoringPotteryMotor winding
42Particulars Activities Targets Achievements Sheep rearing-70Multi crop Thresher1Ragi Processing UnitII.Development of appropriate public-private partnerships and linkages to ensure necessary value chain to improve market linkages and efficiency for the output/s arising from IFS and IGA innovationsEstablish market linkages to improve producer share in consumer rupee.Agriculture information provision through Voice SMS’s by IFFCO,150Ornamental fish market linkage to : KFDC, Tumkur and Private agencies (Tatwamasi Netway , Hiriyur, Inchara aquarium, H durgaMilk Market linkage for Sanikere,MD Kote and Hosadurga clusters :KMFLinking with credit and insurance>1500 House holds
43Particulars Activities Targets Achievements NGO’s (MYRADA and NISARGAFormation of Self help group and involving them in income generating activities for initiating changes in the production system to improve efficiency.-124III.Capacity building for human resource development at different levels and social capital formation through local organizations.20004786Sensitization, need based training programs Commodity grower associations for beneficiaries of different interventions and IGA activitiesImproved cropping system ,INM and IPDM (Usage of Funnel traps, Bucket traps etc) in Ragi, Navane .Jowar , Red gram, Green gram, Maize , Onion, multiple cropping, IFS, Azolla, vermicomposting, Importance of fodder cultivation , balance feeding, demonstration of feed block preparation for dairy animals, Ornamental fishery, Agril-credit,( SHG bank linkages), Planting of horticultural crops and their management: Mango, Sapota, Tamarind, Jackfruit, Lemon, Melia dubia and Sesbania, Registration of commodity grower association, Synergy with development departments – to create awareness about the schemes in the development departments, SHG- thrift habits, value addition (products chutney powder, Ragi malt), canopy management of mango and fig.